Buchanan County, Missouri Genealogy

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United States
Missouri
Buchanan County

Guide to Buchanan County, Missouri ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: St. Joseph
Organized: December 31, 1838
Parent County(s): Platte Purchase[1]
Neighboring Counties
Andrew  • Atchison (KS)  • Clinton  • Dekalb  • Doniphan (KS)  • Platte
See County Maps
Courthouse
MissouriBuchananCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Missouri Buchanan.png
Adoption

County Information

Description

The county was named for James Buchanan. The county has St. Joseph as its seat and the county was created December 31, 1838. The County is located in the northwest area of the state. [2]

County Courthouse

Buchanan County Courthouse
5th and Jules
St. Joseph, MO 64501
Phone: 816-271-1412
Buchanan County Website

Register of Deeds has marriage records.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce records.
Probate Judge has probate records.
Magistrate Court has court records.
County Assessor has land records.[3]

Buchanan County, Missouri Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1883 1839 1883 1839 1839 1839 1830
Statewide registration started in 1910 for births and deaths. General compliance for births by 1927 and deaths by 1911.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1838 Buchanan County was created 31 December 1838 from the Platte Purchase. When originally formed in 1838, the county was named Roberts County, after settler Hiram Roberts; it was renamed in 1839 for James Buchanan, then a U.S. Senator and later President of the United States.
  • County seat: St. Joseph[5]

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Buchanan County, Missouri:

History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Buchanan County, Missouri online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Missouri Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

For tips on accessing Buchanan County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.

Catholic
Cathedral, St. Joseph

  • 1856-1876 Cathedral, St. Joseph, Baptism Index 1856-1876. Batch C511741 at FamilySearch - free.
  • 1846-1876 Cathedral, St. Joseph, Marriage Index 1846-1876. Batch M511621 at FamilySearch - free.

Immaculate Conception, St. Joseph

  • 1860-1876 Immaculate Conception, St. Joseph, Baptism Index 1860-1876. Batch C511731 at FamilySearch - free.
  • 1860-1885 Immaculate Conception, St. Joseph, Marriage Index 1860-1885. Batch M511731 at FamilySearch - free.

St. Joseph's, Easton

  • 1868-1876 St. Joseph's, Easton, Baptism Index 1868-1876. Batch C511571 at FamilySearch - free.
  • 1868-1885 St. Joseph's, Easton, Marriage Index 1868-1885. Batch M511571 at FamilySearch - free.

St. Patrick's, St. Joseph

  • 1869-1876 St. Patrick's, St. Joseph, Baptism Index 1869-1876. Batch C511751 at FamilySearch - free.
  • 1869-1885 St. Patrick's, St. Joseph, Marriage Index 1869-1885. Batch M511751 at FamilySearch - free.

German
Kesler Settlement, German Congregation

  • 1847-1876 Kesler Settlement, German Congregation, Baptism Index 1847-1876. Batch C511921 at FamilySearch - free.

Lutheran
St. Joseph's Lutheran Church

  • Records of St. Joseph's Lutheran Church in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).[6]

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • St. Joseph

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Deed records are available from 1839 to the present.  They are archived at the Recorder of Deeds Office in the Courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Buchanan County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • Buchanan County, Missouri History. Available online at Ancestry ($)
  • History of Buchanan County and St. Joseph, Mo. St. Joseph, Missouri : History Pub. Co., [1915?]. Available online at FamilySearch (Free)
  • Portrait and biographical record of Buchanan and Clinton counties, Missouri. 1893. Available online at Google Books. The first part of the book contains biographies of the U.S. presidents. The second part, starting on p.111, contains biographies of Buchanan and Clinton county residents.
  • The Daily News' history of Buchanan County and St. Joseph, Mo., from the time of the Platte Purchase to the end of the year 1898, : preceded by a short history of Missouri, supplemented by biographical sketches. Rutt, Christian Ludwig. [St. Joseph, Missouri] : St. Joseph Pub. Co., [1898]. Available online at FamilySearch (Free)

Maps and Gazetteers

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Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration

Early migration routes to and from Buchanan County, Missouri for European and African American settlers included:

Military Records

Civil War

Online Records

Regiments
Service men in Buchanan County, Missouri served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Buchanan County, Missouri"

- 12th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company B
- 12th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company C
- 13th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company G
- 13th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 13th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 13th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company D
- 13th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 13th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
- 25th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company A
- 25th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 25th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company C
- 25th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company D
- 25th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 25th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 25th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
- 25th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company K
- 33rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 33rd Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company H
- 35th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company B
- 35th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company E
- 35th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company F
- 3rd Battalion, Enrolled Missouri Milita (Union), Company A
- 3rd Battalion, Enrolled Missouri Milita (Union), Company B
- 3rd Battalion, Enrolled Missouri Milita (Union), Company C
- 3rd Battalion, Enrolled Missouri Milita (Union), Company D
- Kimball's Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia 6 months (Union), Company D
- Kimball's Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia 6 months (Union), Company E
- 1st Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company L
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company K
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company L
- 36th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 3rd Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 3rd Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 3rd Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company M
- 41st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
- 41st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 41st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
- 41st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
- 41st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
- 41st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
- 41st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
- 41st Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
- 4th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company A
- 4th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company B
- 4th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company C
- 4th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company D
- 4th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company E
- 4th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company F
- 4th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company G
- 4th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company K
- 5th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company A
- 5th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company B
- 5th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company E
- 5th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company F
- 5th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company G
- 5th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company H
- 5th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company I
- 5th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company K
- 9th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company M
- 25th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
- 36th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
- 36th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company K

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Buchanan County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

Websites

  • Missouri Digital Heritage. Free. digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
  • MOGenWeb. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • FamilySearch Catalog . Free. - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
  • RootsWeb resources. Free. Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • Linkpendium. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • StateofUS. Free. family history resources and government records
  • Missouri Genealogy. Free. Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)

Research Guides

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Buchanan County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buchanan_County,_Missouri, accessed 18 Sept 2018.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Buchanan County, Missouri. Page 397-407 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 393-397.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Missouri. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. "Evangelical Lutheran Church in America: An Inventory of Selected Congregational Records of the American Lutheran Church in Minnesota at the Minnesota Historical Society," Collection Finding Aids, Minnesota Historical Society, http://www.mnhs.org/library/findaids/01009.xml, accessed 10 June 2013.
  7. Jim Tompkins, "The Oregon Trail 1841-1848 Map I" in Oregon Trail Landmarks at http://www.oregonpioneers.com/OTMap1.jpg (accessed 18 July 2011).
  8. "Oregon California Trails Association" at http://www.octa-trails.org/learn/virtual-trail (accessed 20 August 2016).
  9. "The Pioneer Story: The Mormon Pioneer Trail" in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints at http://lds.org/gospellibrary/pioneer/pioneerstory.htm (accessed 18 July 2011).
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/5a/Igimissouria.pdf.