Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy

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United States
Copiah County

Guide to Copiah County, Mississippi ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Copiah County, Mississippi
Map of Mississippi highlighting Copiah County
Location in the state of Mississippi
Map of the U.S. highlighting Mississippi
Location of Mississippi in the U.S.
Founded 21 January, 1823
County Seat Hazlehurst
Address Copiah County Courthouse
PO Box 507
Hazlehurst, MS 39083
Phone: 601.894.3021
Copiah County Courthouse]

County Information


The County was named for a Choctaw Indian word meaning calling panther. The County has Hazlehurst as its seat and the County was created 1823. The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[1]

Copiah County, Mississippi Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate



County Courthouse

Copiah County Courthouse
PO Box 507
Hazlehurst, MS 39083
Phone: 601.894.3021

Clerk Chancery Court has divorce records from 1840, probate and land records from 1825 and confederate veterans records. Clerk Circuit Court has marriage records from 1825 and court records. [2]


Parent County

1823--Copiah County was created 21 January 1823 from Hinds County.
County seat: Hazlehurst [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Mississippi county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Mississippi County Boundary Maps" (1785-1918) may be viewed for free at the website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Lists of Former Slaves in the Freedmens Bureau Records

A register of former slaves showing their former slave owners can be found at

The register was created by the Freedmen’s Bureau and contains entries for approximately 2000 slaves living in Copiah County. It is undated, but based on the ages of the former slaves, the register was created between 1865 to 1866. The register contains the following information for most of the entries:

  1. Former slave’s current name
  2. Former slave’s gender
  3. Former slave’s age
  4. Former slave’s color
  5. Former slave’s occupation
  6. Former slave’s current residence
  7. Former owner’s name
  8. Former residence. This can be a place name or a plantation name.

The entries are grouped by the former owner’s name. The former owners are not arranged in alphabetical order and the register. The register has not been indexed and must browsed.

Lists of Slave Owners and Slaves compiled from Copiah County Slave Schedules for 1850 and 1860

A researcher has compiled 4 lists of the slave owners and slaves as enumerated in the 1850 and 1860 Federal Censuses for Copiah County[4]

Bible Records


Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
MSGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Mississippi Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy census records online, see: Mississippi Census.

  • 1878 Enumeration of Educable Children avaialbe for free on FamilySearch (other years also available). Listing of locations and approximate image start number available here. Images also available online from the Mississippi Archives.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Mississippi denominations, view the Mississippi Church Records wiki page.



Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Mississippi Land and Property for additional information about early Mississippi land ownership. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Mississippi Local Histories.


Claiborne CountyJefferson CountyLincoln CountyLawrence CountySimpson CountyRankin CountyHinds CountyMS COPIAH.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Civil War
  • Men from Copiah County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Copiah County. 
- 3rd Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company K - McWillie Blues
- 4th Regiment, Mississippi Cavalry
Company A - Terrall [Terrell] Dragoons
Company B - Copiah Horse Guards
Company E - Ramsey’s Company
- 6th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company F - Crystal Springs Guards
Company G - Rockport Steel Blades
- 10th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry (Old)
Company H - Bahala Rifles
- 10th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry (Old)
Company I - Bahala Rifles
- 12th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry
Company A - Charlie Clark Rifles [also listed as Co. H]
Company D - Pettus Relief, aka Pettus Rifles
World War I and II



Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Copiah County, Mississippi Genealogy Courthouse. Microfilmed records can be found online at Mississippi Probate Records, 1781-1930. See the wiki page Mississippi Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Records


Mississippi tax records replace missing censuses and provide lists of residents during years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years. For more information, see Mississippi Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. Mississippi law did not require keeping birth or death records until 1912. Births and deaths are kept by the Mississippi Bureau of Vital Statistics. Marriage records are kept by the county. See also How to order Mississippi Vital Records or order electronically online.

See Mississippi Vital Records for more information on getting Mississippi records.

Vital Record Substitutes
Voting Records

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

See also a List of Mississippi Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Copiah, Mississippi," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Mississippi."
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Copiah County, Mississippi page 379, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. From website
  5. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at