Clark County, Arkansas Genealogy

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United States
Clark County

Guide to Clark County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Arkadelphia
Organized: December 15, 1818
Parent County(s): Arkansas [1]
Neighboring Counties
Dallas  • Hot Spring  • Montgomery  • Nevada  • Ouachita  • Pike
See County Maps
Location Map

Little Missouri River Bridge, Prescott in Clark County, AR

County Information


Clark County was created by the legislature of Missouri Territory, 15 December, 1818. It was named for the territorial governor, William Clark. At its creation it included most of the present counties of Clark, Hot Spring, Garland, Pike and Dallas. The Caddo, Little Missouri and Ouachita rivers flow through the county. Clark County has hilly terrain in the north, and rolling, pine-covered hills in the south. DeGray Lake, located in the northern part of the county, along with DeGray State Park, attracts a half million visitors each year. The county seat, Arkadelphia, is home to two universities, Ouachita Baptist and Henderson State.

County Courthouse

Clark County Courthouse
Courthouse Square
401 Clay Street
Arkadelphia, AR 71923
Phone: 870.246.4491
Clark County website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1821, land records from 1819, and probate records from 1800.
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce, court and land records.[2]

Clark County, Arkansas

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914* 1821 1914* 1838 1819 1840
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1818--Clark County was created 15 December 1818 from Arkansas County. 
  • County seat: Arkadelphia[4]
  • Boarder with Pulaski changed 30 October 1823
  • Union County created in 1829
  • Hot Spring County created in 1829
  • Pike County created in 1833
  • Dallas County created in 1845
  • Boarder with Hot Spring and Dallas changed 3 April 1868
  • Part of Clark added to Pike 22 April 1873
  • Boarder with Montgomery changed 24 April 1873
  • Boarder with Pike changed 8 March 1877

For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Clark County, Arkansas:


  • Amity
  • Arkadelphia
  • Caddo Valley
  • Gum Springs
  • Gurdon
  • Okolona
  • Whelen Springs


  • Gravel Junction
  • Midway


Census Districts

  • Alpine
  • Barringer
  • Beirne
  • Bethel
  • Boswell
  • Burtsell
  • Central
  • Clear Spring
  • Curtis
  • Daleville
  • De Gray
  • Dobyville
  • Fendley
  • Graysonia
  • Griffithtown
  • Halfway
  • Haretown
  • Hollywood
  • Joan
  • Kansas
  • Knoxville
  • Lenox
  • Love Creek
  • Majors
  • Meeks Settlement
  • Pike Junction
  • Red Springs
  • Richwoods
  • Shakertown
  • Smithton
  • Smyrna
  • Sycamore
  • Trace
  • Vaden

Historical Communities

  • Adams
  • Antoine
  • Anvil
  • Ashton (or Joslyn)
  • Atlee
  • Beech Creek
  • Bradsha
  • Copeland Ridge
  • Elm Point
  • Flanagans
  • Greenville
  • Gurdon Junction
  • Hardages
  • Hearn
  • Hebron
  • Keyton
  • Leard
  • Manchester
  • Mill Creek
  • Raymond
  • Reeves
  • Rome
  • Scotts
  • Shawmut
  • Sloan
  • Tate
  • Terre Noir
  • Tupelo Springs
  • Weaver

History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Clark County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture. [5]

  • 1700s - Europeans continued to explore and occupy the area, but Indians had largely vacated.
  • 1803 - Permanent settlement by Americans occurred soon after the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1818 - December 15, Clark County was founded as part of Missouri Territory.
  • 1860 - The county had become a thriving community of agriculture, commerce, and education.
  • 1932 - Clark County suffered along with the rest of Arkansas from the effects of the Great Depression.
  • 1939-1945 - World War II stimulated the development of small industry in the county.
  • 1930-1970 - The county lost 13.6 percent of its population.
  • 1980s - Clark County’s economy declined.


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Clark, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites may have additional information on Arkansas County cemeteries.

Census Records

Federal Census reports for Clark County are available for 1830-1930 including Industry and Agriculture Schedules 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880; Slave Schedules for 1850 & 1860; and Mortality Schedules for the years 1850, 1860, 1870 and 1880.

  • 1820 is missing
  • 1830 and 1840 - Check the Arkansas Census page for availability. Searchable index on Ancestry.
  • 1850 - 1920 Census- Searchable index on FamilySearch
  • 1890 Census substitution was compiled by William L. Newberry from the Tax Receipt Book for 1890.[6]

For more information about the using the census in Arkansas, please refer to the Arkansas Census page.

Church Records

Court Records

Clark County Court Clerk has court records beginning in 1838.


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

African Americans

Funeral Homes



  • Probate Records 1822-1957 Clark County portion of the collection: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
    • Includes Administration and guardian bonds 1869-1909; Bonds 1827-1873; Dockets 1875-1901; Letters of administration 1827-1883; Probate records 1822-1957; Wills 1855-1867.

Land and Property Records

Clark County Court Clerk has land records beginning in 1819. Remember that original land sales and grants were often with the US Government and are part of the General Land Office Records not the local county records.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Clark County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. Click for a brief Timeline History of the county. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

  • "History of Clark County" by Laura Scott Butler. Publications of the Arkansas Historical Association - v. 2 (1908). Online at FamilySearch Catalog (Free)
  • Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Southern Arkansas. Chicago, IL, USA: Goodspeed Publishing, 1890. Online ($)

Maps and Gazetteers

Click on a neighboring county to go to the wiki page.
Clark CountyDallas CountyCalhoun CountyOuachita CountyNevada CountyHempstead CountyPike CountyMontgomery CountyGarland CountyHot Spring CountySaline CountyGrant CountyCleveland CountyPulaski CountyScott CountyHoward CountyLittle River CountyMiller CountyLayafette CountyARClark.JPG


Military Records

Revolutionary War

  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Arkansas section begins on page 439.]

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Clark County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company B
- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Colquitt's) (Confederate)
- 2nd Regiment, Arkansas Mounted Rifles (Confederate), Companies E and F
- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate) , Company F
- 8th Battalion, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company A
- 33rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies E and H

Online Records

Civil War Battle

The following Civil War battle was fought in Clark County.

  • April 3-4, 1864 = Elkin’s Ferry, also known as Okolona[8]
  • Map showing Civil War battles in Arkansas. 

Naturalization and Citizenship


Finding More Arkansas Newspapers Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Clark County, Arkansas Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Other Records


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

The county clerk has probate records starting in 1840.

School Records

Tax Records

Vital Records

Statewide registration of births and deaths began 1 February 1914, and have a limited availability through the Arkansas Vital Records Department of the Arkansas Health Department. The Arkansas History Commission keeps an alphabetical listing of deaths in Arkansas dating from 1914 through 1949, but they do not have the actual death records. They have shared this listing of deaths with $ (Arkansas Death Index, 1914-1950)

Clark County, Arkansas records compiled by Mrs. Frank Austin Gerig. Includes some vital, property, and probate records with index.) FHL US/CAN Film 844407 Items 4-5



Clark County Court Clerk has marriage records beginning in 1821. Many of these have been microfilmed and are available through the Family History Library, Salt Lake, UT:

  • 1818 - 1987 - Marriage records, 1818-1970; indexes, 1818-1987 by Clark County (Arkansas). County Clerk. (Microfilm of original records in the Clark County courthouse; and at the Ouachita Baptist University Library, Arkadelphia, Arkansas. Indexes include Male and female indexes 1821-1975; Indexes to marriage records, v. 1-3, 1840-1987; Index to loose marriage licenses, 1818-1970. Marriage record volumes C - Z 1845 - 1931 and volumes 1 - 10 1931 - 1951. Marriage Record volumes A, B, and J are missing. Also Loose marriage licenses, 1818-1970 arranged alphabetically) 25 microfilm rolls  **This title is currently (May 2010) being digitized and indexed for inclusion in Arkansas Vital Records Index
  • Arkansas Department of Health also has marriage records dating from January 1917 and divorce records dating from January 1923.
  • 1845 - 1922 - Clark County Marriage Books C-U Index 1845-1922 in International Genealogical Index at FamilySearch - free.[9]
  • 1860 - 1976 - Arkansas Church Marriages, 1860-1976 at FamilySearch — index and images
  • 1870 - 1970 - Clark County Marriage Books F-Z, 1-10 and Loose Marriage Licenses Index 1870-1970 in Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957 at FamilySearch - free.[10]
  • 1933 - 1939 - $ Arkansas Marriage Index, 1933-1939. Original data: Vital Records Division, Arkansas Department of Health. Marriage Record Index, 1933-1939. Arkansas, USA: Arkansas Genealogical Society. Microfiche.
  • 1851 - 1900 - $ Arkansas Marriages, 1851-1900. Original data: Clark County, Arkansas Marriages, 1851 - 1875. County court records located at Arkadelphia, Arkansas. Family History Library film # (1009945 - 1009946 & 1010121-1010123)
  • 1923 - 1939 - $ Arkansas Divorce Index, 1923-1939. Original data: Arkansas Divorce Index 1923-1939. Arkansas, USA: Arkansas Genealogical Society. Microfiche.
  • Clark County, Arkansas Obituary Collection And Surrounding Howard and Pike Counties From ~ Free. From Various Funeral Homes.
  • To 1900 - Clark County, Arkansas : a genealogical source book compiled by Pauline Williams Wright, Barbara McDow Caffee (Contents: vol. 1. Marriages thru 1900; divorce petitions thru 1900; Probate records, May 1827-Oct. 1838 and more) FHL US/CAN Book 976.749 D2w v. 1 or FHL US/CAN Fiche 6010780
  • 1821 - 1837 - Clark County, Arkansas, marriage records, 1821-1879 compiled by Bobbie Jones McLane. (Contains "Deaton family of Clark Co., Arkansas." Marriages are on file in the county clerk's office at Arkadelphia, Arkansas. Includes index of brides.) FHL US/CAN Book 976.749 V29m
  • 1821 - 1837 - Clark County, Arkansas marriage records, 1821-1837 : marriage record book A, March 22, 1821 to February 12, 1837 compiled and edited by David L. Kelley. FHL US/CAN Book 976.749 V2k or FHL US/CAN Film 1750736 Item 20
  • 1873 - 1959 - Marriage licenses of Clark County, Arkansas (unclaimed) by Newberry, William L. (The dates for this vol. run from ca. 1873-1959. Names are in alphabetical order.) FHL US/CAN Book 976.749 V2n
  • 1821 - 1837 - Marriages of Clark County, Arkansas, 1821-1837 compiled by James Logan Morgan. FHL US/CAN Book 976.7 A1 no. 50
  • Records of Clark County, Arkansas by Daughters of the American Revolution (Arkansas) (Microreproduction of original typescript (58, 132 leaves) written in 1972. Includes index. Includes marriages, a cemetery (Mt. Tabor in Montgomery Co.) and bible records.) FHL US/CAN Film 907977 Item 6


  • Clark County, Arkansas : Arkadelphia & environs, a journal by James A. Fortson, recorded, 1875-1897 by Fortson, James A, 1829-1898 transcribed and edited by Linda Shaddock Rogers. (45 pages; Includes vital record information, primarily deaths. Includes full-name index.) FHL US/CAN Book 976.749 D3f


Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





  • ARGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • RootsWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Norma S. Arnold, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, ( : accessed January 11, 2016), “Clark County.”
  6. William L. Newberry, 1890 census of Clark County, Arkansas, (Arkadelphia, Arkansas: Clark County Historical Association, c1988)FHL US/CAN Book 976.749 R48n
  7. Desmond Walls Allen, Third Arkansas Union Cavalry, (Conway, Arkansas : Arkansas Research, c1987), pp. 33-92 FHL book 976.7 M28dc
  8. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012).
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  10. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.