Canada Colonial Records

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French Colonization (1534-1763)[edit | edit source]

The French planted a cross in the Gaspé Peninsula in 1534 and claimed the land in the name of Francis I, creating a region called "Canada" the following summer. There were four French and Indian Wars and two additional wars in Acadia and Nova Scotia between the Thirteen American Colonies and New France from 1688 to 1763. As part of the terms of the Treaty of Paris (1763), signed after the defeat of New France in the Seven Years' War, France renounced its claims to territory in mainland North America, except for fishing rights off Newfoundland and the two small islands of Saint Pierre and Miquelon where its fishermen could dry their fish. [1]

Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records
La population du Canada en 1666 : recensement reconstitué at FamilySearch Catalog - images 1666 Census records French Residents of Quebec
Le recensement nominatif du Canada en 1681 : [The nominal census of Canada in 1681 at FamilySearch Catalog - images 1681 Census records French Residents of Quebec

British Colonization (1763-1867)[edit | edit source]

Following the Treaty of Paris, King George III issued the Royal Proclamation of 1763. The proclamation organized Great Britain's new North American empire. The Seventy-Two Resolutions from the 1864 Quebec Conference and Charlottetown Conference laid out the framework for uniting British colonies in North America into a federation. They had been adopted by the majority of the provinces of Canada and became the basis for the London Conference of 1866, which led to the formation of the Dominion of Canada on July 1, 1867. [2]

Record collection Years covered Record type Language Who is in the records
The Prerogative Court of Canterbury (PCC), 1384-1858 1631-1857 Wills English Until 1858, all wills had to be proved by the church and other courts. Most of the individuals in these records were relatively wealthy.
British Armed Forces and Overseas Births and Baptisms, Canada at FindMyPast - index and images ($) 1761-2005 Births and baptisms English Children born to those working within the armed forces, merchant navy, and consular forces, as well as, civilian ship passengers.
British Armed Forces and Overseas Banns and Marriages, Canada at FindMyPast - index and images ($) 1796-2005 Banns and marriages English British armed forces members and civilians who were married abroad and at sea
British Armed Forces and Overseas Deaths and Burials, Canada at FindMyPast - index and images ($) 1814-2005 Deaths and burials English Members of the British armed forces who died while serving their country overseas, British civilians who died while traveling or working overseas, and individuals (including seaman) who died at sea.
British Civil Service Evidence Of Age at FindMyPast - index ($) 1827-1935 Civil Service applications and paperwork English Individuals who worked for, or applied to join, the British Civil Service.
UK, Foreign and Overseas Registers of British Subjects, 1628-1969, Canada at Ancestry - index ($) 1892-1951 Birth, baptism, marriage, death, and burial records English Records in this collection come from a variety of sources. Events include both British and non-British nationals
Canada Census, 1851 at FamilySearch - index 1851 Census records English Residents of Canada
Canada Deaths and Burials, 1664-1955 at FamilySearch - index 1664-1955 Deaths and burials English Canadians
Canada Marriages, 1661-1949 at FamilySearch - index 1661-1949 Marriages English Canadians
Canada, Lower Canada Census, 1825 at FamilySearch - index and images 1825 Census records English and French Residents of Quebec
Canada, Lower Canada Census, 1831 at FamilySearch - index and images 1831 Census records English and French Residents of Quebec
Canada, Lower Canada Census, 1842 at FamilySearch - index and images 1841 Census records English and French Residents of Quebec
Canada, Upper Canada Census, 1842 at FamilySearch - index and images 1842 Census records English and French Residents of Ontario
Canadian Headstones at FamilySearch - index 1790-2013 Tombstone records English Canadians
Canada Births and Baptisms, 1661-1959 at FamilySearch - index 1661-1959 Births and Baptisms English Canadians

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Canada," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Canada#Canada_under_French_rule, accessed 18 November 2020.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "History of Canada," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Canada#Canada_under_British_rule, accessed 18 November 2020.