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Brereton cum Smethwick, Cheshire Genealogy

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Guide to Brereton cum Smethwick, Cheshire ancestry, family history, and genealogy: parish registers, transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

Brereton cum Smethwick, Cheshire
St Oswald Church Brereton.jpg
St Oswald Church Brereton
Type Ancient Parish
Civil Jurisdictions
Hundred Northwich
County Cheshire
Poor Law Union Congleton
Registration District Congleton
Records begin
Parish registers: 1538
Bishop's Transcripts: 1593
Ecclesiastical Jurisdictions
Rural Deanery Middlewich
Diocese Pre-1541 - Lichfield and Coventry; Post-1540 - Chester
Province York
Legal Jurisdictions
Probate Court Pre-1541 - Court of the Bishop of Lichfield (Episcopal Consistory) Post-1540 - Court of the Bishop of Cheshire (Episcopal Consistory)
Location of Archive
Cheshire Record Office

Parish History[edit | edit source]

Brererton cum Smethwick, St Oswald, Cheshire is an Ancient parish including Smethwick.

Raymond Richards relates that there was a chapel at Brereton from the reign of Richard I (1189-99). Canon Sladden in Beside the Bright Stream relates that Sir William Brereton built a church at Brereton about 1200 to fulfill it is dedicated it to St. Oswald of Northumberland.

Brereton was originally in the parish of  Astbury, Cheshire and became a parish in its own right in the reign of Henry VIII (1509-47). The church registers begin in 1538. The list of ministers goes back to Gilbert de Brereton in 1297.

BRERETON-CUM-SMETHWICK, is a parish in Congleton district, Cheshire; it is on the river Croke, 2 miles SE of Holmes-Chapel railway station, and 3 miles NE by N of Sandbach. It has a post office by the name of Brereton, under Congleton. There are three dissenting chapels.[1]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Census records[edit | edit source]

Census records from 1841 to 1911 are available online. For access, see England Census Records and Indexes Online. Census records from 1841 to 1891 are also available on film through a Family History Center or at the Family History Library.

Church records[edit | edit source]

Brereton cum Smethwick parish registers of christenings, marriages and burials are available online for the following years:

FS PRs = England, Cheshire Parish Registers, 1538-2000 (FamilySearch) - free
FS BTs = England, Cheshire Bishop's Transcripts, 1598-1900 (FamilySearch) - free
FS = FamilySearch - free
FMP Diocese PRs = Cheshire Diocese Of Chester Parish Registers (FindMyPast) - ($)
FMP Diocese BTs = Cheshire Diocese Of Chester Bishop's Transcripts (FindMyPast) - ($)
BOYD = England, Boyd's Marriage Indexes, 1538-1850 (FindMyPast) - free
IGI = International Genealogical Index (FamilySearch) - free[2]
FS Catalog PRs = FamilySearch Catalog Parish registers - free
FS Catalog BTs = FamilySearch Catalog Bishop's transcripts - free
Brereton cum Smethwick Online Parish Records
Indexes Images Indexes Images Indexes Images
FS PRs 1538-2000
FS BTs 1598-1900
FS 1538-1975
FMP Diocese PRs 1538-1911
FMP Diocese BTs 1576-1906



FS Catalog PRs

FS Catalog BTs

To find the names of the neighboring parishes, use England Jurisdictions 1851 Map. In this site, search for the name of the parish, click on the location "pin", click Options and click List contiguous parishes.

Records are also available at the Cheshire Archives and Local Studies.

Non-Conformist Churches[edit | edit source]

Brereton, Methodist Chapel (Primitive). Built in 1882, closed c.1923.

Non-Conformist Records:

Cheshire Record OfficeReference EMS 86
Brereton cum Smethwick Brereton Methodist Chapel
Date 19th century - 20th century Various records1882-1923
Their website is here.

Civil Registration[edit | edit source]

Birth, marriages and deaths were kept by the government, from 1 July 1837 to the present day. The civil registration article tells more about these records. Here are two excellent Internet sites with birth, marriage and death indexes available:

Registration Districts[edit | edit source]
  • Congleton

Poor Law Unions[edit | edit source]

Congleton Poor Law Union, Cheshire

Probate records[edit | edit source]

Records of wills, administrations, inventories, indexes, etc. were filed by the court with jurisdiction over this parish. Go to Cheshire Probate Records to find the name of the court having primary jurisdiction. Scroll down in the article to the section Court Jurisdictions by Parish.

see also England Cheshire Probate Records - FamilySearch Historical Records

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Maps are a visual look at the locations in England. Gazetteers contain brief summaries about a place.

Websites[edit | edit source]

Brereton cum Smethwick on GENUKI

References[edit | edit source]

  1. John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72). Date accessed: 8 February 2013.

Bibliography[edit | edit source]

Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford

Beside the Bright Stream, The Background and History of St. Oswald's Church, Lower Peover, by the Rev. Canon J. C. Sladden, MA BD (Oxon), 1st edition 1968