Aroostook County, Maine Genealogy

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Aroostook County

Guide to Aroostook County, Maine ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Aroostook County, Maine
Map of Maine highlighting Aroostook County
Location in the state of Maine
Founded March 16, 1839
County Seat Caribou
Address Aroostook County Courthouse
144 Swenden Street
Caribou, ME 04736
Phone: 207.493.3318
Aroostook County Website


The County was named for Indian word meaning "beautiful river". The County has Houlton as its seat and the County was created May 1, 1839. The County is located in the northeast area of the state.[1]

Aroostook County, Maine Record Dates

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[2]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1839 1892 1839 1839 1839 1839 1790
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1892. General compliance year unknown.

County Courthouse

  • County Clerk has divorce and court records from 1839.
  • Town Clerks have birth, marriage, death and burial records.
  • Probate Court has probate records.
  • Register of Deeds has land records. [3]


Parent County

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Places / Localities

Neighboring Counties

Penobscot | Piscataquis | Somerset | Washington | New Brunswick counties: Carleton | Madawaska | Victoria | York | Quebec counties: Kamouraska | L'Islet | Montmagny | Témiscouata

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this census area:[6]

Unincorporated communities
Native American communities
Census-designated places
Unorganized territories
  • For further details see Maine Townships
  • Central Aroostook
    • E Township
    • Cox Patent
    • Township D R2 WELS
    • Township C R2 WELS
    • Township 10 R3 WELS
    • Township 9 R3 WELS
    • Township 8 R3 WELS
    • Township 7 R3 WELS (Dudley)
    • Township 11 R4 WELS
    • Twp 10 R4 WELS (Squa Pan)
    • Township 9 R4 WELS
    • Twp 8 R4 WELS (St. Croix)
    • Twp 7 R4 WELS (Webbertown)
    • Twp 9 R5 WELS (Swett Farm)
    • Township 8 R5 WELS
    • Township 7 R5 WELS
    • Connor (Township K)
    • Loring_Air_Force_Base
  • Northwest Aroostook
    • Township 10 R6 WELS
    • Township 14 R7 WELS
    • Township 13 R7 WELS
    • Township 12 R7 WELS
    • Township 11 R7 WELS
    • Township 10 R7 WELS
    • Township 9 R7 WELS
    • Township 16 R8 WELS
    • Township 15 R8 WELS
    • Township 14 R8 WELS
    • Township 13 R8 WELS
    • Township 12 R8 WELS
    • Township 11 R8 WELS
    • Township 10 R8 WELS
    • Township 9 R8 WELS
    • Township 16 R9 WELS
    • Township 15 R9 WELS
    • Township 14 R9 WELS
    • Township 13 R9 WELS
  • Northwest Aroostook (continued..)
    • Township 12 R9 WELS
    • Township 11 R9 WELS
    • Township 18 R10 WELS
    • Township 15 R10 WELS
    • Township 14 R10 WELS
    • Township 13 R10 WELS
    • Township 12 R10 WELS
    • Township 11 R10 WELS
    • T 20 R11-12 WELS (Big Twenty)
    • Township 19 R11 WELS
    • Township 18 R11 WELS
    • Township 15 R11 WELS
    • Township 14 R11 WELS
    • Township 13 R11 WELS
    • Township 12 R11 WELS
    • Township 11 R11 WELS
    • Township 19 R12 WELS
    • Township 18 R12 WELS
    • Township 17 R12 WELS
    • Township 16 R12 WELS
    • Township 15 R12 WELS
    • Township 14 R12 WELS
    • Township 13 R12 WELS
    • Township 12 R12 WELS
    • Township 11 R12 WELS
    • Township 18 R13 WELS
    • Township 17 R13 WELS
    • Township 16 R13 WELS
    • Township 15 R13 WELS
    • Township 14 R13 WELS
    • Township 13 R13 WELS
    • Township 12 R13 WELS
    • Township 11 R13 WELS
    • Township 17 R14 WELS
    • Township 16 R14 WELS
    • Township 15 R14 WELS
    • Township 14 R14 WELS
    • Township 13 R14 WELS
    • Township 12 R14 WELS
  • Northwest Aroostook (continued..)
    • Clayton Lake Township
    • Township 15 R15 WELS
    • Township 14 R15 WELS
    • Township 13 R15 WELS
    • Township 12 R15 WELS
    • Township 11 R15 WELS
    • Township 14 R16 WELS
    • Township 13 R16 WELS
    • Township 12 R16 WELS
    • Township 11 R16 WELS
    • Township 12 R17 WELS
    • Twp 11 R17 WELS (Powers Gore)
  • South Aroostook
    • Township A R2 WELS
    • Twp 3 R2 WELS (Forkstown)
    • Township 4 R3 WELS
    • Twp 3 R3 WELS (Bragg Tract)
    • Township 3 R4 WELS
    • Township 2 R4 WELS
    • T1 R4 WELS N 1/2 (U Molunkus)
    • T1 R4 WELS S 1/2 (North Yarmouth Academy Grant)
    • Silver Ridge Township
    • Benedicta Township
    • Township 1 R5 WELS
    • Twp A R5 WELS (Molunkus)
    • Square Lake
    • Township 17 R3 WELS
    • Twp 17 R4 WELS (Sinclair)
    • Twp R4 WELS (Big Madawaska)
    • Cross Lake Township
    • Twp 16 R5 WELS (Square Lake)
    • Township 15 R5 WELS
    • Township 14 R5 WELS
    • Township 13 R5 WELS
    • Township 16 R6 WELS
    • Township 15 R6 WELS
    • Township 14 R6 WELS

Plantations: Cary | Cyr Plantation | Garfield Plantation | Glenwood | Macwahoc | Moro | Nashville Plantation | Oxbow | Reed Plantation (aka Wytopitlock) | Saint John Plantation | Winterville Plantation. For further details see [Maine plantations].

Extinct towns and plantations:[7] Benedicta | Connor | E Plantation | Glenwood | Letter A R2 Plantation | Maysville | Molunkus Plantation | Rockabema Plantation | Silver Ridge Plantation[8]



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
USGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
USGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
ME Interment
Billion Graves
See Maine Cemeteries for more information.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Maine denominations, view the Maine Church Records wiki page.


Emigration and Immigration



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Maine Land and Property for additional information about early Maine land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Aroostook County, Maine Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Maine Local Histories.


Aroostook CountyWashington CountyPenobscot CountyPiscataquis CountySomerset CountyQuebec, CanadaNew Brunswick, CanadaME Aroostook.jpg
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Revolutionary War
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Aroostook County, Maine Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Aroostook County, Maine Genealogy:

- 1st Regiment, Maine Cavalry

Online Records

World War I



Maine Newspaper Archive. Indexes Free; Digital Page Images $ (GenealogyBank $) Twenty-two early Maine 18th and 19th century newspapers, 1785-1898 online. Indexes (free); digital images ($). These newspapers are from Augusta, Bangor, Belfast, Brunswick, Castine, Eastport, Falmouth, Hallowell, Kennebunk, Portland, Saco and Wiscasset.

Dark thin font green pin Version 4.png
Early Maine newspapers routinely reported on news, obituaries, births, marriages etc. from around the state. Be sure to search the indexes for all Maine newspapers to find your target ancestor.

Finding More Maine Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Aroostook County, Maine Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Online Probate Records


Maine tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the records.

Vital Records

In Maine, vital records are kept by town clerks or selectmen. Although some towns have existed since the 1650s, most vital records date from about 1700. The vital statistics are often arranged by family. For more information, see the Wiki page for the town and the Wiki page, Maine Vital Records.

Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Aroostook County, Maine" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, ",_Maine."
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Aroostook County, Maine. Page 304-305 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 275.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Aroostook County, Maine page 304, At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  4. referer=brief_results Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  5. referer=brief_results Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 181. [FHL book 973 D27e 2002].
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Aroostook County, Maine," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Maine, accessed 21 March 2019.
  7. Before an extinct town (or plantation) was discontinued, it created official town records of interest to genealogists. For preservation these records were usually turned over to a nearby functioning town in the same county.
  8. Michael J. Leclerc, Genealogist's Handbook for New England Research, 5th ed. (Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2012), 93. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974 D27g 2012.