Chippewa County, Michigan Genealogy

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United States
Michigan Genealogy
Chippewa County

Guide to Chippewa County, Michigan ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Chippewa County, Michigan
Map of the U.S. highlighting Michigan
Location of Michigan in the U.S.
Founded February 1, 1827
County Seat Sault Sainte Marie
Address Chippewa County Courthouse
319 Court St.
Sault Sainte Marie, MI 49783
Phone: (906) 635-6300
Chippewa County Website

County Information


The County was named for the Ojibwe people. The County has Sault Ste. Marie as its seat and the County was created December 22, 1826. The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[1]

Chippewa County, Michigan Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1869 1868 1870 1820 1826 1828

County Courthouse

County Clerk has birth records from 1869, marriage records from 1868,
death records from 1870, divorce records from 1891 and court records.
Probate Court has probate records.
Register of Deeds has land records. [3]


Parent County

1827--Chippewa County was created 1 February 1827 from Mackinac County.
County seat: Sault Sainte Marie [4]

Boundary Changes

See COUNTY EVOLUTION IN MICHIGAN, 1790-1897 by Richard W. Welch for the development of the counties in the state. This will help you to determine place of residence of your ancestors and under whose civil jurisdiction they resided. It is also useful for when you start to read the census records.
For animated maps illustrating Michigan county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Michigan County Boundary Maps" (1790-1897) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places

  • City: Sault Ste. Marie
  • Village: De Tour Village
  • Townships: Bay Mills . Bruce . Chippewa . Dafter . Detour . Drummond . Hulbert . Kinross . Pickford . Raber . Rudyard . Soo . Sugar Island . Superior . Trout Lake . Whitefish
  • Communities: Barbeau . Bay Mills . Bay Mills Indian Community . Brimley . Dafter . Drummond . Keldon . Kincheloe . Paradise . Pickford . Rudyard . Stirlingville

Neighboring Counties

Luce • Mackinac |

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Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
USGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
MIGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Michigan Cemeteries for more information.


State Census


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Michigan denominations, view the Michigan Church Records wiki page.


Emigration and Immigration


Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Michigan Land and Property for additional information about early Michigan land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Chippewa County, Michigan Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Michigan Local Histories.


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Civil War

Civil War service men from Chippewa County served in various regiments. Men often joined a regiment or a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are the military units that were formed in or had many men from Chippewa County.



Finding More Michigan Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Chippewa County, Michigan Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:



In most counties in Michigan, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate packets, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Michigan, Chippewa and search for Probate records in the list.

Note: Not every county in Michigan will have Probate Records in the FamilySearch Catalog.

Online Probate Records


Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased as shown below:

Birth Records and Death Records from the Michigan Department of Community Health (from 1867) or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.
Marriage Records (from 1867) and Divorce Records (from 1897) from the County Clerk.


Societies and Libraries

Chippewa County Historical Society
PO Box 342
115 Ashmund Street
Sault Ste. Marie 49783
Telephone: 906-635-7082
Fax: 906-635-9280

Pickford Area Historical Society
PO Box 572
Pickford, MI 49744
Telephone: 906-647-2045

DeTour Passage Historical Museum
PO BOx 111
De Tour, MI 49725
Telephone: 906-297-3404

Chippewa County Genealogical Society
Facebook Home

Bay Mills - Brimley Historical Research Society
PO Box 274
Brimley 49715
Telephone: 906-248-3665

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Chippewa County, Michigan" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Michigan."
  2. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 369-384. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Chippewa County, Michigan page 344, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).