California Indian Agency (California)
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency
The California Agency was officially established in 1947 with a statewide jurisdiction, except for reservations along the Colorado River. However, records have been filed under the California Agency name for as early as 1907 (see below). It may be that the records listed apply to the Sacramento Agency. In 1950, the California Agency was replaced by the Sacramento Area Office.
Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value (for the tribe and tribal members) were created by and maintained by the agencies.
A few administrative records of the California Agency, 1924-1949, are in the Pacific Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration in San Francisco, including Indian family assistance case records, 1924-1948. Many of the records for the Indians under this jurisdiction are in the same NARA Archives, filed under the Sacramento Agency.
Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1907 thru 1915. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 12-14. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 573858-573860). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.
- Guide to Archival Holdings, Pacific Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), San Francisco, Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs Available online
- Guide to Federal Records, Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, available online.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 595, p. 51
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online