To request editing rights on the Wiki, click here.

Choctaw County, Alabama Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to Choctaw County, Alabama ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Choctaw County, Alabama
Map of Alabama highlighting Choctaw County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the U.S. highlighting Alabama
Location of Alabama in the U.S.
Founded December 29, 1847
County Seat Butler
Choctaw County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Address Choctaw County Courthouse
117 S. Mulberry St.
Butler, AL 36904
Phone:(205) 459-2155
County Website

County Information[edit | edit source]

Choctaw County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1881 1873 1881 1871 1873 1873 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County Clerk has marriage probate and land records from 1873
Clerk Circuit Cout has court and divorce records. [2]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for the Choctaw tribe of American Indians. The County has Butler as its seat and the County was created December 29, 1847. [3]The County is located in the southwest area of the state.[4]

History[edit | edit source]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1847--Choctaw County was created 29 December 1847 from Washington and Sumter Counties.
County seat: Butler [5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

For animated maps illustrating Alabama county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Alabama County Boundary Maps" (1799-1980) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]


Choctaw County had destructive courthouse fires in 1859 and 1871. See Research in Alabama: A Genealogical Guide  page 26 for suggested alternative sources to overcome this loss.[6]

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
  • Aquilla
  • Ararat
  • Barrytown
  • Bladon Springs
  • Brightwater
  • Chapel Hill
  • Chappell Hill
  • Choctaw City
  • Contwell
  • Cromwell
  • Cyril
  • Deas
  • Edna
  • Eiler
  • Emory
  • Evansboro
  • Flatwood
  • Hinton
  • Hodgewood
  • Indian Springs
  • Isney
  • Jachin
  • Jackson Spur
  • Land
  • Lavaca
  • Little Walker
  • Lou
  • Lusk
  • Melvin
  • Mollie
  • Morgan Chapel
  • Mount Sterling
  • Naheola
  • Oakchia
  • Okatuppa
  • Old Samuel
  • Paragon
  • Pelham
  • Pleasant Hill
  • Pushmataha
  • Red Springs
  • Rescueville
  • Riderwood
  • Robjohn
  • Rock Springs
  • Slater
  • Souwilpa
  • Spring Hill
  • Thornton Springs
  • Tompkinsville
  • Turner
  • Water Valley
  • West Butler
  • Wimbly
  • Womack Hill
  • Yantley
Census-designated places

Neighboring Counties[edit | edit source]


Resources[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Choctaw, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

The following web site has additional information on Choctaw county cemeteries.

Census[edit | edit source]

For tips on accessing Choctaw County, Alabama Genealogy census records online, see: Alabama Census.

Choctaw County, Alabama
Year Pop.
1850 8,389
1860 13,877 65.4%
1870 12,676 −8.7%
1880 15,731 24.1%
1890 17,526 11.4%
1900 18,136 3.5%
1910 18,483 1.9%
1920 20,753 12.3%
1930 20,513 −1.2%
1940 20,195 −1.6%
1950 19,152 −5.2%
1960 17,870 −6.7%
1970 16,589 −7.2%
1980 16,839 1.5%
1990 16,018 −4.9%
2000 15,922 −0.6%
2010 13,859 −13.0%

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

Court[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Choctaw County, Alabama Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

Maps[edit | edit source]

SumterMarengoClarkeWashingtonLauderdale County, MSClarke County, MSWayne County, MSAL CHOCTAW.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Choctaw County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Choctaw County.

- 3rd Regiment, Alabama Cavalry, Company A, Ruffin Dragoons
- 22nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C "Brownrigg Warriors"
- 23rd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G
- 32nd Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F
- 40th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D, E and F
- 54th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company C (formerly Co. "B", 1st AL, TN, and MS Infantry)
- 54th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company F (formerly Co. "F", 1st AL, TN, and MS Infantry)

Online Records

World War I[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Finding More Alabama Newspapers[edit source]

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Choctaw County, Alabama Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Probate records are held by the Choctaw County, Alabama Genealogy Probate Court. Most records are housed at the Choctaw County, Alabama Genealogy Courthouse. Many records are on microfilm at the Family History Library.

See the wiki page Alabama Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, dower records, personal property sales, settlement records, orphans’ records, and bonds.

Online Probate Records

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 - U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry $. Choctaw County is in District 1.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama. See also How to order Alabama Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]
1916 - Choctaw County Birth Index 1916. Batch C545611 at FamilySearch - free.[12]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
  • 1936–1969 Alabama, Marriage Collection, 1800–1969 at Ancestry$. This collection is comprised of indexes created by several agencies - the Alabama Center for Health Statistics, Jordan Dodd of Liahona Research, and Hunting For Bears.
Death[edit | edit source]
  • 1881–1974 Index to Deaths and Burials at Ancestry $. The number of available records can vary widely by county, and this database does not necessarily represent a comprehensive set of death records for the state during this time.

1908-59] at Ancestry $

Voting Registers[edit | edit source]

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Choctaw County has two books:

Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Choctaw County Genealogical Society
4244 County Rd. 43
Butler, AL
The Choctaw County Genealogical Society

Choctaw County Historical and Genealogical Society & Choctaw County Historical Museum
P. O. Box 162
Gilbertown, AL

Choctaw Choctaw County Public Library
Choctaw County, Alabama Some Sources For Research

Family History Center
[edit | edit source]

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

    • Family History Center
    • 21290 Highway 17
      Gilbertown, Choctaw, Alabama, United States
      Phone: 205-673-2344
      Hours: W 10am-3pm; and by appointment.
      Closed: Weeks of major holidays.

Find a Family History Center

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Choctaw County, Alabama. Page 36 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 33.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Choctaw County p. 36. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Choctaw County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, 06/02/2017.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Choctaw, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 06/02/2017.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Marilyn Davis Barefield, Researching in Alabama: a Genealogical Guide (Birmingham, Alabama : Birmingham Public Library, 1998), 25. At various libraries (WorldCat). FHL Book 976.1 D27b 1998.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Choctaw County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 7 October 2018.
  8. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. 
  9. through 1960
  10. Columbia-Lippincott Gazeteer. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1952) p. 403
  11. 2006 World Almanac, p. 525
  12. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at