Caldwell County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States
North Carolina
Caldwell County

Guide to Caldwell County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Caldwell County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Caldwell County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1841
County Seat Lenoir
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County Information


Caldwell County is located in the Western portion of North Carolina and was named for Joseph Caldwell, the first president of the University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill[1].

County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Caldwell County, North Carolina Genealogy Government Records

Caldwell County Courthouse
905 West Ave NW
Lenoir NC 28645
Phone: 828-757-1310

Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death and land
Clerk Superior Court has divorce, Court and Probate Records[2]

Register of Deeds
County Office Bldg.
905 West Ave., NW
Lenoir, NC 28645
Telephone: 828-757-1310
Fax: 828-757-1294

Clerk of Superior Court
PO Box 1376
Lenoir, NC 28645
Telephone: (828) 759-3503


Caldwell County was formed in 1841 from Burke and Wilkes counties. It was named in honor of Joseph Caldwell, the first president of the University of North Carolina. He strongly advocated a public school system and a railroad across the center of the State from Morehead City to Tennessee.

Caldwell County is in the west central section of the State and is bordered by Alexander, Catawba, Burke, Avery, Watauga and Wilkes counties. The present land area is 471.60 square miles and the 2000 population was 77,386.

The court was ordered to be held at the store of George Powell near the house of George Smith, Jr., until a courthouse was erected. Commissioners were named to select a site as near the center as possible, acquire land and a town, and erect a courthouse. Lenoir, named in honor of William Lenoir, is the county seat.

Parent County

1841--Caldwell County was created 11 January 1841 from Burke and Wilkes Counties. County seat: Lenoir [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places

Towns in Caldwell County are: Lenoir, Granite Falls, Hudson, Gamewell, Sawmills, Blowing Rock, Cajah's Mountain, Cedar Rock, Collettsville, Northlakes, Rhodhiss.

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NCGenWeb Archives WorldCat Billion Graves
Tombstone Project
North Carolina Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Caldwell County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.


County Records


Caldwell County Courthouse
216 Main St NW
Lenoir, NC 28645
(828) 759-8403

Mailing Address:
PO Box 1376
Lenoir, NC 28645




The Register of Deeds office is the primary custodian of permanent records for the county. We record a variety of real property documents including deeds, deeds of trust, mortgage cancellations, powers of attorney, maps and others. The Vital Records Division maintains Caldwell County birth records, death records, marriage licenses issued in Caldwell County, Military Discharges, and Notary records. Our online records search can be accessed from this site and contains all of our real estate indexes since the formation of the county and images of all of our real estate documents from the early 1900's forward. Indexes of all of our vital records can also be found there.

Caldwell County Register of Deeds

Caldwell County Registry of Deeds Records Search

Local Histories




Early migration routes to and from Caldwell County for European settlers included:[4]


Revolutionary War
Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Caldwell County, North Carolina Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Caldwell County, North Carolina Genealogy:

- 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 11th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company B
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company C
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company F
- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company I
- 8th Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company C
World War I
World War II



Online Probate Records

The Caldwell County Clerk of the Court has probate records starting with 1830, if they have not been transferred to the North Carolina State Archives.

The Clerk of Superior Court is elected for four years and must be a resident of the county in which he or she is elected. Unlike clerks of court in other states, the Clerk of Superior Court in North Carolina has numerous judicial functions.

As judge of probate, the Clerk has exclusive original jurisdiction over matters relating to the probate of wills, and the administration of estates, including appointing personal representatives, auditing their accounting, and removing them from office if necessary. The Clerk also presides over many other legal matters including adoptions, incompetency proceedings, condemnation of private lands for public use, and foreclosures. The Clerk is responsible for all clerical and record-keeping functions of the district and superior court. In addition, the Clerk receives and disburses money collected each year from court fees and fines.

Clerk of Superior Court
(828) 759-8402
Ext. 8376

Caldwell County Courthouse

216 Main St NW
Lenoir, NC 28645
Mailing Address:
PO Box 1376
Lenoir, NC 28645


Vital Records

The Caldwell County Register of Deeds offers online access to indexes of their Vital Records.

Do a Records Search:  Caldwell County Records Search


Societies and Libraries 

Caldwell County Genealogical Society
PO Box 2476
Lenoir 28645-2476

Caldwell County Genealogy
PO Box 2476
Lenoir NC 28645-2476
Telephone Number: 828-758-1075

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Caldwell County, North Carolina. Page 507 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 847-61. (FHL Book 973 D27e 2002) WorldCat entry., and William E. Myer, Indian Trails of the Southeast. (Nashville, Tenn.: Blue and Gray Press, 1971), 12-14, and the book's pocket map "The Trail System of the Southeastern United States in the early Colonial Period" (1923). (FHL Book 970.1 M992i) WorldCat entry.
  5. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at