Confederate Regular Troops in the Civil War
The Confederate Congress established a provisional then a permanent Confederate States Army by March 9, 1861. Control was given to the President of the Confederate States of America, Jefferson Davis.
Under orders from President Davis, the troops under General P. G. T. Beauregard bomb Fort Sumter on April 12–13, 1861, the first battle in the Civil War.
Tthe state militias supplemented the Confederate States Army. The state governments organized and commanded the state militias.
- With a new introduction by John M. Carroll. List of field officers, regiments, & battalions in the Confederate States Army, 1861-1865. (Mattituck, New York : J.M. Carroll & Co., c1983) FHL Fiche 6083686
No formal overall military commander or general-in-chief was designated until late in the war. This lack of centralized control was a strategic weakness. Commanders were:
President Jefferson Davis, (Commander-in-Chief) He provided the strategic direction for Confederate land and naval forces. He was a former U.S. Army officer and U.S. Secretary of War.
General Samuel Cooper, (Adjutant General and Inspector General of the Army)
General Robert E. Lee, (General-in-Chief, January 31 to April 9, 1865) 
The above information, and additional information can be found in the Wikipedia article, Confederate States Army
Sibley, F. Ray. The Confederate order of battle. (Shippensburg, Pennsylvania : White Mane Pub. Co., c1996-), FHL book 975 M2si v. 1.
Confederate Regular Troops Military Units
Most units were numbered, however, many were named. See the table below for lists of the regiments, battalions, batteries, and other units.
The information in the lists of Confederate Regular Troops Military Units comes from the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors web site. That web site also can be searched by the name of a soldier.
Records and Resources
Records of the Confederate Army are located in the National Archives Record Group (RG109). They are described in:
- Amann, William Frayne. Personnel of the Civil War. (New York, New York : T. Yoseloff, c1961) FHL Book 973 M2a Vol 1 and 2
- Bethel, Elizabeth, compiler. Preliminary Inventory of the War Department Collection of Confederate Records (Record Group 109). Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1957. (FHL book 973 A33npi no. 101.)
- Compiled records showing service of military units in Confederate organizations.' (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1976), FHL film 1380856 - 1380929
- Confederate States of America. Army. Roll of Confederate prisoners of war, paroled at Meridian, Mississippi, May 1865. (Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1990), FHL film 1685778 Items 1-2.
- 'Confederate P.O.W.'s : soldiers & sailors who died in federal prisons & military hospitals in the North.' (Nacogdoches, Texas : Ericson Books, c1984, 1994), FHL book 973 M2if 1994.
- Crute, Joseph H. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987), FHL book 973 M2crua.
- Glazier, Willard W. The capture, the prison pen, and the escape : giving a complete history of prison life in the South. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1992) FHL fiche 6083612.
- Hewett, Janet B. The Roster of Confederate soldiers, 1861-1865. (Wilmington, North Carolina : Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1997-2000) FHL book 975 M2rc.
- Jenks, Houston C. An index to the census of 1911 of Confederate veterans or their widows, pursuant to Act 71 of 1908. ([Baton Rouge, Louisiana] : [H.C. Jenks], c1989), FHL book 976.3 M22j.
- Lists of Confederates captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi, July 4, 1863. (Washington, District of Columbia : National Archives and Records Service, 1996), FHL film 2200846 digitized
- List of field officers, regiments, & battalions in the Confederate States Army, 1861-1865. with a new introduction by John M. Carroll (Mattituck, New York : J.M. Carroll & Co., c1983) FHL book 973 M2Lo.
- Pompey, Sherman Lee. Burials lists of the Confederate federal cavalry regiments. (Kingsburg, California : Pacific Specialities, 1972), FHL book 973 V3p copy 2 and Genealogical records on the Confederate Indian troops. (Albany, Oregon : S.L. Pompey, c1984), FHL book 970.1 P772g.
- Spratt, Thomas M. Men in gray interments. ("Athens, Georgia : Iberian Pub. Co., c1996-1998 Athens, Georgia : New Papyrus Pub., c1998-2009), FHL book 975.5 V3s v. 1 .
- United States Adjutant General's Office. Records of the Louisiana state government in the War Department collection of Confederate records, 1850-1888 : NARA, M359. (Washington [District of Columbia] : National Archives and Records Service. General Services Administration, 1961), FHL film 1549483.
- United States. War Department. Record and Pension Office. Compiled records showing service of military units in Confederate organizations. (Washington [District of Columbia] : The National Archives, 1971), FHL film 1380856, etc. and Compiled service records of Confederate soldiers who served in organizations raised directly by the Confederate government (1861-1865). FHL film 880207, etc..
- Watkins, Raymond W. (Raymond Wesley). Confederate deaths : Battle of Fort Bulter [sic], LA June 25, 1863; Resaca, GA - MS soldiers; Raleigh NC - Confederate hospitals; Battle of Liberty Gap, TN - June 24-26, 1863 - Arkansas soldiers; Battle of Hoover's Gap, TN - June 24-26, 1863; Murfreesboro, TN - 60th NC Infantry Regiment; Howard's Grove Hospital, Richmond, VA; Winchester, VA and nearby areas. (Meridian, Missiissippi: Lauderdale County Department of Archives & History (Mississippi), c2000), FHL book 976.1 M2gr
- Welsh, Jack D. Two Confederate hospitals and their patients : Atlanta to Opelika. (Macon Georgia : Mercer University Press, c2005), FHL book 976 M2w and Medical histories of Confederate general. (Kent, Ohio : Kent State University Press, c1995), FHL book 973 V2wa.
- Wight, Willard E. Index to registers of inmates of the Confederate Soldiers Home of Georgia. (Atlanta [Georgia] : Georgia Dept. of Archives & History, 1964), FHL Film 1445835.
The following archive may also be helpful in researching your Confederate ancestor:
- Historical Research Center
P.O. Box 619
Hillsboro, TX 76645
Telephone: 817-582-2555, ext. 242
Confederate Amnesty Papers
When Andrew Johnson pardoned Confederates at the end of the Civil War on May 29, 1865, some had to apply for amnesty because they were not granted amnesty in the proclamation issued. See Confederate Amnesty Records for more information on these records.
Compiled Service Records
The Compiled Service Records ($) (Fold3.com) of Confederate soldiers are available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. The service records are also available at no charge at National Archives research rooms. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see Confederate Service Records.
Additional Confederate records are at state archives and historical societies.
Also see United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 for more Confederate records.
A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:
- Wikipedia contributors, "Confederate States Army" in Wikipedia - the Free Encyclopedia, (accessed 28 April 2011)