Comanche Nation

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Guide to Comanche Nation ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and other agency records.

Comanche Indian -Six tribal leaders.png
Comanche Nation Flag.png

Ancestral Homeland: Mexico to Wyoming

Various Spellings: Comanche, Camanche

Comanche Bands:[edit | edit source]

Kewatsana, Kotsai, Kotsoteka (Buffalo Eaters), Kwahadi, Motsai, Nokoni (Wanderers), Patgusa, Penateka (Honey Eaters), Pohoi, Quahadis (Antelopes), Tanima, Wasaih, and Yamparika (Yap Eaters)

Leaders: Quanna Parker[edit | edit source]

Tribal Headquarters[edit | edit source]

Comanche Nation of Oklahoma
584 N. W. Bingo Rd.
P. O. Box 908
Lawton, Oklahoma 73505
Toll Free Phone Number: 1.877.492.4988
Fax: 1.580.492.3796

Population: 1984 Total enrollment 8,131. [1]

History[edit | edit source]

Brief Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1600's: Left Wyoming, neighboring tribe, Shoshone and removed to south to Rocky Mountains.
  • 1790: The Comanche allied with Kiowa
  • 1791: Living in present day Kansas
  • 1795 allies with Kiowa, and Apache
  • 1700-1800: raided and roamed Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and northern Mexico
  • 1816-1839: Smallpox epidemics
  • 1835: Texas Revolution
  • 1838: Council House Affair
  • 1840: United with southern Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1845: Annexation of Texas, Texas Rangers protect settlers from hostile Indians, particular the Comanche
  • 1849-50: Cholera epidemic
  • 1853: Fort Atkinson Treaty - protect the Santa Fe Trail
  • 1854: Comanche and Kiowa placed on reservation on the Brazos River.
  • 1859: Barzos River Reservations abandoned - moved to new reservation on the Washita River near present-day Fort Cobb, Oklahoma
  • 1864: Fought against Kit Carson's men; Battle of Adobe Walls on the Staked Plain for the Texas Panhandle
  • 1866/7: Treaty of Medicine Lodge 4,000 Indians in attendance; Comanche, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa and Kiowa Apache tribes. William Tecumseh Sherman, Commissioner of Indian Affairs
  • 1868: December 25: General Philip Henry Sheridan fought Comanche and Kiowa - Battle of Soldier Springs
  • 1871-1874: Comanche and Kiowa wars
  • 1874-75: Red River War or Buffalo War
  • Peyote Road - Native American Church - sacramental use of peyote - by 1930 half of the Indian population in the United States belonged to the church.
  • 1899: Oklahoma Territory ban the use of peyote.

Additional References[edit | edit source]

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Comanche tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Records[edit | edit source]

The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Agencies[edit | edit source]

Upper Platte Agency 1846-55

Upper Arkansas Agency 1855-64

Kiowa Agency 1864-80

Texas Agency 1847-59

Wichita Agency 1859-78

Superintendencies[edit | edit source]

St. Louis Superintendency

Central Superintendency

Colorado Superintendency

Southern Superintendency

Western Superintendency

Correspondence and Census[edit | edit source]

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records Pre-180 Correspondence M234 Roll Number FHL Film Number Post-1885 Census M595 Roll Number FHL Film Number - Comanche Anadarko Area Office, 1881 -1962 Fort Worth - - Rolls 211-23 - - Comanche Upper Platte Agency,1846-55 Washington D.C. Rolls 889-96 - Rolls 211-23 - - Comanche Upper Arkansas Agency, 1855-64 Washington D.C. Rolls 878-82 - Rolls 211-23 - - Comanche Kiowa Agency,1864-80 Fort Worth Rolls 375-86 - Rolls 211-23 Films:576899 - 576912

Land Records[edit | edit source]

Tribally owned land 7,045.80 acres. Allotted land: 201,350.17 acres. [2]

Treaties[edit | edit source]

The year link (year of the treaty) will connect to an online copy of the treaty.

  • 1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes
  • 1846 May 15, at Council Springs
  • 1853 July 27, at Fort Atkinson
  • 1865 October 17, referred to in an Apache
  • 1865 October 18, at Little Arkansas River

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

  • Kiowa Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 576909 and births and deaths 1930-1936, FHL Film: 576911

Important Websites[edit | edit source]

For Further Reading[edit | edit source]

  • Carlson, Paul H. The Plains Indians. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, c1998. FHL Book 970.1 C197p
  • Richardson, Rupert Norval, The Comanche Barrier to South Plains Settlement: A Century and a Half of Savage Resistance to the Advancing White Frontier. Glendale: The Arthur H. Clark Co., c. 1933
  • Wallace, Ernest and Edward Adamson Hoebel. The Comanches, Lords of the South Plains. FHL book 970.3 C73w

General \[edit | edit source]

For background information to help find American Indian ancestors see For Further Reading.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 221
  2. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 220-221