Alamance County, North Carolina Genealogy

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United States
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Alamance County

Guide to Alamance County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Alamance County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Alamance County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1849
County Seat Graham
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County Information


Alamance County is located in the North-Central portion of North Carolina and is called after the creek by the same name - Alamance - a Native American word describing the blue-colored mud found in the creekbed[1].

County Courthouse

Beginning Dates for Alamance County, North Carolina Genealogy Government Records
Alamance County Courthouse.jpg

Alamance County Courthouse
124 West Elm Street
Graham, North Carolina 27253-2802
Phone: 336-570-6565

Clerk Superior Court has divorce, probate & Court records from 1849
Register of Deeds has birth, marriage, death and land records[2]

Register of Deeds
PO Box 837
Graham, NC. 27253
Telephone: (336) 570.6565

Clerk Superior Court
#1 Court Square Rm 100
Graham, NC 27253
Telephone: (336) 570-5200

On July 17, 1849, the Alamance County Commissioners voted to spend $8,000 to construct a courthouse in a 75-acre (300,000 m2) area located approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) south of the Providence Church. The County Commissioners expected to pay for the courthouse through the sale of land in the new county seat of Graham. They also levied an ad valorem tax on property of 35.25 cents per $100 valuation and a poll tax of 73.75 cents.
The courthouse was constructed with brick for the sum of $6,400 and was opened in 1852. In 1888, 2 new wings were added to the courthouse and the exterior of the courthouse was stuccoed. The courthouse remained open until 1923, when the County Commissioners voted for a new courthouse to replace the over 70-year-old building. The original courthouse was demolished. The only remaining piece of the old courthouse is the 400 lb (180 kg) bell from the cupola, which currently resides at Sesquicentennial Park in Courthouse Square in Graham.

(from Wikipedia)


Alamance County was named after Great Alamance Creek, site of the Battle of Alamance (May 16, 1771). This pre-Revolutionary War battle in which militia under the command of Governor William Tryon crushed the Regulator movement, a movement by the poor citizens of the back country who were tired of corrupt government and wanted to regulate themselves. The Great Alamance Creek, and in turn the Little Alamance Creek, according to legend, were named after a local Native American word to describe the blue mud that was found at the bottom of the creeks. Other legends say that the name came from another local Native American word meaning "noisy river" or for the Alamanni region of Rhineland, Germany, where many of the early settlers would have come from. Before being formed as a county, the region had at least one known small Southeastern tribe of Native American in the 18th century - the Sissipahaw who lived in the area bound by modern Saxapahaw, the area known as the Hawfields, and Haw River in the county European settlers entered the region in the late 17th century chiefly following Native American trading paths, and set up their farms what they called the "Haw Old Fields", fertile ground previously tilled by the Sissipahaw. The paths later became the basis of the railroad and interstate highway routes.

(from Wikipedia)

Parent County

1849--Alamance County was created 29 January 1849 from Orange County. County seat: Graham [3]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties



Tombstone Transcriptions Online Tombstone Transcriptions in Print List of Cemeteries in the county Family History Library
NCGenWeb WorldCat Billion Graves
NCGenWeb Archives
Tombstone Project
North Carolina Cemeteries
Billion Graves
See North Carolina Cemeteries for more information.


For tips on accessing Alamance County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.

Church Records


County Records


Alamance County Clerk of Court

Physical Location:

Temporary Old Courthouse (formerly known as the Agricultural Building)
201 West Elm Street
Graham, NC 27253.

Mailing Address:

Old Courthouse
Alamance County Clerk of Superior Court
1 Court Square,
Graham, NC 27253.


Has Court Records starting from 1849 and Probate Records from 1832.

A number of Court records have been transcribed at the following sites:

Emigration and Immigration


Alamance County Register of Deeds
118 West Harden Street
P.O. Box 837
Graham, NC 27253

Alamance County has copies of land records dating from 1793; contact them for the availability & fees for specific records.

You may also check for deed records in the Alamance County Deeds Records Search

A number of Land Records have been transcribed and are available at the following sites:

Local Histories


Alamance County


Revolutionary War
Civil War

Online Records

Regiments. Service men in Alamance County, North Carolina Genealogy served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Alamance County, North Carolina Genealogy:

-6th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
-8th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 13th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry formerly the 3rd Volunteers., Company E
- 15th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, formerly the 5th Volunteers, Company H
- 4th Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company B
- 6th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company F
- 6th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company K
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Captain George F Fisher's Company
- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company A
- 8th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, Company I
World War I
World War II


  • Alamance Gleaner - full text digital issues in Google News Archive; includes 1881-1910
  • Alamance County residents in the newspaper - name listing of people from the county as located in misc. newspaper articles; time span varies. Articles indexed in the NC People in the Papers database
  • Mebane Gleaner (1911-1914) - full-text digital issues from the NC Digital Heritage Center


Online Probate Records

  • Online Probate Records - Images of Wills, Estates, Orders 1692-95; Images of Wills & Estates 1695-99; 1717-20; 1722-1730;1775-1785;1786-1792. Virginia Pioneers ($)
  • Alamance County Clerk of Court has copies of Probate records from 1832, including wills, estate records, and records associated with the administration of an estate.

There are copies of transcribed wills or estate records at the following sites:


Vital Records

Alamance County Register of Deeds

118 West Harden Street
P.O. Box 837
Graham, NC 27253

Copies of Births, Marriages, and Death Records may be obtained from the Register of Deeds. Contact them for a complete listing of prices and availability.


A number of Vital Records have been transcribed and are available as follows:


Societies and Libraries 

Alamance County Genealogical Society
PO Box 3052
Burlington, NC 27215-3052

Family History Centers

Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alamance County, North Carolina p. 506. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  4. "Hawfields Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  5. "Hawfields Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  6. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at