Baker County, Florida Genealogy

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Guide to Baker County, Florida ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Macclenny
Organized: February 8, 1861
Parent County(s): Bradford[1]
Neighboring Counties
Bradford  • Charlton (GA)  • Clay  • Clinch (GA)  • Columbia  • Duval  • Nassau  • Union  • Ware (GA)
Courthouse
FloridaBakerCourthouse.jpg
Location Map
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Adoption
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County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for a judge and Confederate Senator James McNair Baker. Baker was the former Judge of the Fourth Judicial District of the state of Florida, which included the Baker County area at the time. It is the only place in Florida where a civil war battle occurred. The County is located in the Northeast area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Baker County Courthouse
339 E MacClenny Avenue
MacClenny, FL 32063-2100
Phone: 904-259-3121
Baker County Website

County Judge has marriage and probate records
Circuit Court has divorce and court records from 1880[3]

Baker County, Florida Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1899 1877 1899 1880 1877 1877 1830
*Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1899. General compliance by 1920.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1888 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:


Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1861-- Baker County was created 8 February 1861 from New River County. New River County's name was changed to Bradford in 1861.
  • 1890-- Macclenny was once called Darbyville but was changed in 1890 to Macclenny
  • County seat: MacClenny [5]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Cities
Towns
Census-designated places


History Timeline[edit | edit source]

The majority of the pre-civil war settlers who came to the area now known as Baker County were hunters and farmers. However, after the war, industries involving turpentine and logging brought a greater number of northern settlers because of the higher opportunity for employment. The county seat was first in Sanderson. After the burning of the Sanderson courthouse in 1877 and with pressure from Darbyville settlers, a vote was held to determine the county seat on February 22, 1886. With only a margin of 23 votes, Darbyville (currently known as Macclenny) became the county seat. The area began with farming cotton and corn as the main crops followed by sugar cane, sweet potatoes and lots of leafy vegetables. After the environmental disturbance or the boll weevil which destroyed the cotton, corn (selling mostly as moonshine) took the place as Baker's main crop. Sometime after, tobacco became the main cash crop. (History of Baker County). [7]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Baker, Florida online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Florida Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites may have additional information on Baker County cemeteries.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1870 1,325
1880 2,303 73.8%
1890 3,333 44.7%
1900 4,516 35.5%
1910 4,805 6.4%
1920 5,622 17.0%
1930 6,273 11.6%
1940 6,510 3.8%
1950 6,313 −3.0%
1960 7,363 16.6%
1970 9,242 25.5%
1980 15,289 65.4%
1990 18,486 20.9%
2000 22,259 20.4%
2010 27,115 21.8%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing census records online, see: Florida Census.

1885 Florida State Population Census includes sex, age, relationship, occupation, place of birth of each family member and parents. Also census for agriculture, manufacture and mortality.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page. List of Churches and Church Parishes

Ward and Branch Records of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

  • Sanderson

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for most counties. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Clinch CountyWare CountyCharlton CountyNassau CountyDuval CountyClay CountyBradford CountyUnion CountyColumbia CountyFL BAKER.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Korean War

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, Florida State Archives, or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

MacClenny Florida Family History Center
HWY 228 and South Blvd
MacClenny FL 32063
Telephone: 904-259-6910
Website

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Baker County Historical Society
PO Box 856
42 West McIver Avenue
Macclenny, FL 32063
Phone: 904-259-0587
Email: drichardson@nefcom.net
Website

Florida Historical Society
435 Brevard Ave
Cocoa, FL 32922
Phone: 321-690-1971
Website

Florida State Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 940927
Maitland, FL 32794-0927
Phone: 407-494-3747 (text or leave a message)
Website

Websites[edit | edit source]

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Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Baker County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, wikipedia 04/21/2017.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Florida.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Baker County, Florida," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, wikipedia, accessed 1 August 2016.
  7. "Baker County Review." History of Baker County, Florida. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. BAKER COUNTY IN REVIEW