Capulin, Union County, New Mexico, Settlers
Located 28 miles east of Raton and - miles west of Clayton. Inhabited in ancient times by Folsom Man, later by Comanches and Kiowas. It was a site on their trade route to annual fairs in Taos, Picuris and Pecos Pueblos. The Pueblo Native Americans used the site to stage their buffalo hunts. The Spanish/Mexican sheep herders knew this area long before the French fur traders. Wagon trains later stopped here on their way to Rayado. New Mexicans started building adobe structures, here, shortly after the Civil War. They raised sheep, goats, chickens, chili, beans, onions and alfalfa. Once a year they would make the trip to Rayado or Trinidad to buy supplies (flour, salt, sugar) and get married or baptize babies. Then came the era where ranchers in Texas saw there was open range, and few homesteadrs thought the land worth settling. Eventually they were ordered evacuated by presidential edict to pave the way for the railroad, nestor and settlement. The development of cattle ranches brought horse thieves and rustlers. Stockmen met at Capulin or Trincherita on the Dry Cimarron, to pass resolutions in an effort to stop the outlaws (Raton Comet, December 20, 1884). This was followed by oil speculators in the 1920's.
Capulin recognized all the county seats of Colfax County, and became part of Union County when it was formed in 1912. The first Capulin Post Office was first established on December 22 1879 and closed on August 23, 1880. A new section of town was being built along the railroad right of way. The old Capulin ceased to function, the people moved to the new town. The new post office opened on May 12, 1909. Changed to Dedman during the arrival of the Railroad, it is said Mr. Deadman asked Homer Farr, postmaster, to name the new town after him. The name "Capulin" was restored in the spring of 1922. The community started to decline about 1939, people and business moved to Des Moines, Raton, and other places. There was a National Monument established at Capulin Mountain.
Sources: 1. The Capulin, New Mexico Story by Father Stanley, December 1970.
Reprinted in Colfax Communities by William Carroll, Coda Publications 2006.
Book available at the Arthur Johnson Memorial Library in Raton, NM., or through the inter library loan system
with your local library. Consult World cataloguing system by clicking here.
The following is an alphabetical surname list of interesting persons listed in this story.
J.T. Abernathy; John Acre; Rufus Acre; C.F. Adams, station; Orrie Alman and family; Candido Archuleta; Joseph Arleo;
Owen Baker and family; Ray Baker and family; Jeff Baldwin, proprietor "Capulin Hotel"; Pete Barnes and family;
Bob Barton, cattleman; Rev. T.M. Blacklock; Mr. Branscun; Schachlette Brewer; Marina Brotherton;
E.C. Bruington and family; Burnam, raton superintendent of schools; Evelyn Burton; Andy Bussell;
Ira Carpenter, boxer; Maude Carpenter, teacher; Mr. Carter, blind musician; Gertie Cato; Joe Chavez; Juanita Chaves;
Grack Click and family; J.M. Click, merchant; N.H. Click and family; Roy Coffey and family; Oscar Colton, constable;
M.M. Cottrell and family; G.C. Culberson, auditor; Mrs. Currey; Jennie Lews Cyprus, play director; Miss Cyprus, teacher;
Charles Davis, mail runner Capulin/Troyburg; Rev. W.E. Dawn; Berna Dean; E.J. Dedman, superintendent of local railroad;
Sherman Depew and family; Mr. Dorn, cream station; B.F. Drew and family, merchant, cattleman;
J.B. Dyer, president Capulin Mercantile Co.;
Mr. Earl, music teacher; Mrs. Earl, drugstore; Mr. Everett and family; C.D. Ewing and family;
Henry Fariely and family; Homer Farr, merchant, lumber yard, postmaster, justice of the peace, custodian of Mt. Capulin,
started newspaper "Dedman Developer, mayor; Velma Farr; Everett Favor; Royce Favor; Mr. Frederick;
Prudencio Garcia; Mr. Grady; H.S.Gratz, cattleman; Gladys Griffith; Billy Groves; George Groves and family;
Sam Hadad, general store; M. Hanson and family; Odis Hartwig and family; Dr. Hawthorne, doctor; Bill Heck;
James D. Hemphill, farmer; Carl Hennigan, boxer referee; Angel Heyden; Bernel Holingsworth and family;
Myrtle Hyer, cafe owner; T.E. Hyer and family;
W.E. Inlow and family;
W.H. Jack, Crow Foot Ranch, Mrs. first custodian of Mt. Capulin; Jesse Jackson, constable candidate;
J.H. Jackson, general manager Capulin Mercantile; Katherine Jennings; Lee Johnson and family;
Ralph W. Jones, postmaster;
Michael Kelleher; John B. King; Prof. Krigbaum, teacher; Addy Kroft/Kropf and family;
Gertrude Laughlin; Howard Laughlin and family; Ruth Laughlin, teacher; Curtis Lawhorn; John Lewis and family;
Dan Lonchard; Don Celso Lopez; Nicolas Lujan;
Rev. Maddox; Earl Malcolm, Farr partner; J.T. Malcolm, farmer; Charles E. Malcon, realtor; Mr. Mancon, band director;
A.M. and Lena Dilisio Marshall and family; Russell Martin; George McCormick, cattleman; Bob McDowell;
J.J. McDowell and family; Earl McQueary and family; Bessie Mellon; J.C. Miller, cattleman; S.J. Miller, leased hotel;
James Milligan, footbal umpire; W. K. Mock and family, cafe owner; Solomon Montoya; Margaret Moss;
Dr. Mumey, doctor;
Elmer Newton and family; Gertrude Ella Newton, postmaster; Henry Newton; Lawrence W. Newton, postmaster;
Robert L. Newton, postmaster, partner in hardware and lumber company; Herbert Nicholson and family;
Clell Norwood, hardware and lumber company; Owen Norwood; Don Noyes; Henry Noyes;
Guadalupe Olivas; A.W. Oliver, justice of the peace; D.T. Owen; Edna Owen; Lavonia Owens;
Hose A. Pena; Carroll Pervis; Walter Jack Pierson; Walter Jack Pinson and family; Bobby Sam Pittard;
Charles Pittard and family; Elizabeth Pittard; Gertrude Pittard; William Pittard; A.C. Preston, teacher;
Bob and Hattie Profitt and family; Charles Profitt; Lucille Profitt (Gore); Carrell Purvis;
Ellen Raught; T.J. Roberson; Ray Roberts; T.J. Robinson/Roberson, drugstore;
R.O. Sager; Geneva Seargeant; B.C. Shacklett; Fay Shaw, teacher; Marion Shaw; W.M. Shaw and family, store;
H.C. Salyer, treasurer Capulin Mercantile; Ethel Shackette; C.E. Shacklett and family; Ed Shearer and family;
Mrs. W.A. Sheldon; Ethel Shelton and family; Evelyn Shelton, teacher; Orville Shelton; J.L. Shoemaker;
L.D. Shoemaker and family; Mrs. Short; J.W. Simmons and family; J.A. Small, judge; Virgil Smith, boxer;
George Sneed and family; Mr. Snyder, rancher; John R. Stuyvestant, first postmaster; Mrs. Sutton, teacher;
Jack Tabor; Mr. Thomas, manager 101 ranch; Everett Toothman and family; Rev. Travillion;
Jose B. Vasquez; H.E. Vincent and family;
Ray Waggoner; Fae Wagner, teacher; F.M. White and family; G.A. White; Robert White; Ruby White; Mrs. Wiley;
H.A. Wilhelm; Allen B. Williams, superintendent of schools; W.B. Williams and family; Rocky Wilson; Elsie Winn;
Marshall Winn; Wright family;
Dan E. Young, cattleman;
Cemetery information, click here.