Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy
Guide to Copiah County, Mississippi ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
|Copiah County, Mississippi|
Location in the state of Mississippi
Location of Mississippi in the U.S.
|Founded||21 January, 1823|
|Address|| Copiah County Courthouse|
PO Box 507
Hazlehurst, MS 39083
Copiah County Courthouse]
- 1 County Information
- 2 County Courthouse
- 3 History
- 4 Places/Localities
- 5 Genealogy Resources
- 5.1 Research Guides
- 5.2 African Americans
- 5.3 Bible Records
- 5.4 Cemeteries
- 5.5 Census
- 5.6 Church Records
- 5.7 Court
- 5.8 Genealogy
- 5.9 Land and Property
- 5.10 Local Histories
- 5.11 Maps
- 5.12 Military
- 5.13 Naturalization
- 5.14 Newspapers
- 5.15 Occupations
- 5.16 Probate Records
- 5.17 Taxation
- 5.18 Vital Records
- 6 Genealogy Societies and Libraries
- 7 Websites
- 8 References
The County was named for a Choctaw Indian word meaning calling panther. The County has Hazlehurst as its seat and the County was created 1823. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.
Copiah County, Mississippi Record Dates
Copiah County Courthouse
PO Box 507
Hazlehurst, MS 39083
Clerk Chancery Court has divorce records from 1840, probate and land records from 1825 and confederate veterans records. Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1825 and court records. 
For animated maps illustrating Mississippi county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Mississippi County Boundary Maps" (1785-1918) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
Lists of Former Slaves in the Freedmens Bureau Records
A register of former slaves showing their former slave owners can be found at https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-892Y-QDHN?wc=9L3S-SP2%3A1078474011%2C1078474012&cc=2333768
The register was created by the Freedmen’s Bureau and contains entries for approximately 2000 slaves living in Copiah County. It is undated, but based on the ages of the former slaves, the register was created between 1865 to 1866. The register contains the following information for most of the entries:
- Former slave’s current name
- Former slave’s gender
- Former slave’s age
- Former slave’s color
- Former slave’s occupation
- Former slave’s current residence
- Former owner’s name
- Former residence. This can be a place name or a plantation name.
The entries are grouped by the former owner’s name. The former owners are not arranged in alphabetical order and the register. The register has not been indexed and must browsed.
Lists of Slave Owners and Slaves compiled from Copiah County Slave Schedules for 1850 and 1860
A researcher has compiled 4 lists of the slave owners and slaves as enumerated in the 1850 and 1860 Federal Censuses for Copiah County
- 1850 Copiah Co., Mississippi – Slave Owners Alphabetical
- 1850 Copiah Co., Mississippi – Slave Owners Enumeration Order
- 1860 Copiah Co., Mississippi – Slave Owners Alphabetical
- 1860 Copiah Co., Mississippi – Slave Owners Enumeration Order
|Tombstone Transcriptions Online||Tombstone Transcriptions in Print||List of Cemeteries in the county|
|Findagrave.com||Family History Library||Findagrave.com|
|See Mississippi Cemeteries for more information.|
- 1805 - 1890 Mississippi, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1805-1890 at Ancestry.com — index $
- 1660 - 1820 U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820 at Ancestry.com — index $
- 1792 - 1866 Mississippi, State and Territorial Census Collection, 1792-1866 at Ancestry.com — index $
For tips on accessing Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy census records online, see: Mississippi Census.
Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Mississippi denominations, view the Mississippi Church Records wiki page.
Land and Property
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.
See Mississippi Land and Property for additional information about early Mississippi land ownership. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.
- Copiah County, Mississippi deed records, (1823-1900; index, 1825-1988), 1823-1988 Index all viewable.
Local histories are available for Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Mississippi Local Histories.
- Maps of Mississippi (1785-1918)
- Family Maps of Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy (land patent maps) at HistoryGeo.com ($). Free surname search.
- 1861-1865 - Mississippi, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch.org — index/images
- 1861-1865 - Mississippi, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch.org — index/images
- 1861-1865 - U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865 at Ancestry — index (free)
- 1861-1865 - U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865 at Ancestry — index (free)
- 1889-1942 - Mississippi, Confederate Records, 1889-1942 at FamilySearch — images
- 1900-1974 - Mississippi, Confederate Veterans and Widows Pension Applications, 1900-1974 at FamilySearch — images
- Men from Copiah County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Copiah County.
- - 3rd Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
- Company K - McWillie Blues
- - 4th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
- Company A - Terrall [Terrell] Dragoons
- Company B - Copiah Horse Guards
- Company E - Ramsey’s Company
- - 6th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
- Company F - Crystal Springs Guards
- Company G - Rockport Steel Blades
- - 10th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry (Old)
- Company H - Bahala Rifles
- - 10th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry (Old)
- Company I - Bahala Rifles
- - 12th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
- Company A - Charlie Clark Rifles [also listed as Co. H]
- Company D - Pettus Relief, aka Pettus Rifles
World War I and II
Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:
Probate records are held by the Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy Courthouse. Microfilmed records can be found online at Mississippi Probate Records, 1781-1930. See the wiki page Mississippi Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.
Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.
- 1780 – 1982 Mississippi Wills and Probate Records 1780-1982 at Ancestry.com — index and images $
- 1781 – 1930 Mississippi Probate Records 1781-1930 at FamilySearch — images
Mississippi tax records replace missing censuses and provide lists of residents during years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see Mississippi Taxation.
Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. Mississippi law did not require keeping birth or death records until 1912. Births and deaths are kept by the Mississippi Bureau of Vital Statistics. Marriage records are kept by the county. See also How to order Mississippi Vital Records or order electronically online.
See Mississippi Vital Records for more information on getting Mississippi records.
- 1800 - 1911 Mississippi, Marriages, 1800-1911 at FamilySearch.org — index
- 1776 - 1935 Mississippi Marriages, 1776-1935 at Ancestry.com — index $
- 1826 - 1900 Mississippi Marriages, 1826-1900 at Ancestry.com — index $
- 1826 - 50 Mississippi Marriages, 1826-50 at Ancestry.com — index $
- to 1825 Mississippi Marriages to 1825 at Ancestry.com — index $
- 1823-1921 - Copiah County Marriage Books A-K and 1-25 Index 1823-1921 in International Genealogical Index at FamilySearch - free.
Vital Record Substitutes
Genealogy Societies and Libraries
Family History Centers
Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.
- Copiah County, MS History, Records, Facts and Genealogy
- Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy & History Network
- Mississippi Genealogy Network Community on Google+
- Mississippi Genealogy Network Group on Facebook
- USGenWeb Copiah County, Mississippi project. Has maps, name indexes, history or other information for this county.
- FamilySearch Catalog
- Copiah County, Mississippi County website
- Wikipedia contributors, "Copiah, Mississippi," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copiah_County,_Mississippi."
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Copiah County, Mississippi page 379, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
- From LisaAndRoger.com website http://lisaandroger.com/2009/06/giving-a-little-back/
- Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/c/ce/Igimississippia.pdf.