Chaves County, New Mexico Genealogy

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United States
New Mexico
Chaves County

Guide to Chaves County, New Mexico ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Roswell
Organized: February 25, 1889
Parent County(s): Lincoln[1]
Neighboring Counties
De Baca  • Eddy  • Lea  • Lincoln  • Otero  • Roosevelt
See County Maps
Courthouse
NewMexicoChavesCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Nm-chaves.png
Adoption

County Information

Description

Chaves county is in the southeastern portion of New Mexico. Roswell, the county seat. Formed Feb. 25 1889 from part of Lincoln County.[2] Chaves County was named for Colonel Jose Francisco Chaves, a military leader here during the U.S. Civil War and later in Navajo campaigns.[3]

County Courthouse

Chaves County Courthouse
401 N Main Street
Roswell, NM 88201-4726
Phone: 505.624.6614
Chaves County Website

County Clerk has marriage, land and military records from 1900;
District Court Clerk has probate records from 1900, divorce and court records.[1]

Chaves County, New Mexico Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1907 1900 1907 #5 1900 1900 1790

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Chaves County, New Mexico:[5]

City

  • Roswell (county seat)
  • Towns[edit]
  • Dexter
  • Hagerman
  • Lake Arthur

Unincorporated communities

  • Dunken
  • Elk
  • Elkins
  • Greenfield
  • Mesa

Census-designated place

  • Midway

History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Chaves County, New Mexico online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See New Mexico Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 16,850
1920 12,075 −28.3%
1930 19,549 61.9%
1940 23,980 22.7%
1950 40,605 69.3%
1960 57,649 42.0%
1970 43,335 −24.8%
1980 51,103 17.9%
1990 57,849 13.2%
2000 61,382 6.1%
2010 65,645 6.9%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Federal Census Records
Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.

State Census Records

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Chaves County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Nmchaves.jpg

Migration

Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers


Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the Wiki page, New Mexico Vital Records, for additional information about the vital records in New Mexico.

Marriage records - are at the County Clerk's office

Divorce records - are at the office of the County Clerk of Court

Birth and death records - are at the New Mexico Vital Records and Health Statistics Office which has records since 1920 and delayed records since 1880.

See also How to order New Mexico Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for New Mexico Birth Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

Historical Society For Southeast New Mexico
200 N Lea Ave
Roswell, NM 88201
Telephone: 575-622-8333
Website

Chaves County Genealogical Society
PO Box 51
Roswell, New Mexico, 88201

Chaves County Genealogy and History Societies
Florence Hamilton
807 N. Missouri
Roswell, New Mexico, 88201
Telephone: 505-624-2477

Roswell Historical Society
100 West 11th Street
Roswell, New Mexico, 88201

Websites

Research Guides

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), New Mexico.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. http://genealogytrails.com/newmex/chaves/historyoverview.html accessed 09/29/2016
  3. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaves_County,_New_Mexico accessed 10/31/2016
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Chaves County, New Mexico. Page 472 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 470.
  5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chaves_County,_New_Mexico#Communities