Baker County, Florida Genealogy

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Baker County

Guide to Baker County, Florida ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Baker County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Baker County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Location of Florida in the U.S.
Founded February 8, 1861
County Seat Macclenny
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County Information

Baker County, Florida Record Dates

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1899 1877 1899 1880 1877 1877 1830
*Statewide registration of births and deaths began in 1899. General compliance by 1920.

County Courthouse

Baker County Courthouse

Baker County Courthouse
339 E MacClenny Avenue
MacClenny, FL 32063-2100
Phone: 904.259.3121

County Judge has marriage and probate records
Circuit Court has divorce and court records from 1880[2]


The majority of the pre-civil war settlers who came to the area now known as Baker County were hunters and farmers. However after the war industries involving turpentine and logging brought a greater number of northern settlers because of the higher opportunity for employment. The county seat was first in Sanderson. Later however, after the burning of the Sanderson courthouse in 1877 and also with pressure from Darbyville settlers, a vote was held to determine the county seat. On February 22, 1886 a votes rendering results with only 23 more votes in favor of the county seat being in Darbyville. The county seat was then moved to Darbyville, presently known as Macclenny. The area began with farming cotton and corn as the main crops followed by sugar cane, sweet potatoes and lots of leafy vegetables. After the environmental disturbance or the boll weevil which destroyed the cotton, corn took the place of Baker main crop. Selling mostly as moonshine. Some time after tobacco became the main cash crop. (History of Baker County). [3]

Parent County

1861--Baker County was created 8 February 1861 from New River county. New River County's name was changed to Bradford in 1861.
County seat: MacClenny [4]

(Macclenny was once called Darbyville but was changed in 1890 to Macclenny.)

Baker County was named in honor of James McNair Baker. Baker was the former Judge of the Fourth Judicial District of the state of Florida, which included the Baker County area at the time (History of Baker County).


The county was named for a judge and Confederate Senator James McNair Baker. It is the only place in Florida where a civil war battle occurred. The county seat is Macclenny and the county was organized on 1861.[5] The County is located in the North east area of the state.[6]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Florida county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Florida County Boundary Maps" (1821-1997) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

1888 -- Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see the following:

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit HomeTown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Census-designated places



Cemeteries of Baker, Florida online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Florida Cemeteries for more information

The following web sites may have additional information on Baker County cemeteries.


For tips on accessing Baker County, Florida Genealogy census records online, see: Florida Census.

1885 Florida State Population Census includes sex, age, relationship, occupation, place of birth of each family member and parents. Also census for agriculture, manufacture and mortality.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Sanderson



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Baker County, Florida Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.


Clinch CountyWare CountyCharlton CountyNassau CountyDuval CountyClay CountyBradford CountyUnion CountyColumbia CountyFL BAKER.PNG
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Civil War
World War I
World War II
Korean War


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Baker County, Florida Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records are held by the Baker County, Florida Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Baker County, Florida Genealogy Courthouse. See the wiki page Florida Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

Online Probate Records


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online. See also How to order Florida Vital Records

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Florida.

Birth Records
Death Records
Divorce Records

Societies and Libraries

Baker County Historical Society
PO Box 856
Macclenny 32063

Baker County Historical Society
42 West McIver Avenue,br>Macclenny, FL 32063
Telephone Number: 904-259-0587

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Baker County, Florida . Page 133-137 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 143-145.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Baker County, Florida. Page 133 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. "Baker County Review." History of Baker County, Florida. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2013. BAKER COUNTY IN REVIEW
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Baker County, Florida Genealogy and History”, accessed 04/21/2017.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Baker County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Florida 04/21/2017.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Baker County, Florida," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Florida, accessed 1 August 2016.