California, Northern U.S. District Court Naturalization Index (FamilySearch Historical Records)
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California, Northern U.S. District Court Naturalization Index, 1852 - 1989
|This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.|
|California, United States|
|Flag of the United States of America|
|US Flag 1851-1858 (31 stars)|
|Seal of the National Archives|
|Record Type||Naturalization Card Index|
|Record Group||RG 21: Records of the District Courts of the United States|
|Microfilm Publication||M1744. Index to Naturalization in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California,1852-ca. 1989.|
|National Archives Identifier||2524850 350|
|National Archives and Records Administration|
- 1 What is in This Collection?
- 2 What Can These Records Tell Me?
- 3 Collection Content
- 4 How Do I Search This Collection?
- 5 What Do I Do Next?
- 6 Known Issues With This Collection
- 7 Citing This Collection
- 8 How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
What is in This Collection?
This collection is a card index to naturalization records in the circuit and district courts of California for the years 1852 to 1989. The cards are arranged alphabetically by surname.
The index is very accurate and the information that was current at the time of naturalization was usually reliable. However, there was always a chance for misinformation. Errors may have occurred because of the informant’s lack of knowledge or because of transcription errors or other circumstances.
The following collections are covered by this index:
- Duplicate Certificates of Citizenship, 1852-1906 NAID 2524822
- Naturalization Depositions, 1907-1963 NAID 2602672
- Applications for Repatriation, 1936-1969 NAID 2601974
- Petitions for Naturalization Transferred from Other Courts, 9/21/1952-8/23/1990 NAID 627696
- Petitions for Naturalization,10/23/1903-9/17/1991 NAID 605234
The naturalization volumes vary in size and format. Prior to the late 1800s each document was usually handwritten on one page. From the late 1800s and on, printed forms were used. After 1906, many entries were typewritten. While there were various types of naturalization records, the Declaration of Intent and Naturalization Petition usually had the most complete genealogical information. The first naturalization act was passed in 1802. Immigrants to the United States were not required to apply for citizenship. Of those who did apply, many did not complete the requirements for citizenship. Naturalization to become a U.S. citizen was a two-part process: the Declaration of Intent to Naturalize, or First Papers, and the Naturalization Record (including the Naturalization Petition), or Final Papers. The First Papers were normally filed five years before the Final Papers because of the five-year residency requirement to become a citizen.
No centralized files existed before 1906. In 1906 federal forms replaced the various formats that had been used by the various courts. Copies were sent to the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), creating a central file for naturalization papers. The INS is now known as the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Naturalization records are generally well preserved, but some records may have been lost to fire or other disasters. Naturalization is the process of granting citizenship privileges and responsibilities to foreign-born residents. California’s counties recorded naturalization procedures in the court records as legal proof of citizenship. The courts handling naturalizations changed several times so the card index was created as a way to quickly access specific records.
To Browse This Collection
|You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for California, Northern U.S. District Court Naturalization Index, 1852-1989.|
What Can These Records Tell Me?
Index cards generally include:
Declaration of intent and naturalization petitions may include:
In post-1906 records, you may also find:
How Do I Search This Collection?
Before searching this collection, it is helpful to know:
- The full name of your ancestor
- The approximate immigration and naturalization dates
If you do not know this information, check the 1900 census and then calculate the possible year of naturalization based on the date of immigration. The 1920 census may tell you the exact year of immigration or naturalization.
Search the Index
View the Images
View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page:
- Select the Description to view the images.
|More images are available in the FamilySearch Catalog at California, Northern U.S. District Court Naturalization Index, 1852-1989. Some catalog records link to multiple references. In this case, click on a reference to find a camera icon to see images.|
How Do I Analyze the Results?
Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.
What Do I Do Next?
Indexes and transcriptions may not include all the data found in the original records. Look at the actual image of the record, if you can, to verify the information and to find additional information.
I Found the Person I Was Looking For, What Now?
- Use the record to learn the place of origin and find vital records such as birth, baptism, and marriage
- Use the information found in the record to find land and probate records
- Use the record to see if other family members who may have immigrated
- Look for the Declaration of Intent soon after the immigrant arrived. Then look for the naturalization petition five years later, when the residency requirement would have been met. Look for naturalization records in federal courts, then in state, county, or city courts. An individual may have filed the first and final papers in different courts and sometimes in a different state if the person moved. Immigrants who were younger than 18 when they arrived did not need to file a Declaration of Intent as part of the process
I Can’t Find the Person I’m Looking for, What Now?
- If your ancestor does not have a common name, collect entries for every person who has the same surname. This list can help you find possible relatives
- If you cannot locate your ancestor in the locality in which you believe they lived, then try searching records of a nearby town or county
- Try different spellings of your ancestor’s name
- Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names.
- Check other possible ports of entry
Consult the California Research Tips and Strategies and its Record Finder to search other records
Known Issues With This Collection
For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached Wiki article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.
Citing This Collection
Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.
- Collection Citation
- "California, Northern U.S. District Court Naturalization Index, 1852-1989." Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing NARA microfilm publication M1744. Pacific Sierra Region, San Bruno: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.
How Can I Contribute to the FamilySearch Wiki?
| We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. We are looking for additional information that will help readers understand the topic and better use the available records. We also need translations for collection titles and images in articles about records written in languages other than English. For specific needs, please visit WikiProject FamilySearch Records. |
Please follow these guidelines as you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide.