California Census

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Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

California became the thirty-first state admitted to the Union in September 9, 1850. It was not included in the federal censu before that date.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1850 1860 1870 1880 1890
1900 1910 1920 1930 1940

Non-Population Schedules for California[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1850 Agriculture$) — index and images
1850 Industry$) — index and images
1850 Mortality$) — index and images
1860 Agriculture$) — index and images
1860 Industry$) — index and images
1860 Mortality$) — index and images
1870 Agriculture$) — index and images
1870 Industry$) — index and images
1870 Mortality$) — index and images
1880 Agriculture$) — index and images
1880 Defective$) — index and images
1880 Industry$) — index and images
1880 Mortality$) — index and images

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Year Type of Census Links
1852 State, head of household FamilySearch — index and images$) — index and images

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

United States, Native American, Census Rolls, 1885-1940 California, census records : pre-statehood census, 1796-1798
Indian census rolls, Colorado River, 1885-1940 Indian census rolls, Fort Bidwell, 1915-1930
Indian census rolls, Fort Yuma, 1905-1935 Indian census rolls, Hoopa Valley, 1885-1939
Indians census rolls, Digger, 1899-1904 and 1915-1920 Indians census rolls, Greenville, 1916-1923

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service