Clay County, Georgia Genealogy

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United States
Clay County

Guide to Clay County, Georgia ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Clay County, Georgia
Map of Georgia highlighting Clay County
Location in the state of Georgia
Founded February 16, 1854
County Seat Fort Gaines
Clay County Court House; Fort Gaines, Georgia.jpg
Address Clay County Courthouse
210 S Washington
PO Box 550
Fort Gaines, GA 31751-0550
Phone: 912.768.3238
Clay County Website

County Information

Clay County, Georgia Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Clay County, Georgia Genealogy Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate



County Courthouse

Clay County Georgia Courthouse.jpg

Clay County Courthouse
210 S Washington
PO Box 550
Fort Gaines, GA 31751-0550
Phone: 912.768.3238

Clerk Superior Court has divorce and land records.[1]

Clerk of Superior Court
210 Washington Street S. Suite 3
Fort Gaines, GA 39851
Phone: (229) 768-2631

Probate Court of Clay County
210 S. Washington Street S. Suite 1
Fort Gaines, GA 39851
Phone: (229) 768-2445


Henry Clay.JPG

The county is named after U.S. Speaker of the House Henry Clay (1777-1852).[2]

Parent County

1854--Clay County was created 16 February 1854 from Early and Randolph Counties.
County seat: Fort Gaines [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Georgia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Georgia County Boundary Maps" (1758-1932) may be viewed for free at the website.

Variant Spellings

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.[4]


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Barbour County  • Calhoun County  • Early County  • Henry County  • Quitman County  • Randolph County

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Genealogy Resources

Research Guides

African Americans

Bible Records


Cemeteries of Clay, Georgia online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Georgia Cemeteries for more information

The following web site may have additional information on Clay County cemeteries.


Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Georgia denominations, see the Georgia Church Records wiki page.



Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Georgia Land and Property for additional information about early Georgia land grants from the government. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions (generally buying and selling deeds) were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Clay County, Georgia Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Georgia Local Histories.



  • Military - Georgia USGenWeb Archives Project
Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Clay County, Georgia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Clay County, Georgia Genealogy:

- 9th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company D
- 32nd Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company F
- 51st Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company I
- 59th Regiment, Georgia Infantry (Confederate) , Company E
- Georgia USGenWeb Archives Project (other war information also given)
  • Todd, Donald (Priscilla Neves). 1976. The History of Clay County. [Fort Gaines, Ga.]: [Clay County Library Board?]. (Chapter VI) 975.8927 H2
  • Georgia. Court of Ordinary (Clay County). 1966. Confederate pension records, 1890-1958. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah. Film 454212
World War I



Newspapers Extracts and Abstracts

Newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Clay County, Georgia Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

Colonial courts kept some early probate records.  From 1777 to 1798 and since 1852, the court of ordinary or register of probates has kept probate and guardianship records.  The inferior court handled probate and guardianship matters from 1798 to 1852.

Many probate records to the 1930s and 1940s are at the Georgia Department of Archives and History and the Family History Library on microfilm.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (not all years).

  • 1852-1922 -   Index to Will Book A 1852-1922 Georgia Pioneers Georgia Pioneers ($)
  • 1859-1873 -   Index to Inventories, Appraisements, Sales, Book A, 1859-1873 Georgia Pioneers ($)
  • 1875-1902 -   Index to Annual Returns 1875-1902 Georgia Pioneers ($)
  • 1852-1870 -   Digital Images of Clay County Wills 1852-1870. See names of Testators Georgia Pioneers ($)


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and all slaves up to age 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Georgia State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Georgia. See also How to order Georgia Vital Records

Marriage Records
  • 1854 - 1888 - Clay County Marriage Books A thru C Index 1854-1888. Batch M712511 at FamilySearch - free.[5]
  • 1889 - 1929 - Clay County Marriage Books D and E Index 1889-1929. Batch M712512 at FamilySearch - free.
Death Records
Vital Record Substitutes

Voter Records

Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Ft. Gaines Historical Society
P.O. Box 6
Ft. Gaines 31751

Ft. Oglethorpe Preservation Society
P.O. Box 5321
Ft. Oglethorpe 30742

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Clay County, Georgia. Page 153 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. "Henry Clay," Wikipedia.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Paul K. Graham, Georgia Courthouse Disasters (Decatur, Georgia: Genealogy Co., 2013), 20. At various libraries (WorldCat).
  5. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at