United States Census
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Beginners' Corner[edit | edit source]
For a more complete beginning introduction, see U. S. Census Records Class Handout.
Contents by Federal Census Years[edit | edit source]
Key U.S. Census Indexes and Images Internet Links[edit | edit source]
Value of Censuses[edit | edit source]
A census is a count and description of the population of a country,state, county, or city for a given date. Census lists are also called “schedules." In the United States a nationwide census has been taken every ten years since 1790. A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to:
Contents of Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]
Finding Census Records[edit | edit source]
Censuses in U.S. States[edit | edit source]
Censuses in U.S. Territories[edit | edit source]
Key Reference Sources[edit | edit source]
- Map Guide to U.S. Federal Censuses 1790-1920  Shows county boundary changes in each state from 1790 to 1920, and which census areas were lost or still exist.
- The Census Book: a Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes: with Master Extraction Forms for Federal Census Schedules, 1790-1930  An online edition is at HeritageQuestOnline. Discusses indexes, regular, and non-population schedules.
- Censuses and Tax Lists  Strategies for finding elusive ancestors, and history of indexing.
- Census Class Video 
- State and Special Census Video 
- Heads of Households Only Video 
- United States Census, 1890 - FamilySearch Historical Records
- Publications of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 1917. NATA T825
References[edit | edit source]
- United States. Bureau of the Census.Publications of the Census, 1790-1916.
- Caroll D. Wright. The history and growth of the United States census: prepared for the Senate Committee on the Census.Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office (United States), 1900. FHL 973 X2w
- William Stull Holt. The Bureau of the Census: its history, activities, and organization.Washington: Brookings Institution, 1929.reprint.New York, New York: AMS Press, 1974. FHL 973 B4b v.53
- United States Bureau of the Census. A Century of population growth from the first census of the United States to the twelfth, 1790-1900. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office., 1909. FHL 973 X2x
- William Dollarhide. The census book: a genealogist's guide to federal census facts, schedules, and indexes; with master extraction forms for federal census schedules, 1790-1930. Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999. FHL 973 X27d
- William Dollarhide. Map guide to the U.S. Federal censuses, 1790-1920.Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1987. FHL 973 X2th
- Katherine H. Davidson and Charlotte M. Ashby.Preliminary inventory of the records of the Bureau of the Census: record group 29.Washington, D.C.: National Archives & Records Administration, 1964. FHL 973 X23da digital images
- Margo Anderson.The American census: a social history.New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1988. FHL 973 X4am
- William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to U.S. Federal Censuses 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987) [FHL Book 973 X2th].
- William Dollarhide, The Census Book: a Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes: with Master Extraction Forms for Federal Census Schedules, 1790-1930. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999)[FHL book 973 X27d].
- G. David Dilts, "Censuses and Tax Lists" in Kory L. Meyerink, ed., Printed Sources: a Guide to Published Genealogical Records (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1998), 300-52. [FHL Book 016.9293 P96m]
- Tiffany Perkins, Tiff's Census Class (27 minute online video) FamilySearch Research Classes OnlineMid-Continent Public Library, Midwest Genealogy Center, 2010.
- Gary Toms, State and Special Census Records (36 minute online video) FamilySearch Research Classes OnlineMid-Continent Public Library, Midwest Genealogy Center, 2010.
- Angela McComas, Heads of Household Only: Analysis of Pre-1850 Federal Census (19 minute online video) FamilySearch Research Classes OnlineMid-Continent Public Library, Midwest Genealogy Center, 2010.