Confederate Prisoner of War Records

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United States
U.S. Military
U.S. Civil War
Confederate Prisoner of War Records

Union Prisons for Confederate Soldiers

Records of the National Archives

Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865

The "Selected Records of the War Department Relating to Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865" (NARA M598) is a collection consisting of 427 bound volumes. The records are of Confederate prisoners of war and political prisoners confined in Union prisons. They consist mainly of registers and lists of captured soldiers and civilians. The records contain information such as names, rank, unit or residence, dates of capture, deaths, and prisoners released.


Wiki articles describing online Familysearch collection is found at:


  • Locate M598 at a library using Worldcat.

Union Provost Marshals' File

The Provost Marshals' File of papers relating to two or more civilians (NARA M416) contains lists of civilian prisoners in Union prisons. The records of prisoners are on microfilm rolls 84-94 and are listed alphabetically by prison location.[1] The records are available online.

Other Confederate Prisoner of War Records

  • Register of Confederate Soldiers, Sailors, and Citizens who Died in Federal Prisons and Military Hospitals in the North, 1861-1865 (M918)
  • Lists of Confederates Captured at Vicksburg, Mississippi, July 4, 1863 (M2072)

Both of the above collections are included in Ancestry's "Civil War Prisoner of War Records, 1861-1865" database mentioned above.

Related Books

  • Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War (FHL 973 M2spe) (Worldcat) by Lonnie R. Speer contains the history of Union and Confederate prisons.


  1. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Pamphlet Describing M416: Union Provost Marshal’s File of Papers Relating to Two or More Civilians. Washington, D.C., National Archives And Record Service, 1969.