Confederate Prisoner of War Records

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United States
Civil War, 1861-1865
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Union Prisons for Confederate Soldiers[edit | edit source]

Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865[edit | edit source]

Camp Douglas, Chicago

Camp Morton, Indiana

Elmira, New York

Johnson's Island, Ohio

The "Selected Records of the War Department Relating to Confederate Prisoners of War, 1861-1865", NARA M598 is a collection consisting of 427 bound volumes. The records are of Confederate prisoners of war and political prisoners confined in Union prisons. They consist mainly of registers and lists of captured soldiers and civilians. The records contain information such as names, rank, unit or residence, dates of capture, deaths, and prisoners released.


Wiki articles describing online Familysearch collection is found at:


  • Locate M598 at a library using Worldcat.

Union Provost Marshals' File[edit | edit source]

The Provost Marshals' File of papers relating to two or more civilians (NARA M416) contains lists of civilian prisoners in Union prisons. The records of prisoners are on microfilm rolls 84-94 and are listed alphabetically by prison location.[1] The records are available online.

Other Confederate Prisoner of War Records[edit | edit source]

Both of the above collections are included in Ancestry's "Civil War Prisoner of War Records, 1861-1865" database mentioned above.

Related Books[edit | edit source]

  • Portals to Hell: Military Prisons of the Civil War (FHL 973 M2spe) (Worldcat) by Lonnie R. Speer contains the history of Union and Confederate prisons.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Pamphlet Describing M416: Union Provost Marshal’s File of Papers Relating to Two or More Civilians. Washington, D.C., National Archives And Record Service, 1969.