Columbia County, Oregon Genealogy

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United States
Columbia County
Guide to Columbia County, Oregon ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
Colyer Columbia


Columbia County, Oregon
Map of Oregon highlighting Columbia County
Location in the state of Oregon
Map of the U.S. highlighting Oregon
Location of Oregon in the U.S.
Founded January 16, 1854
County Seat St. Helens
Address Columbia County Courthouse
244 Strand Street
St. Helens, OR 97051
Phone: 503.397.3796
Columbia County Website

County Information

Columbia County, Oregon Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1907 1854 1860 1850 1850

County Courthouse

County Clerk has marriage records from 1890,
divorce and court records from 1854 and probate records from 1880. [1]

Records Held at the Courthouse

A wiki article describing an online collection is found at:

Oregon , Columbia County Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Quick Facts

Named for the Columbia River, which forms the northern and eastern boundaries.

Parent County

16 January 1854: from Washington County. [2]

Boundary Changes

  • No parts were taken to create any county.

For animated maps illustrating Oregon County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Oregon County Boundary Maps" (1843-1975) may be viewed for free at the website.

Places / Localities

Populated Places


Please do not format these pages unless you have contents to add to them.

Clatskanie | Columbia City | Prescott | Rainier | St. Helens | Scappoose | Vernonia


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Apiary | Goble | Mist | Pittsburg | Riverside | Warren

Neighboring Counties

Clatsop | Multnomah | Tillamook | Washington | Washington counties: Cowlitz | Clark | Wahkiakum



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
ORGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
ORGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Oregon Cemeteries for more information.

For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Columbia County, Oregon Cemeteries.


Territorial and State Census Records (Extant)

  • 1845 (as part of Tuality County, aka Twality or Twalitain)
  • 1849 (as part of Tuality County, aka Twality or Twalitain)
  • 1853 (as part of Washington County)
  • 1865

Federal Census Records (Extant)

  • 1850
  • 1860
  • 1870
  • 1880
  • 1900
  • 1910
  • 1920
  • 1930

Church History and Records

Court Records



Land and Property

Wiki articles describing land records online are found at Oregon, Columbia County Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)



Military History and Records

Civil War


Oregon Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites.

Historic Oregon Newspapers  as a division of the Oregon Digital Newspaper Program has digitzied more than 644,000 pages of newspapers throughout Oregon. Dates range from 1846-1922 with selected issues continuing through 1973.

Of particular interest to Columbia County researchers:

The Columbia Register (Houlton)
The Columbian (St. Helens)
The Oregon Mist (St. Helens)

Probate Records

Online Records


Vital Records

See also How to order Oregon Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for Oregon Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Divorce Certificate, Death Certificate Application to mail.

Birth Records

Delayed Birth Certificates

Birth Registers

Marriage Records

  1. 1826-1975 - Oregon, United States Marriages at FindMyPast — index $
  2. Extractions of early marriages are listed on the Western States Marriage Index
  3. Marriage Index 1885-1896 Actually is a book of affiants reporting the marriages. Historical Records Collection

Death Records

Societies, Libraries and Museums

Columbia Gorge Genealogy Society
722 Court Street
The Dalles 97058

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Columbia County, Oregon page 572, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. WorldCat 50140092 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].