Cotton County, Oklahoma Genealogy

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United States
Cotton County

Guide to Cotton County, Oklahoma ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Walters
Organized: August 27, 1912
Parent County(s): Comanche[1]
Neighboring Counties
Clay (TX)  • Comanche  • Jefferson  • Stephens  • Tillman  • Wichita (TX)
See County Maps
Cotton County Courthouse , Oklahoma.jpg
Location Map

County Information


The County was named for the county's primary crop. The County has Walters as its seat and the County was created 1912. The County is located in the south central area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Cotton County Courthouse
301 N. Broadway Street
Walters, Oklahoma 73572-1271
Phone: 580.875-3026
Cotton County Website

County Clerk has birth records 1912-1945, divorce and land records, surveys and school census records;
Clerk Court has marriage, divorce, probate and court records[1]

Cotton County, Oklahoma Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1917 1912 1912 1912 1920

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

Populated Places

The following are locations in Cotton County, Oklahoma:[3]

  • Ahpeatone
  • Cookietown
  • Devol
  • Emerson Center
  • Fivemile Corner
  • Hooper
  • Hulen
  • Randlett
  • Taylor
  • Temple
  • Walters (county seat)

History Timeline


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Cotton County, Oklahoma online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Oklahoma Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1920 16,679
1930 15,442 −7.4%
1940 12,884 −16.6%
1950 10,180 −21.0%
1960 8,031 −21.1%
1970 6,832 −14.9%
1980 7,338 7.4%
1990 6,651 −9.4%
2000 6,614 −0.6%
2010 6,193 −6.4%
Source: "".

For tips on accessing Cotton County, Oklahoma Genealogy census records online, see: Oklahoma Census.

Federal Census Records

Federal Censuses were taken for Oklahoma starting in 1860. For links to Federal census indexes, see Oklahoma Census.

State Census Records

Church Records

Church records vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Oklahoma denominations, view the Oklahoma Church Records Wiki page.

Court Records


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

American Indians


Land and Property

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Oklahoma Land and Property for additional information about early Oklahoma land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Oklahoma Land and Property

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Cotton County, Oklahoma Genealogy. County and town histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Oklahoma Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Tillman CountyComanche CountyStephens CountyJefferson CountyWichita CountyClay CountyOK COTTON.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship


Oklahoma Newspapers Online

Oklahoma Newspaper Catalogs

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Cotton County, Oklahoma Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

  • ($) has historical newspapers online including Lawton newspapers that may have included Cotton County residents. This database is free at some libraries.


Other Records


Probate Records

In most counties in Oklahoma, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Oklahoma - Cotton - Probate records.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Oklahoma tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the CDC Where to Write website for information on acquiring copies of these records.


Online Birth Records Indexes and Images


Online Marriage Records Indexes and Images


Online Death Records Indexes and Images


Online Divorce Records Indexes and Images

Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.




Cotton County Genealogy Society
202 N. Broadway
Walters, Oklahoma 73572 Website]

Southwest Oklahoma Genealogical Society
PO Box 148
Lawton, OK 73502


  • USGenWeb project. May have maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county. Select the state, then the county.
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Oklahoma. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Cotton County, Oklahoma " in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Oklahoma."
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Cotton County, Oklahoma," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Oklahoma, accessed 5 August 2016.