Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy
Guide to Arkansas County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
- 1 Description
- 2 County Courthouse
- 3 Arkansas County, Arkansas Record Dates
- 4 Record Loss
- 5 Boundary Changes
- 6 Populated Places
- 7 History Timeline
- 8 Resources
- 8.1 Bible Records
- 8.2 Biographies
- 8.3 Business, Commerce, and Occupations
- 8.4 Cemeteries
- 8.5 Census Records
- 8.6 Church Records
- 8.7 Court Records
- 8.8 Directories
- 8.9 Emigration and Immigration
- 8.10 Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups
- 8.11 Funeral Homes
- 8.12 Genealogies
- 8.13 Guardianship
- 8.14 Land and Property Records
- 8.15 Local Histories
- 8.16 Maps and Gazetteers
- 8.17 Migration
- 8.18 Military Records
- 8.19 Naturalization and Citizenship
- 8.20 Newspapers
- 8.21 Obituaries
- 8.22 Other Records
- 8.23 Periodicals
- 8.24 Probate Records
- 8.25 School Records
- 8.26 Tax Records
- 8.27 Vital Records
- 9 Research Facilities
- 10 Societies
- 11 Websites
- 12 Research Guides
- 13 References
The county was named after the Arkansas Indian tribe. The County Seats are Stuttgart (north district); De Witt (south district) and was founded December 13, 1813. It is located in the southeast central area of the state.
Arkansas County Courthouse
101 Court Square
DeWitt, AR 72042
Arkansas County Website
County Clerk has probate records from 1809 and marriage records from 1838;
Clerk Circuit Court has land records, divorce and court records from 1803 and military discharge records from 1917.
Arkansas County, Arkansas Record Dates
Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.
There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.
1813--Arkansas County was created 31 December 1813. County seat: DeWitt.  Its existence predates the state of Akansas which was admitted to the union in 1836. Arkansas County was created from New Madrid County, Missouri Territory. Arkansas County was part of the Missouri Territory from 1813 to 1819 and part of the Arkansas Territory from 1819 to 1836.
- Historical boundary changes at Newberry Library site . For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:
Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Arkansas County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture
- 1686 - Henri de Tonti established Arkansas Post at the Quapaw village of Osotouy. It was the first semipermanent French settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley and the first step in a long struggle between France, Spain, and England over the interior of North America.
- 1813 - December 13 - Arkansas County was created and comprised about two-thirds of what is now Arkansas and part of eastern Oklahoma. More than half the state’s counties were formed from this original county.
- 1824 - the dwindling remnant of Quapaw Indians at last yielded their lands for $4,000 and an annuity of $1,000 a year for the next eleven years. Thus, a good deal of what is now fine cotton land changed hands at a figure estimated at one dollar per 1,000 acres.
- 1862 - June 17 - Civil War naval and land battle that disabled the Union USS Mound City was located at St. Charles.
- After the war, towns and villages sprang up across the prairie. The people who settled here were largely of German origin, including some who came directly from Prussia, some who came by way of Illinois, and some whose ancestors had lived in Russia..
Business, Commerce, and Occupations
- Court records began in 1819 
Emigration and Immigration
Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups
- 1867-1868 — Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, South Bend at FamilySearch.org — browsable images only; letters, Proceedings of cases
Land and Property Records
- Halli Burton, W. H.. A topographical description and history of Arkansas County, Arkansas from 1541 to 1875. unknown: unknown, 1903.
- See also Cities and towns for resources in the FamilySearch Catalog
Maps and Gazetteers
Regiments. Men in Arkansas County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:
- - 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company H and Company K
- - 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Colquitt's) (Confederate)
- - 5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- - 6th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate) , Company E
- - 6th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- - 8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- - 13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- - 18th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies E and F
- - 26th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company I
- 1890-1963 - Arkansas Confederate Soldier Home,1890-1963 at FamilySearch — index and images
- 1891-1939 - Arkansas Ex-Confederate Pension Records, 1891-1939 at FamilySearch — index and images
- 1901-1929 - Arkansas Confederate Pensions, 1901-1929 at FamilySearch — images only
- 1861-1865 - Arkansas Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers, 1861-1865 at FamilySearch — index
Civil War Battle
The following Civil War battles were fought in Arkansas County:
- Map showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.
Naturalization and Citizenship
Arkansas Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites. Includes newspapers for Arkansas County.
Online Probate Records
- 1783 – 1998 Arkansas Wills and Probate Records 1783-1998 at Ancestry.com — index and images $
- 1817 – 1979 Arkansas Probate Records 1817-1979 at FamilySearch — images; includes guardianships
|Name of Child|
|Birth Date and Place|
|Mother's Maiden Name|
|Name of Doctor or Midwife|
In 1877, a few county and city clerks started keeping birth and death records.
In 1914, the state law required all county clerks to record births and forward them to the state.
- Arkansas Births and Christenings, 1812-1965 at FamilySearch. (Free, index only)
- Small file, but worth searching. Most entries were user-submitted.
See Also How to Find Arkansas Birth Records
- 1779-1966 - Arkansas, United States Marriages at FindMyPast — index $
- 1797-1921 - Arkansas County Marriage Books B-S Index 1797-1921 in International Genealogical Index at FamilySearch - free.
- 1860-1976 - Arkansas Church Marriages, 1860-1976 at FamilySearch — index and images
- 1882-1947 - Arkansas County Marriage Books F-Z, A1-B1 Index 1882-1947 in Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957 at FamilySearch - free.
- 1837-1957 - Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957 at FamilySearch Historical Records — Free; Index
Family History Centers
Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.
- Arkansas Libraries -
- Libraries-listed by City, Colleges, Obituaries, Presidential Libraries, Public Records, US State Libraries
- Select tabs on top of the library page to see listed libraries
- Arkansas State Library
- Major catalogs for books, microfilm, or collections pertaining to Arkansas County
- FamilySearch Catalog - Select Places within... for cities and towns
- WorldCat - Click an item for libraries near you. For more information, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
- Allen County Public Library - Located in Indiana, they are heavily involved in digitizing much of their collection.
- Arkansas History Commission Select the county - Arkansas state agency involved in organizing, digitizing, and maintaining the records of state and local history.
- Local libraries and Arkansas Archives and Libraries may suggest other catalogs
Sites with online indexes or images of records
- Ancestry.com resources More Arkansas County genealogy links
- Ancestry.com resources More Arkansas County genealogy links
- Linkpendium - Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
- CyndisList - Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
- FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection. Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records
- Wikipedia contributors, "Arkansas County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arkansas_County,_Arkansas.
- The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 66.
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Arkansas County, Arkansas. Page 67 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 65.
- The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
- Wikipedia contributors,"Arkansas County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arkansas_County,_Arkansas#Communities, accessed 28 August 2018.
- Bill Shrum, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History &amp;amp; Culture, (http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=745&amp;amp;type=Category&amp;amp;item=Counties&amp;amp;parent=Counties%2c+Cities%2c+and+Towns&amp;amp;grandparent= : accessed January 6, 2016), “Arkansas County.”
- Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
- May be used for free at Family History Center. To locate a center near you, click here.
- Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 15 August, 2012)
- Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 26 April 2012).
- such as Sebastian County (Fort Smith) and Pulaski County (Little Rock) (No entry in FamilySearch Catalog found for Pulaski County nor for Little Rock, Aug 2014)
- Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/5c/Igiarkansasad.pdf.
- FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.