Conway County, Arkansas Genealogy

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United States
Arkansas
Conway County
 

Guide to Conway County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Morrilton
Organized: October 20, 1825
Parent County(s): Pulaski [1]
Neighboring Counties
Faulkner  • Perry  • Pope  • Van Buren  • Yell
See County Maps
Courthouse
ArkansasConwayCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Ar-conway.png
Adoption
Cedar Falls Trail, Petit Jean State Park Conway County, Arkansas

County Information

Description

The county was named for Henry Wharton Conway, who was the territorial delegate to the U.S. Congress. The County Seat is Morrilton and was founded October 20, 1825.[2]It is located in the central of the state.[3]

County Courthouse

Conway County Courthouse
117 South Moose Street;
Morrilton, AR 72110
Phone 501.354.9621
Conway County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1858 and probate records.
The Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and land records.[4]

Conway County, Arkansas

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914* 1858 1914* 1842 1825 1837 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Record Loss

  • 1899 - Fire about 1899 destroyed and damaged some records. Lewisburg, situated on the Arkansas River, was subject to periodic floods, also resulting in some record loss.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes

  • 1825--Conway County was created 20 October 1825 from Pulaski County.
  • County seat: Morrilton[6]

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in the county:[7]

Cities
Towns
Unincorporated communities
  • Lanty
  • Solgohachia
  • Census-designated places
    Townships
    • Austin
    • Bentley
    • Bird
    • Catholic Point
    • Cedar Falls
    • Gregory
    • Griffin
    • Higgins
    • Howard
    • Lick Mountain
    • Martin
    • McLaren
    • Nichols
    • Old Hickory
    • Petit Jean
    • St. Vincent
    • Steele
    • Union
    • Washington
    • Welborn
    • White Eagle


    History Timeline

    Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Conway County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [8]

    • 1803 - Up to about 1803 Conway County’s early settlers came by way of the Arkansas River and included trappers, traders, and fugitives.
    • 1803 The county was under French and Spanish rule before the Louisiana Purchase put it under American control.
    • 1825 October 20 - Conway County was created by the Arkansas General Assembly.
    • 1817-1828 - Tthe Western Cherokee occupied a reservation in Arkansas that included a great deal of Conway County.
    • 1828 - The Cherokee in Arkansas signed a treaty swapping this reservation for lands west of the territorial border.
    • 1872 - The Little Rock and Fort Smith Railroad was completed through the county.
    • 1910 - The population of Conway County hit its peak.

    Resources

    Bible Records

    Biographies

    Business, Commerce, and Occupations

    Cemeteries

    Cemeteries of Conway, Arkansas online and in print
    Tombstone Transcriptions Online
    TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
    List of Cemeteries in the County
    See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

    Census Records

    Historical populations
    Census Pop.  %±
    1830 982
    1840 2,892 194.5%
    1850 3,583 23.9%
    1860 6,697 86.9%
    1870 8,112 21.1%
    1880 12,755 57.2%
    1890 19,459 52.6%
    1900 19,772 1.6%
    1910 22,729 15.0%
    1920 22,578 −0.7%
    1930 21,949 −2.8%
    1940 21,536 −1.9%
    1950 18,137 −15.8%
    1960 15,430 −14.9%
    1970 16,805 8.9%
    1980 19,505 16.1%
    1990 19,151 −1.8%
    2000 20,336 6.2%
    2010 21,273 4.6%
    Source: "Wikipedia.org".

    Church Records

    Court Records

    Directories

    Emigration and Immigration

    Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

    African Americans

    Funeral Homes

    Genealogies

    Guardianship

    • Probate Records 1826-1937 Conway County portion of the collection: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
      • Includes Administration and guardian bonds and letters 1859-1904; Probate record index 1840-1873; Probate records 1837-1886; Wills 1826-1937.

    Land and Property Records

    Local Histories

    Local histories are available for {{{1}}} County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

    • Park, Hugh. Historical reminiscenses and biographical memoirs of Conway County, Arkansas. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1976.
    • Historical Reminiscences and Biographical Memoirs of Conway County, Arkansas. Little Rock, AR: Arkansas Historical Publishing, 1890. Online at: Ancestry.com ($)
    • Biographical and Historical Memoris of Conway County at Ancestry.com ($)

    Maps and Gazetteers

    Pope CountyVan Buren CountyFaulkner CountyPerry CountyYell CountyAR CONWAY.PNG
    About this image
    Click a neighboring county
    for more resources


    Migration

    Military Records

    Civil War

    Regiments. Men in Conway County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

    - 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate), Company I
    - 10th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
    - 36th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies F and I

    Men from this county served in the 1st Regiment, Arkansas Mounted Rifles (Confederate),[9] Company I; 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union)[10] , Companies A, B, C, D, G, H, K, and L; 31st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies C and G.[11]

    Online Records

    Naturalization and Citizenship

    Newspapers

    Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Conway County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


    Obituaries

    Other Records

    Periodicals

    Probate Records

    Online Probate Records

    School Records

    Tax Records

    Vital Records

    Birth

    Marriage

    Death

    Divorce

    Research Facilities

    Archives

    Family History Centers

    Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

    Libraries

    Museums

    Societies

    Conway County Genealogical Society
    P.O. Box 865
    Morrilton, Arkansas 72110
    E-mail: conwaycountygenealogy@yahoo.com
    Website

    River Valley Genealogy Society
    Farm Bureau Building
    201 E. Shady Lane
    Morrilton, Arkansas
    Website
    Covers: Conway, Faulkner, Perry, Pope, Yell and Van Buren counties.

    Websites

    • ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
    • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
    • RootsWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
    • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
    • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
    • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

    Research Guides

    References

    1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
    2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Conway County, Arkansas Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ark/conway/
    3. Wikipedia contributors, "Conway County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conway_County,_Arkansas.
    4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
    5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Conway County, Arkansas. Page 67 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 65.
    6. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
    7. Wikipedia contributors, "Conway County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Conway_County,_Arkansas, accessed 3 September 2018.
    8. Mary Ellen Guffey Brents, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=759&type=Category&item=Counties&parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&grandparent=+%3a+accessed+January+6%2c+2016)%2c : accessed January 12, 2016), “Conway County.”
    9. Desmond Walls Allen, First Arkansas Confederate Mounted Rifles (Conway, Ark.: privately published, 1988), 2.
    10. Desmond Walls Allen, Third Arkansas Union Cavalry (Conway, Ark.: privately published, 1987), 33-92.
    11. Ronald R. Bass, History of the Thirty-first Arkansas Confederate Infantry (Conway, Ark.: Arkansas Research, 1996), 12.
    12. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki.
    13. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/5c/Igiarkansasad.pdf.