Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy

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United States
Arkansas County

Guide to Arkansas County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: De Witt
Organized: December 31, 1813
Parent County(s): New Madrid (MO)
Neighboring Counties
Desha  • Jefferson  • Lincoln  • Lonoke  • Monroe  • Phillips  • Prairie
Location Map


The county was named after the Arkansas Indian tribe. The County Seats are Stuttgart (north district); De Witt (south district) and was founded December 13, 1813. It is located in the southeast central area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse

Arkansas County Courthouse
101 Court Square
DeWitt, AR 72042
Phone: 870.946.4349
Arkansas County Website

County Clerk has probate records from 1809 and marriage records from 1838;
Clerk Circuit Court has land records, divorce and court records from 1803 and military discharge records from 1917.[2]

Arkansas County, Arkansas Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1914 1838 1914 1803 1803 1809 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

1813--Arkansas County was created 31 December 1813. County seat: DeWitt. [4] Its existence predates the state of Akansas which was admitted to the union in 1836. Arkansas County was created from New Madrid County, Missouri Territory. Arkansas County was part of the Missouri Territory from 1813 to 1819 and part of the Arkansas Territory from 1819 to 1836.

Populated Places

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
  • Jacks Bay Landing
  • Kittlers
  • La Grue Springs
  • La Grue
  • Lodge Corner
  • Lookout
  • Mayview
  • Medina
  • Monica
  • Mount Adams
  • North Stuttgart
  • Olena
  • Ona
  • Osotouy
  • Parham
  • Prairie Landing
  • Prairie Union
  • Preston Ferry
  • Ricusky
  • Roberts
  • Sassafras
  • Sheppard Point
  • South Stuttgart
  • Stinking Bay
  • Super
  • Thomwall
  • Tichnor
  • Vallier
  • Van
  • Weber
  • West Bayou
  • Yoder
  • Barton
  • Brewer
  • Chester
  • Crockett
  • Garland
  • Gum Pond (most of Stuttgart)
  • Henton
  • Keaton
  • McFall
  • Mill Bayou
  • Morris (part of Stuttgart)
  • Point Deluce
  • Prairie
  • Stanley

History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Arkansas County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture[6]

  • 1686 - Henri de Tonti established Arkansas Post at the Quapaw village of Osotouy. It was the first semipermanent French settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley and the first step in a long struggle between France, Spain, and England over the interior of North America.
  • 1813 - December 13 - Arkansas County was created and comprised about two-thirds of what is now Arkansas and part of eastern Oklahoma. More than half the state’s counties were formed from this original county.
  • 1824 - the dwindling remnant of Quapaw Indians at last yielded their lands for $4,000 and an annuity of $1,000 a year for the next eleven years. Thus, a good deal of what is now fine cotton land changed hands at a figure estimated at one dollar per 1,000 acres.
  • 1862 - June 17 - Civil War naval and land battle that disabled the Union USS Mound City was located at St. Charles.
  • After the war, towns and villages sprang up across the prairie. The people who settled here were largely of German origin, including some who came directly from Prussia, some who came by way of Illinois, and some whose ancestors had lived in Russia..


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Arkansas, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1830 1,426
1840 1,346 −5.6%
1850 3,245 141.1%
1860 8,844 172.5%
1870 8,268 −6.5%
1880 8,038 −2.8%
1890 11,432 42.2%
1900 12,973 13.5%
1910 16,103 24.1%
1920 21,483 33.4%
1930 22,300 3.8%
1940 24,437 9.6%
1950 23,665 −3.2%
1960 23,355 −1.3%
1970 23,347 −0.0%
1980 24,175 3.5%
1990 21,653 −10.4%
2000 20,749 −4.2%
2010 19,019 −8.3%
Source: "".

Church Records

Court Records

  • Court records began in 1819 [7]


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

African Americans

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Local Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Lonoke CountyPrairie CountyMonroe CountyPhillips CountyJefferson CountyLincoln CountyDesha CountyBolivar CountyAR ARKANSAS.PNG
About this image
Click a neighboring county
for more resources


Military Records

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Arkansas County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company H and Company K
- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Colquitt's) (Confederate)
- 5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate) , Company E
- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- 8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- 13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- 18th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies E and F
- 26th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company I

Online Records

Civil War Battle
The following Civil War battles were fought in Arkansas County:

Map showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.

Naturalization and Citizenship


Arkansas Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites. Includes newspapers for Arkansas County.


Other Records


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Vital Records


Birth Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Name of Child Green check.png  
Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
Parent's Names Green check.png  
Mother's Maiden Name   Green check.png
Parent's Ages Green check.png  
Father's Occupation Green check.png  
Current Residence Green check.png  
Name of Doctor or Midwife Green check.png  

In 1877, a few county and city clerks[11] started keeping birth and death records.

In 1914, the state law required all county clerks to record births and forward them to the state.

See also: • Arkansas Online Genealogy Records, • How to Find Arkansas Birth Records and • Arkansas Vital Records—Birth.

See Also  How to Find Arkansas Birth Records




Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





Sites with online indexes or images of records

  • ARGenWeb Arkansas County - Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives Arkansas County - Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • resources at RootsWeb - Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • resources More Arkansas County genealogy links
  • Linkpendium - Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList - Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Arkansas County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 66.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Arkansas County, Arkansas. Page 67 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 65.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Wikipedia contributors,"Arkansas County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas#Communities, accessed 28 August 2018.
  6. Bill Shrum, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, ( : accessed January 6, 2016), “Arkansas County.”
  7. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  8. May be used for free at Family History Center. To locate a center near you, click here.
  9. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 15 August, 2012)
  10. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 26 April 2012).
  11. such as Sebastian County (Fort Smith) and Pulaski County (Little Rock) (No entry in FamilySearch Catalog found for Pulaski County nor for Little Rock, Aug 2014)
  12. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  13. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.