Coffee County, Alabama Genealogy

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United States
Coffee County

Guide to Coffee County, Alabama ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Coffee County, Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded December 29, 1841
County Seat Elba
Coffee County Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Address Coffee County Courthouse
230 N. Court Ave
Elba, AL 36323
Phone: (334) 347-2519
Coffee County Website

County Information

Coffee County, Alabama Record Dates

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1907 1877 1907 1811 1851 1862 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

County Courthouse

Probate Judge has marriage records from 1877
and land records from early 1800's
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce and court records


The County was named after John R. Coffee, a hero in the Creek War of 1813—14. The County has Elba as its seat and the County was created December 29, 1841. The County is located in the southeast area of the state.[2]


Parent County

Coffee County was formed December 29, 1841 from Dale County. Dale was formed in 1824 from Covington and Henry Counties. Covington was formed from Henry in 1821 and Henry was formed from Conecuh in 1819. Conecuh was formed from Monroe in 1818 and Monroe was the original County formed from Washington County (Mississippi Territory) and the Creek cession in 1815.

County seats: Elba and Enterprise[3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Alabama county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Alabama County Boundary Maps" (1799-1980) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss


Coffee County had destructive courthouse fires in 1851, 1863, and 1877. See Research in Alabama: A Genealogical Guide  page 26 for suggested alternative sources to overcome this loss.[4]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
  • Forest Park
  • Foxhill
  • Frisco
  • Goodman
  • Holley Store
  • Honeysuckle Hills
  • Idlewood
  • Indian Lakes
  • Indian Springs
  • Indigo
  • Ino
  • Jack
  • Jamestown Colony
  • Java
  • Keyton
  • Lowry Mill
  • Mixson

Neighboring Counties




Biographies of many notable residents of Coffee County, Alabama Genealogy were published in Memorial Record of Alabama (1893). Digital version at FamilySearch Books Online - free. Begins on page 654.


Cemeteries of Coffee, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Coffee county cemeteries.


For tips on accessing Coffee County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Coffee County, Alabama
Year Pop.  %±
1850 5,940
1860 9,623 62.0%
1870 6,171 −35.9%
1880 8,119 31.6%
1890 12,170 49.9%
1900 20,972 72.3%
1910 26,119 24.5%
1920 30,070 15.1%
1930 32,556 8.3%
1940 31,987 −1.7%
1950 30,720 −4.0%
1960 30,583 −0.4%
1970 34,872 14.0%
1980 38,533 10.5%
1990 40,240 4.4%
2000 43,615 8.4%
2010 49,948 14.5%
Sources: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  through 1960

State Census

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Coffee County, Alabama Genealogy see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Barbour County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2010. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at ($). Website includes free surname index. FHL Book 976.134 E7b.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Coffee County, Alabama Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.


CrenshawPikeDaleGenevaCovingtonAL COFFEE.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Civil War

Civil War service men from Coffee County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Coffee County.

- 1st Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company F
- 12th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D "Coffee County Rangers"
- 18th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A (Bullock Guards)
- 25th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K
- 33rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A and F
- 54th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E (formerly Co. "D", 1st AL, TN, and MS Infantry)
- 61st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D and G

Online Records

World War I


Finding More Alabama Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Coffee County, Alabama Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Coffee County, Alabama Genealogy Probate Court. Most records are housed at the Coffee County, Alabama Genealogy Courthouse. Many records are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

See the wiki page Alabama Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, dower records, personal property sales, settlement records, orphans’ records, and bonds.

Online Probate Records


Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Coffee County is in District 1.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama. See also How to order Alabama Vital Records

  • 1877–1886, 1888–1901, 1936–1969 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800–1969 at Ancestry $. This collection is comprised of indexes created by several agencies - the Alabama Center for Health Statistics, Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research, and Hunting For Bears.
  • 1877–1900 "Alabama Marriages, 1809–1920" at Ancestry $. This database is a collection of marriage records from the state. Researchers will find the names of both bride and groom along with the marriage date. The county where the ceremony was performed is also provided.

  • 1881–1974 Index to Deaths and Burials at Ancestry $. Note that the number of available records can vary widely by county, and this database does not necessarily represent a comprehensive set of death records for the state during this time.

Voting Registers

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History.  Coffee County has one book.

Societies and Libraries

Pea River Historical and Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 310628
108 Main Street
Enterprise, AL
Publication: Pea River Trails

Coffee Enterprise Public Library

LDS Family History Center
110 Shell Field Rd

Family History Center

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Enterprise Alabama

110 Shell Field Rd
Enterprise, Coffee, Alabama, United States
Phone: 334-347-3631
Hours: Tues & Thurs 10 am -2pm Wed 4pm-8pm;
other times by appt.
Closures: Closed on Holidays

Family History Centre Locator



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Coffee County, Alabama. Page 36 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 33.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Coffee, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 06/02/2017.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Marilyn Davis Barefield, Researching in Alabama: a Genealogical Guide (Birmingham, Alabama : Birmingham Public Library, 1998), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat). FHL Book 976.1 D27b 1998.
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Coffee County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 8 October 2018.