Carroll County, Virginia Genealogy

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Guide to Carroll County, Virginia ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

Carroll County, Virginia
Boundary map of Carroll County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Carroll County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Founded 1842
County Seat Hillsville

Southwest Virginia county.

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Carroll County is located in the Southwestern portion of the Commonwealth of Virginia and shares a border with North Carolina. Carroll County was named in honor of Charles Carroll, a signer of the Declaration of Independence[1].

Carroll County Virginia Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Carroll County, Virginia
P O Box 218
Hillsville, Virginia 24343-0515
Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1842-1896,
marriage, divorce, probate and land records from 1842[2]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1842 1842 1853 1842 1842 1842 1810
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1912.
General compliance year is unknown.

Carroll County Virginia History[edit | edit source]

Charles Carroll (1737-1832)

The county is named after Charles Carroll (1737-1832), a signer of the Declaration of Independence.[4]

Parent County[edit | edit source]

1842--Carroll County was created 17 January 1842 from Grayson and Patrick Counties.
County seat: Hillsville [5]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

  • Lost census: 1890

Places/Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6] Carroll County

Unincorporated communities
  • Sylvatus
Census-designated places

Carroll County Virginia Genealogy Resources[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

  • A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Carroll County. The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 7, No. 1 (Jan.-Mar. 1963):33-35. FHL. CD available at: American Ancestors ($).

African American[edit | edit source]

  • Search the Library of Virginia's Virginia Untold collection for digitized records related to African Americans in Carroll County.

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
VAGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
VAGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
Billion Graves
See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.

Census[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 5,909
1860 8,012 35.6%
1870 9,147 14.2%
1880 13,323 45.7%
1890 15,497 16.3%
1900 19,303 24.6%
1910 21,116 9.4%
1920 21,283 0.8%
1930 22,141 4.0%
1940 25,904 17.0%
1950 26,695 3.1%
1960 23,178 −13.2%
1970 23,092 −0.4%
1980 27,270 18.1%
1990 26,594 −2.5%
2000 29,245 10.0%
2010 30,042 2.7%
Source: "".

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Quaker[edit | edit source]

Early monthly meetings (with years of existence):

  • Goodspur Monthly Meeting (1790-1800) aka Dugspur[7]
  • Road Creek Monthly Meeting (1802-1810)[7]
  • Ward's Gap Monthly Meeting, Hillsville, Va. (1795-1825)[7]

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Library of Virginia's Chancery Court Index includes digital images for Caroll County chancery records for the years 1842-1913.

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

Compiled Genealogies by Surname

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

  • Carroll 1765-1815, the Settlements: A History of the First Fifty Years of Carroll County, Virginia. c1985. By John Perry Alderman. n.p.: Central Va. Newspapers. Online at: Ebook Download ($). Table of contents and appendices online at: Evergreen Indiana Library Consortium. Available at FHL.
  • Foot Prints on the Sands of Time. 1900. By Dr. A. B. Cox. Sparta, NC : The Star Pub Co. Online at: Internet Archive.
  • The Mountain Massacre. c1930. Bluefield, WV : Country Life. Online at: Internet Archive, Google Books.
  • Virginia County Names : Two Hundred and Seventy Years of Virginia History. 1908. By Charles M. Long, MA, PhD. Online at: Internet Archive. See pgs 114-115 for Carroll County.

Maps[edit | edit source]

Radford (Independent City)Galax (Independent City)Pulaski CountyFloyd CountyPatrick CountyGrayson CountyWythe CountySurry CountyVA CARROLL.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military Records and History[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War[edit | edit source]
  • Revolutionary War Pension Applications of Southwest Virginia Soldiers. 1997. By Mary B. Kegley. n.p.: M.B. Kegley. FHL Collection
War of 1812[edit | edit source]
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. See Vol. 5, Virginia, Carroll County, p. 67.
Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Service men in Carroll County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Carroll County, Virginia Genealogy:

- 4th Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry and Infantry) (Confederate). Company D.[8]
- 22nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Bowen's Virginia Mounted Riflemen) (Confederate). Company G.
- 24th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company C (Carroll Boys).[9]
- 25th Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company F.[10]
- 29th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company C (Carroll Marksmen), Company D (Rifle Rangers), and Company E.[11]
- 30th Battalion, Virginia Sharpshooters (Clarke's) (Confederate). Company E.[12]
- 37th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Dunn's Battalion, Partisan Rangers) (Confederate). Company D and Company I.[13]
- 45th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company E (Rough and Readys) and Company I (Reed Island Rifles).[14]
- 47th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company C.[15]
- 50th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company I.[16]
- 54th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company G.[17]
- 63rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (McMahon's) (Confederate). Company G.[18]

Records and histories are available, including:

World War II[edit | edit source]

Miscellaneous Records[edit | edit source]

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Carroll County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Online Carroll County, Virginia Tax Lists
Type Index Images
Free FHC Fee Free FHC Fee
Personal Property 1842 - - - 1842 -
Personal Property - - - - 1843-1850 -


  • 1842 Carroll County, Virginia Personal Property Tax List; index online at New River Notes.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Indexes to Carroll County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Birth[edit | edit source]
Marriage[edit | edit source]
Divorce[edit | edit source]
Death[edit | edit source]
Vital Record Substitutes[edit | edit source]

Carroll County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Carroll County Historical Society and Museum.
515 North Main Street
Hillsville, VA 24343
Phone: (276) 728 – 4113

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Carroll County Virginia Genealogy Websites[edit | edit source]

Carroll County Virginia Genealogy References[edit | edit source]

  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Carroll County, Virginia. Page 711 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Carroll County, Virginia . Page 710-723 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 715-720.
  4. Wikipedia Contributors, "Charles Carroll of Carrollton," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 13 January 2012.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Carroll_ County,_Virginia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Virginia accessed 19 Decamber 2019.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Jay Worrall, The Friendly Virginians: America's First Quakers (Athens, Ga.: Iberian Publishing Company, 1994), 537-539. FHL Book 975.5 K2wj.
  8. The Virginia State Line: Organizational Structure of the Virginia State Line,, accessed 11 June 2012.
  9. Ralph White Gunn, 24th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 34.
  10. Dobbie E. Lambert, 25th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 106.
  11. John Perry Alderman, 29th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 53.
  12. Michael West, 30th Battalion Virginia Sharpshooters (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 108.
  13. J.L. Scott, 36th and 37th Battalions Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1986). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 24.
  14. J.L. Scott, 45th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 58.
  15. Richard L. Armstrong, 26th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1994). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 110.
  16. John C. Chapla, 50th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1997). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 129.
  17. George L. Sherwood and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 54th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1993). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 91.
  18. Jeffrey C. Weaver, 63rd Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1991). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 76.
  19. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at