United States Census
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Beginners' Corner[edit | edit source]
For a more complete beginning introduction, see U. S. Census Records Class Handout.
Value of Censuses[edit | edit source]
A census is a count and description of the population of a country,state, county, or city for a given date. Census lists are also called “schedules." In the United States a nationwide census has been taken every ten years since 1790. A well-indexed census is one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor lived and when they lived there. You can also use censuses to:
United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
Additional Online Links[edit | edit source]
Contents of the Censuses[edit | edit source]
- United States Bureau of the Census. 200 years of U.S. census taking: population and housing questions, 1790-1990.
- Blank forms for each U.S. census year
State Census Pages[edit | edit source]
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York, United States Genealogy
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- West Virginia
U. S. Territories[edit | edit source]
- American Samoa
- District of Columbia
- Guam Genealogy
- Northern Mariana Islands
- Puerto Rico
- Virgin Islands
County Copies of Population Schedules[edit | edit source]
Nonpopulation Census Schedules[edit | edit source]
- United States Census Records Nonpopulation Census Schedules-1820,1850-1880
- United States Census Agricultural Schedules
- United States Census Defective Schedules
- United States Census Manufacturing Schedules
- United States Census Mortality Schedules
- United States Census Social Statistics Schedules
Additional Resources[edit | edit source]
- State and Special Census Records (36 minute online video)
- Heads of Household Only: Analysis of Pre-1850 Federal Census (19 minute online video)
- United States Census Videos on FamilySearch.org
- Map Guide to U.S. Federal Censuses 1790-1920  Shows county boundary changes in each state from 1790 to 1920, and which census areas were lost or still exist.
- The Census Book: a Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes: with Master Extraction Forms for Federal Census Schedules, 1790-1930  An online edition is at HeritageQuestOnline. Discusses indexes, regular, and non-population schedules.
- Censuses and Tax Lists  Strategies for finding elusive ancestors, and history of indexing.
- Publications of the Bureau of the Census, 1790 - 1917. NARA T825
- United States. Bureau of the Census. Publications of the Census, 1790-1916.
- Caroll D. Wright. The history and growth of the United States census: prepared for the Senate Committee on the Census. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office (United States), 1900. FHL 973 X2w
- William Stull Holt. The Bureau of the Census: its history, activities, and organization. Washington: Brookings Institution, 1929.reprint.New York, New York: AMS Press, 1974. FHL 973 B4b v.53
- United States Bureau of the Census. A Century of population growth from the first census of the United States to the twelfth, 1790-1900. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office., 1909. FHL 973 X2x
- William Dollarhide. The census book: a genealogist's guide to federal census facts, schedules, and indexes; with master extraction forms for federal census schedules, 1790-1930. Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999. FHL 973 X27d
- William Dollarhide. Map guide to the U.S. Federal censuses, 1790-1920.Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1987. FHL 973 X2th
- Katherine H. Davidson and Charlotte M. Ashby. Preliminary inventory of the records of the Bureau of the Census: record group 29.Washington, D.C.: National Archives & Records Administration, 1964. FHL 973 X23da digital images
- Margo Anderson. The American census: a social history. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press, 1988. FHL 973 X4am
References[edit | edit source]
- William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to U.S. Federal Censuses 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publ., 1987) [FHL Book 973 X2th].
- William Dollarhide, The Census Book: a Genealogist's Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes: with Master Extraction Forms for Federal Census Schedules, 1790-1930. (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999)[FHL book 973 X27d].
- G. David Dilts, "Censuses and Tax Lists" in Kory L. Meyerink, ed., Printed Sources: a Guide to Published Genealogical Records (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1998), 300-52. [FHL Book 016.9293 P96m]