Argentina, National Census, 1869 (FamilySearch Historical Records)

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Argentina

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Argentina National Census, 1869
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This article describes a collection of records at FamilySearch.org.
Argentina
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Flag of the Republic of Argentina
Argentina on Globe.png
Record Description
Record Type: National Census
Collection years: 1869
Languages: Spanish
Title in the Language: Argentina, Censo de 1869
FamilySearch Resources
Related Websites
Archive
General Archive of the Nation


What is in This Collection?

This collection includes records for 1869.

The census enumerations were recorded in registers with legal size papers in landscape orientation. Each book (libreto) is separated by a title page, which includes the name of the province, the section, and the type of population covered. It is followed by the enumeration sheets containing surname and names of the inhabitants, age, gender, civil status, nationality, place of birth, occupation, literacy, and special conditions. At the end of each book is a global summary page of the register.

The First National Census of the Argentine Republic was executed in the whole country simultaneously in three days, September 15-17 of 1869, under the presidency of the nation’s then president Mr. Domingo F. Sarmiento. For the census, the country was divided into five areas: North, South, East, West, and the National Territories. Each area was divided into provinces, which were then divided into sections or districts (partidos); in some cases the barracks are also mentioned. The city of Buenos Aires was the only one divided into police sections (secciones de policía).

These census enumeration registers were well preserved. It was created for demographic and statistical purposes in relation to the growth of the nation.

This census covers about 1,800,000 inhabitants, but these records contain inaccuracies and should only be used when civil or church records are not available. The officials that wrote the census were ordinary civilians. Some were careless in spelling and wrote down phonetic versions of what they heard, so it is important to search for different spellings of your ancestors' names. The people were not required to provide proof for the information given (such as birth date and place), therefore some information may have been given from memory and may be wrong.

The original records can still be found at the Archivo General de la Nación in Buenos Aires.

Reading These Records

These records are written in Spanish. For help reading these records see the following guides:

If you speak Spanish, the following free online lesson may be helpful to learn how to use the information in these records:

To Browse This Collection

You can browse through images in this collection by visiting the browse page for Argentina National Census, 1869.

What Can These Records Tell Me?

Information found in the 1869 census records may include:

  • Name, age, gender, marital status and nationality
  • Birth place (Province if Argentine)
  • Occupation
  • Statistical summary of the special conditions, such as legitimacy, race, disabilities, students, and others

Collection Content

Sample Images

Argentina 1869 Census

Coverage Table

As of 20 December 2016 this collection included records from the following provinces:

Province Province Province
Buenos Aires Catamarca Córdoba
Corrientes Entre Ríos Jujuy
La Rioja Mendoza Salta
San Juan San Luis Santa Fe
Santiago del Estero Tucumán

How Do I Search This Collection?

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s first name or some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your relative and that your relative may have used nicknames or different names at different times.

Search the Index

Search by name by visiting the Collection Page.
  1. Fill in the search boxes on the Collection Page with the information you have
  2. Click Search to show possible matches

View the Images

View images in this collection by visiting the Browse Page

  1. Select Province
  2. Select Department
  3. Select Town, District, or Section to view the images


How Do I Analyze the Results?

Compare each result from your search with what you know to determine if there is a match. This may require viewing multiple records or images. Keep track of your research in a research log.

What Do I Do Next?

I Found the Person I Was Looking For, Now What?

  • Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each partner to find a couple's birth records and parents' names
  • Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth to find the family in census records
  • Use the residence and names of the parents to locate church and land records
  • Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or military records
  • Use the parents' birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family
  • When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct

I Can't Find the Person I'm Looking For, Now What?

  • Check for variant spellings of the surnames
  • Search the records of nearby localities
  • Remember that sometimes individuals went by nicknames or alternated between using first and middle names

Record Finder

Consult the Argentina Record Finder to find other records

Known Issues With This Collection

Important.png Problems with this collection?
See a list of known issues, workarounds, tips, restrictions, future fixes, news and other helpful information.

For a full list of all known issues associated with this collection see the attached article. If you encounter additional problems, please email them to support@familysearch.org. Please include the full path to the link and a description of the problem in your e-mail. Your assistance will help ensure that future reworks will be considered.

Citing This Collection

Citations help you keep track of places you have searched and sources you have found. Identifying your sources helps others find the records you used.

Collection Citation
"Argentina, censo nacional, 1869." Database and images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 14 June 2016. Citing Archivo General de la Nación, Buenos Aires (Census Commission Directive. General Archive of the Nation, Buenos Aires).
Record Citation:
When looking at a record, the citation is found below the record.
Image Citation:
When looking at an image, the citation is found on the Information tab at the bottom left of the screen.

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