Bernalillo County, New Mexico Genealogy

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United States
New Mexico
Bernalillo County

Guide to Bernalillo County, New Mexico ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Albuquerque
Organized: September 22, 1846
Parent County(s): Auditor please add
Neighboring Counties
Cibola  • Sandoval  • Santa Fe  • Torrance  • Valencia
See County Maps
Courthouse
NewMexicoBernalilloCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
Nm-bernalillo.png
Adoption

County Information

Description

Bernalillo County was founded in 1852. The county name is derived from one of the early Franciscan friars laboring in the province. The plaza or village of old Albuquerque has been the county seat since 1854. Georgraphically the county lies near the center of the State, its eastern end being covered by the Sandia and Manzano ranges of mountains, its western half being succession of high table lands rising toward the continental divide.[1]

County Courthouse

Bernalillo County Courthouse
1 Civic Plaza NW
Albuquerque, NM 87102
Phone: 505.768.4090
Bernalillo County Website

County Clerk has marriage records from 1885, probate records from 1895 and land records from 1888;
District Court Clerk has divorce and court records.[2]

Bernalillo County, New Mexico Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1907 1885 1907 #2 1888 1895 1790

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • Before 1821New Spain controlled land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of early settlers may have been sent to an archives in Seville, Spain, or to archives in Mexico City.
  • In 1821Mexico obtained jurisdiction over the land that later would become New Mexico and Arizona. Some records of this period may have been sent to archives in Mexico City.
  • 22 September 1846 - Bernalillo County was created based on an old Mexican government partido  under the Kearny Code of laws for the occupied Mexican territory.[4][5] Bernalillo county was one of seven original New Mexico counties. This code named after General Stephen W. Kearny
    In 1848, New Mexico Territory formally became a part of the United States when the Mexican-American War ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
  • Bernalillo and other counties in New Mexico Territory in 1852.
  • County seat: Albuquerque[2]
  • Interactive Formation Boundary Map of New Mexico - shows boundary changes for New Mexico Counties
  • New Mexico Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  • 9 January 1852 - All New Mexico counties were redefined. Bernalillo county was extended west to the California border including land in present day Arizona and Nevada.[6] [7] [8] Residents far from the
  • 29 December 1863 - Arizona Territory was created from the western half of New Mexico Territory. Bernalillo county was reduced in size to the portion that was still in New Mexico Territory.[9]
  • 13 Jan 1876 SANTA ANA county discontinued, BERNALILLO county gained all of its lands and records.[10]
  • 1 Jan 1901 BERNALILLO county lost land to the creation of McKINLEY county. [11]
  • 14 Apr 1903 BERNALILLO county lost land to the creation of SANDOVAL county. [12]
    1 Jan 1905 BERNALILLO county lost land to the creation of TORRANCE county.[13]
  • For animated maps illustrating New Mexico County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New Mexico County Boundary Maps" (1845-1981) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website. See also Previous Jurisdictions to Land in Arizona for further details.
  • New Mexico Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library

Populated Places

The following are locations in Bernalillo County, New Mexico:[14]

Cities

  • Albuquerque (county seat)

Town

  • Edgewood

Villages

  • Los Ranchos de Albuquerque
  • Tijeras

Unincorporated communities

  • Carpenter
  • Isleta Pueblo
  • Laguna Pueblo
  • Zuzax

Census-designated places

  • Carnuel
  • Cedar Crest
  • Cedro
  • Chilili
  • Edith Endave
  • Isleta Village Proper
  • Manzano Springs (partial)
  • North Valley
  • Pajarito Mesa
  • Paradise Hills
  • Ponderosa Pine
  • San Antonito
  • Sandia Heights
  • Sandia Knolls
  • Sandia Park
  • Sedillo
  • South Valley

History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Bernalillo County, New Mexico online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See New Mexico Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1850 7,751
1860 8,769 13.1%
1870 7,591 −13.4%
1880 17,225 126.9%
1890 20,913 21.4%
1900 28,630 36.9%
1910 23,606 −17.5%
1920 29,855 26.5%
1930 45,430 52.2%
1940 69,391 52.7%
1950 145,673 109.9%
1960 262,199 80.0%
1970 315,774 20.4%
1980 419,700 32.9%
1990 480,577 14.5%
2000 556,678 15.8%
2010 662,564 19.0%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Federal Census Records
Federal Censuses were taken for New Mexico starting in 1850. For links to Federal census indexes, see New Mexico Census.

State Census Records

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about New Mexico denominations, view the New Mexico Church Records wiki page.

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Albuquerque

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New Mexico Land and Property for additional information about early New Mexico land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Bernalillo County, New Mexico Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section New Mexico Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers

Bernalillo County

Migration

Military Records

Revolutionary War

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Since statehood in 1912, probate matters have been under the jurisdiction of probate courts in each county. Records of guardianship and adoption have usually been transferred to the district courts. In 1953 the district courts were given concurrent jurisdiction with the probate court over all probate matters in each county.

See the wiki page New Mexico Probate Records for information about how to find earlier probate records.

The Family History Library does not have copies of the New Mexico county probate records. They are available at each county courthouse. You can obtain copies by contacting the county clerk.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, and adoption.

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

New Mexico tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the Wiki page New Mexico Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. See the Wiki page, New Mexico Vital Records, for additional information about the vital records in New Mexico.

Marriage records - are at the County Clerk's office

Divorce records - are at the office of the County Clerk of Court

Birth and death records - are at the New Mexico Vital Records and Health Statistics Office which has records since 1920 and delayed records since 1880.

See also How to order New Mexico Vital Records, order electronically online or download an application for New Mexico Birth Certificate, Death Certificate Applications to mail.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

  • Zimmerman Library at University of New Mexico in Albuquerque, New Mexico

Museums

Societies

Albuquerque Genealogical Society
PO Box 25512
Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87125-0512
E-mail:atkinsosgenealogy@outlook.com
Website

Albuquerque Historical Society
PO Box 1293
Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87125
Website

Websites

Research Guides

References

  1. http://genealogytrails.com/newmex/bernalillo/history.html accessed 09/29/2016
  2. 2.0 2.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), New Mexico.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Bernalillo County, New Mexico. Page 472 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 470.
  4. "Courts and Judicial Powers, Sec. 5” Kearny Code: Laws for the Government of the Territory of New Mexico, September 22, 1846 (Santa Fe, N. Mex.: S. W. Kearny, 1846), 47. Digital online edition.
  5. Kearny's Code 1846, "Courts and Judicial Powers,” secs. 5-7/p. 49; Abel, Map #2; Coan, 252; Williams, 108-109
  6. N.M. Terr. Laws 1851, 1st assy., 2d sess. /p. 291
  7. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 26. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 X2th.
  8. Original Counties of New Mexico Territory (map) at http://www.nmgs.org/Graphics/nmcoun-orig.jpg (accessed 9 August 2011).
  9. U.S. Stat., vol. 12, pp. 664-665; Van Zandt, 165
  10. N.M. Terr. Laws 1875-1876, 22d assy., ch. 8/pp. 38-40
  11. N.M. Terr. Laws 1899, 33d assy., ch. 19/pp. 43-45
  12. N.M. Terr. Laws 1903, 35th assy., ch. 27/pp. 37-43
  13. N.M. Terr. Laws 1903, 35th assy., ch. 70/pp. 132-134
  14. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernalillo_County,_New_Mexico#Communities