Arkansas County, Arkansas Genealogy

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United States
Arkansas County

Guide to Arkansas County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Information


The county was named after the Arkansas Indian tribe. The County Seats are Stuttgart (north district); De Witt (south district) and was founded December 13, 1813. It is located in the southeast central area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse

Arkansas County Courthouse
101 Court Square
DeWitt, AR 72042
Phone: 870.946.4349
Arkansas County Website

County Clerk has probate records from 1809 and marriage records from 1838;
Clerk Circuit Court has land records, divorce and court records from 1803 and military discharge records from 1917.[2]

Arkansas County, Arkansas Record Dates

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth Marriage Death Court Land Probate Census
1914 1839 1914 1808 1809 1830
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until 1920's

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes

1813--Arkansas County was created 31 December 1813. County seat: DeWitt. [4] Its existence predates the state of Akansas which was admitted to the union in 1836. Arkansas County was created from New Madrid County, Missouri Territory. Arkansas County was part of the Missouri Territory from 1813 to 1819 and part of the Arkansas Territory from 1819 to 1836.

Cities and Towns

  • Click FamilySearch Catalog and select the link Places within... for cities and towns (most counties)
  • Arkansas Post
  • Bayou Meto
  • DeWitt
  • De Witt
  • Ethel
  • Gillett
  • St. Charles
  • Stuttgart
  • Van
County Facts
County seat: De Witt
Organized: December 31, 1813
Parent County(s): New Madrid (MO)
Neighboring Counties
Desha  • Jefferson  • Lincoln  • Lonoke  • Monroe  • Phillips  • Prairie
Location Map

History Timeline

Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were taken from the Arkansas County page on the website, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History and Culture[5]

  • 1686 - Henri de Tonti established Arkansas Post at the Quapaw village of Osotouy. It was the first semipermanent French settlement in the lower Mississippi River Valley and the first step in a long struggle between France, Spain, and England over the interior of North America.
  • 1813 - December 13 - Arkansas County was created and comprised about two-thirds of what is now Arkansas and part of eastern Oklahoma. More than half the state’s counties were formed from this original county.
  • 1824 - the dwindling remnant of Quapaw Indians at last yielded their lands for $4,000 and an annuity of $1,000 a year for the next eleven years. Thus, a good deal of what is now fine cotton land changed hands at a figure estimated at one dollar per 1,000 acres.
  • 1862 - June 17 - Civil War naval and land battle that disabled the Union USS Mound City was located at St. Charles.
  • After the war, towns and villages sprang up across the prairie. The people who settled here were largely of German origin, including some who came directly from Prussia, some who came by way of Illinois, and some whose ancestors had lived in Russia..


Bible Records


Business, Commerce, and Occupations


Cemeteries of Arkansas, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records

1810 and 1820 are missing.

Church Records

Court Records

  • Court records began in 1819 [6]


Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups

African Americans

Funeral Homes



Land and Property Records

Local Histories

Maps and Gazetteers

Click on a neighboring county to go to the wiki page.
Arkansas CountyDesha CountyLincoln CountyDrew CountyJefferson CountyLonoke CountyPrairie CountyMonroe CountyPhillips CountyLee CountySt. Francis CountyWoodruff CountyPulaski CountyCleveland CountyBradley CountyARArkansas (2).jpg
Copyright 2005


Military Records

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Arkansas County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company H and Company K
- 1st Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Colquitt's) (Confederate)
- 5th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate) , Company E
- 6th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- 8th Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- 13th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- 18th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Companies E and F
- 26th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company I

Online Records

Civil War Battle
The following Civil War battles were fought in Arkansas County:

Map showing Civil War battles in Arkansas.

Naturalization and Citizenship


Arkansas Online Historical Newspapers - identifies historical archived and digitized newspapers available online on both free and pay-to-access websites. Includes newspapers for Arkansas County.


Other Records


Probate Records

Online Probate Records

School Records

Tax Records

Vital Records


See Also  How to Find Arkansas Birth Records




Research Facilities


Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes.





Sites with online indexes or images of records

  • ARGenWeb Arkansas County - Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives Arkansas County - Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • resources at RootsWeb - Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • resources More Arkansas County genealogy links
  • Linkpendium - Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • CyndisList - Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
  • FamilySearch Catalog - The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records

Research Guides


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Arkansas County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Arkansas.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 66.
  3. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Bill Shrum, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, ( : accessed January 6, 2016), “Arkansas County.”
  6. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  7. May be used for free at Family History Center. To locate a center near you, click here.
  8. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 15 August, 2012)
  9. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 26 April 2012).
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  11. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.