Ashland County, Wisconsin Genealogy

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United States
Wisconsin
Ashland County

Guide to Ashland County, Wisconsin ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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County Facts
County seat: Ashland
Organized: March 27, 1860
Parent County(s): LaPointe[1]
Neighboring Counties
Bayfield  • Iron  • Price  • Sawyer
See County Maps
Courthouse
Ashland County Courthouse Wisconsin.jpg
Location Map
WI Ashland.png
Adoption

County Information

Description

The County was named for Henry Clay's farm Ashland. The County has Ashland as its seat and the County was created March 27, 1860. The County is located in the north area of the state.[2]

County Courthouse

Ashland County Courthouse
201 Main St West
Ashland, WI 54806-1652
Phone: 715-682-7000
Ashland County Website

Register of Deeds has birth records from 1863, marriage records from 1879, death records from 1877 and land records from 1860.
Clerk of the Circuit Court has divorce and court records from 1873.
Register in Probate has probate records from 1890.[3]

Ashland County, Wisconsin Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1863 1879 1877 1873 1860 1890 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1907. General compliance year unknown.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

  • 1860--Ashland County was created 27 March 1860 from LaPointe County. [5]
  • County seat: Ashland[6]

For animated maps illustrating Wisconsin County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Wisconsin County Boundary Maps" (1790-1961) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Populated Places

The following are locations in Ashland County, Wisconsin:[7]

Cities
Towns
Villages
Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places


History Timeline

Resources

Bible Records

Biographies

Business, Commerce, and Occupations

Cemeteries

Cemeteries of Ashland County, Wisconsin online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Wisconsin Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 515
1870 221 −57.1%
1880 1,559 605.4%
1890 20,063 1186.9%
1900 20,176 0.6%
1910 21,965 8.9%
1920 24,538 11.7%
1930 21,054 −14.2%
1940 21,801 3.5%
1950 19,461 −10.7%
1960 17,375 −10.7%
1970 16,743 −3.6%
1980 16,783 0.2%
1990 16,307 −2.8%
2000 16,866 3.4%
2010 16,157 −4.2%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

For tips on accessing Ashland census records online, see: Wisconsin Census.

State Census

  • 1855 - 1855 Wisconsin State Census Name index and images. This census includes name of head of family; other individuals in the household are identified by sex and race, number of deaf and dumb, blind, insane and foreign born.
  • 1865 - 1865 Wisconsin State Census Name index and images of the 1865 State Census which names the head of household. Most records have been destroyed but schedules exist for the following counties: Dunn, Green, Jackson, Kewaunee, Ozaukee, and Sheboygan.
  • 1875 - 1875 Wisconsin State Census Identifies head of household by name. Other information is statistical and identifies the rest of the household by race, gender and country of birth.
  • 1885 - Wisconsin State Census, 1885 at FamilySearch — index and images. Search indexed census.Identifies by name of head of household. Other information is statistical and identifies the rest of the household by race, gender and country of birth.
  • 1895 - Wisconsin State Census, 1895 at FamilySearch — index and images. Identifies head of household by name. Other information is statistical.
  • 1905 - Wisconsin State Census, 1905 at FamilySearch — Name index and images of population. Enumerates by name all inhabitants.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Wisconsin denominations, view the Wisconsin Church Records wiki page.

Court Records

Directories

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Guardianship

Land and Property Records

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Wisconsin Land and Property for additional information about early Wisconsin land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

WI ASHLAND.JPG

Old Antique Atlases & Maps of Wisconsin

Migration

Military Records

Civil War

World War I

Regiments. Service men in Ashland served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Ashland:

World War II

Ashland County WI Archives Military Records - Army Enlistees

Naturalization and Citizenship

Newspapers

Finding More Wisconsin Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Wisconsin Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:

Obituaries

Other Records

Periodicals

Probate Records

Probate records are held by the Ashland Clerk of Circuit Court and are housed at the Ashland Courthouse. See the wiki page Wisconsin Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, and adoptions.

Probate records are held by the Ashland Clerk of Circuit Court and are housed at the Ashland Courthouse. See the wiki page Wisconsin Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, and adoptions.

Online Records

School Records

Tax Records

Wisconsin tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned property or other items that could be taxed were listed, some residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records. For more information see the Wiki page, Wisconsin Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Most counties started keeping records in the 1870s. In 1907, the counties began sending copies to the state.

For pre-1907 births, deaths, and marriages, search the Wisconsin Genealogy Index.

For additional information, see Wisconsin Vital Records.

Birth

Marriage

Death

Divorce

Research Facilities

Archives

  • History Center and Archives, Northern Great Lakes Visitor Center
    Wisconsin Historical Society
    29270 County Highway G
    Ashland, WI 54806-9339
    Phone: 715-685-2647
    Email: whsnorthwoods@whs.wisc.edu
    Website

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.

Libraries

Museums

Societies

  • Ashland Historical Society
    509 West Main
    Ashland, WI, 54806
    Phone: 715-682-4911
    Website
  • Mellen Area Historical Society
    PO Box 522
    Mellen, WI 54546
    Phone: 715-274-3931
    Website

Websites

Research Guides

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Ashland County, Wisconsin " in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, "https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashland_County,_Wisconsin."
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ashland County, Wisconsin. Page 755-760, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 757-759.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Wisconsin.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Ashland County, Wisconsin," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashland_County,_Wisconsin#Communities, accessed 23 July 2018.