Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy
Guide to Appomattox County, Virginia ancestry, family history and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.
|Appomattox County, Virginia|
Location in the state of Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
|Founded||February 8, 1845|
- 1 County Information
- 2 Appomattox County Virginia History
- 3 Places/Localities
- 4 Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy Resources
- 4.1 Research Guides
- 4.2 African American
- 4.2.1 Bible Records
- 4.2.2 Cemeteries
- 4.2.3 Census
- 4.2.4 Church Records
- 4.2.5 Court
- 4.2.6 Genealogy
- 4.2.7 Historic Residences
- 4.2.8 Land and Property
- 4.2.9 Local Histories
- 4.2.10 Maps
- 4.2.11 Migration
- 4.2.12 Military
- 4.2.13 Miscellaneous Records
- 4.2.14 Naturalization
- 4.2.15 Newspapers
- 4.2.16 Petitions
- 4.2.17 Probate Records
- 4.2.18 Taxation
- 4.2.19 Vital Records
- 5 Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries
- 6 Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy Websites
- 7 Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy References
Appomattox County is located in the Piedmont region of the Commonwealth of Virginia and was created in 1845 when Buckingham, Prince Edward, Charlotte and Campbell Counties each surrendered portions of their territory for a new county. The area was named after the Appamatuck people who were shown on Captain John Smith's map of 1612 and the name eventually evolved into "Appomattox". Appomattox is the County seat.
Appomattox County Virginia Courthouse
Appomattox County Courthouse
P.O. Box 672
Appomattox, VA 24522-0672
Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce and probate records from 1892, court and land records 
Appomattox County Virginia History
For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, visit "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
The Appomattox County VAGenWeb page identifies surviving church and vital records.
For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:
- Burned Counties Research in the FamilySearch Research Wiki.
- Arlene Eakle, When the Records are Gone in the Tennessee Genealogy Blog.
- Michael John Neill, Burned Counties in Family History Circle.
Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy Resources
- "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Appomattox County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 4, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1960):79-80. FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 B2vg; digital version at American Ancestors ($).
Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872
Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:
- Virginia Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007 - browse collection at FamilySearch; free.
Additional Bible records include:
|Tombstone Transcriptions Online||Tombstone Transcriptions in Print||List of Cemeteries in the county|
|Findagrave.com||Family History Library||Findagrave.com|
|See Virginia Cemeteries for more information.|
For a detailed list, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Appomattox County, Virginia Cemeteries.
The following is a list of cemeteries in Appomattox County:
For tips on accessing Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy census records online, see: Virginia Census.
|Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.|
- "Virginia's Union Veterans: Eleventh Census of the United States 1890." Prince William County Virginia, by Ronald Ray Turner. FHL Collection.
More than a dozen genealogies have been published about Appomattox County families. To view a list, visit Appomattox County, Virginia Compiled Genealogies.
- Smith, Ethel Marion. "Clover Hill. Early History of an Old Appomattox Landmark," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 57, No. 3 (Jul., 1949), pp. 269-273. Digital version at JSTOR ($). [Includes information about the Patteson family.]
Land and Property
Grants and Patents
Land patents (pre-1779), land grants (after 1779) and surveys are available online at the Library of Virginia website. For step-by-step instructions on retrieving these records, read the Virginia Land and Property article.
- Bannister et al. 482 patents dated 1739-1828 in what is now Appomattox County, Virginia placed on a map. DeedMapper, 2010. [Names of those who received land patents, dates, land descriptions, and references may be viewed free of charge (click "Index" next to the county listing); however, in order to view the maps, it is necessary to purchase Direct Line Software's DeedMapper product.]
- Featherston, Nathaniel Ragland. Appomattox County History and Genealogy. Baltimore, MD: Reprinted for Clearfield Co. by Genealogical Pub. Co., 1998. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5625 H2f. Digital version at World Vital Records ($). This book contains numerous genealogies for families of Appomattox County. For a list of surnames please see World Vital Records ($).
- Elliott, Katherine B. Emigration to Other States from Southside Virginia. 2 vols. South Hill, Virginia: K.B. Elliott, 1966. Vol. 1 of original edition available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 W2e v. 1; 1983 reprints (both volumes) available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 W2e 1983; 1990-1992 reprints (both volumes) also available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5 W2e 1990-1992. [Includes individuals who migrated out of Appomattox County to other parts of the country.]
War of 1812
- List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Governnment Printing Office, 1883. FHL 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Appomattox County, pp. 61-62.]
Regiments. Service men in Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy:
- - 2nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate). Company H (Appomattox Rangers)
- - 18th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company H (Appomattox Grays).
- - 20th Battalion, Virginia Heavy Artillery (Confederate). Company C.
- - 44th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Appomattox Invincibles).
- - 46th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company A (Liberty Guards).
Records and histories are available, including:
- 1861-1865 - Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865
- 1861-1865 - Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865
- 1861-1865 - U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865 at Ancestry — index ($)
- 1861-1865 - U.S., Union Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865 at Ancestry — index (free)
- Hopkins, Luther W. From Bull Run to Appomattox: A Boy's View. Baltimore: Press of Fleet-McGinley Co., 1914. FHL Fiche 6082797 (2 copies); digital version at Ancestry ($).
Civil War Battle
The following battles were fought in Appomattox County.
- April 8, 1865 = Appomattox Station 
- April 9, 1865 = Appomattox Court House
- Maps of Civil War battles in Virginia: 1861, 1862, 1863, 1864, 1865
Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929
The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy newspapers.
- Eckenrode, H.J. Virginia State Library: A Calendar of Legislative Petitions Arranged by Counties Accomac - Bedford. Richmond, Va.: Davis Bottom, Superintendent of Public Printing, 1908. Digital version at Google Books. [Appomattox County petitions (1846-1860) are described on pp. 132-135.]
- 1764-1792 - Crouse, Randy F. McNew "Personal Property Tax Lists of Buckingham County Virginia , Vol. 1, 1764-1792, Randy F. McNew Crouse 2017. 428 pages. Available at Lulu ($) and FHL. Family History Library Call Number: 975.5623 R4c. Appomattox County was created in 1845, in part, from that portion of Buckingham County that lay south of the Appomattox River. Buckingham residents living there then, and following the division of the county, became residents of Appomattox County. This book is a comprehensive transcription of all extant tithe and personal property tax lists (over 12,000 records) for Buckingham County, Virginia from its formation in 1761 through 1792. Includes 1764, 1773-4, 1782-1792. All proprietors are named (male or female) along with many additional white males over the age of 16, number of white tithes, number of slave tithes, names of slaves over the age of 12 (until 1783), carriages, ordinary licences, horses, cattle (1783-1788) and acres of land (1764). Comments and annotations are included, as found in the original lists, describe familial relationships, marital status (widow), physical characteristics, race, occupation, nationality, religion, place of residence and more.Transcribed records are ordered as they appear in the tax lists and, in addition, are ordered alphabetically in a 160 page index section. Includes an introduction and guide to use, a table and graphs to summarize statistics, extensive bibliography, table of alternate surname spellings, list of abbreviations and appendices.
- 1792-1802 - Crouse, Randy F. McNew "Personal Property Tax Lists of Buckingham County Virginia , Vol. 2, 1792-1802, Randy F. McNew Crouse 2017. 460 pages. Available only at Lulu ($). The second volume in this monumental tax list transcription effort. Comprehensive transcription of all personal property tax lists (over 13,700 records enumerating over 47,000 tithes) for Buckingham County, Virginia from 1792-1802. All proprietors are named (male or female) along with many additional white males over the age of 16, number of white tithes, number of slave tithes, carriages, ordinary licences and horses. 130 page index. An illustrated appendix on Riding Carriages is a very interesting added feature.
- 1845 - Chilton, Harriett A. Appomattox County, Virginia Tax Lists, 1845 Only Extant Record for the First Year the County was Established, Includes Land Tax Rolls, Personal Property Tax Rolls. Falls Church, Va.: H.A. Chilton?, 1975. FHL 975.5625 R4c
Indexes to Appomattox County, Virginia Genealogy births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records
- 1660-1959 - Virginia, United States Marriages at FindMyPast — index $
- 1740-1850 - Virginia Marriages 1740-1850 (Ancestry) ($).
- 1936-1988 - Virginia, Marriage Certificates, 1936-1988 at FamilySearch — index and images
Vital Record Substitutes
|For birth, marriage, and death record substitutes, see Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.|
Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries
Family History Centers
Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.
Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy Websites
- Appomattox Co., VAGenWeb. Part of the USGenWeb Project. Maps, name indexes, history.
- Appomattox County, VA History, Records, Facts and Genealogy (Familytree101)
- FamilySearch Catalog
- Cyndi's List
Appomattox County Virginia Genealogy References
- Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Appomattox County, Virginia. Page 710 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
- Wikipedia Contributors, "Appomattox County, Virginia," in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Appomattox_County,_Virginia, accessed 13 January 2012.
- Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records, 2, in Library of Virginia (accessed 4 April 2014).
- Burned Record Counties (VA-NOTES). (n.d.). Library of Virginia. Retrieved October 1, 2009, from http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/va22_burnedco.htm.
- USGS Map, Topozone.com
- James I. Robertson, 18th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1984). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 12.
- Tracy Chernault and Jeffrey C. Weaver, 18th and 20th Battalions of Heavy Artillery (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1995). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 113.
- Kevin C. Ruffner, 44th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1987). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 39.
- Darrell L. Collins, 46th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 85.
- Heritage Preservation Services,Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012)
- Heritage Preservation Services,Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 2 August 2012)