Alachua County, Florida Genealogy

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Alachua County

Guide to Alachua County, Florida ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.


Alachua County, Florida
Map of Florida highlighting Alachua County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the U.S. highlighting Florida
Location of Florida in the U.S.
Founded December 29, 1824
County Seat Gainesville
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County Information

Alachua County, Florida Record Dates

Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1837 1830 1826 1840

County Courthouse

Alachua County Florida Courthouse

Alachua County Courthouse;
201 E University Ave; PO Box 600;
Gainesville, FL 32601;
Phone: 352.374.3636

County Clerk has incomplete marriage records from 1837
probate records from 1840, land records from 1848 & court records[2]


Parent County

1824-- Alachua County was created in 1824 by an act of the Florida Legislature. It was carved from portions of Duval and St. Johns Counties. Until 1843 its southernmost border was approximately Tampa Bay. While Gainesville is the current County seat, originally a town called Newnansville, located in the northeastern part of the County, was the seat of the county government.

The Second Seminole War slowed the growth of Newnansville and the railroad line bypassed the county seat by running in a diagonal line across the county resulting in a decision to move the county seat nearer the rail lines. This decision was made at a meeting at Boulware Springs on September 6, 1853, resulting in the creation of a new town to be called Gainesville nearer the center of commerce in Alachua County.
County seat: Gainesville [3]


The county was named for Chua (Timucuan word for "sinkhole"). The county seat is Gainesville and the county was organized on February 29, 1824. The County is located in the North central area of the state.[4]

Boundary Changes

In 1843 the northernmost portion of Hernando County was created from the southern most part of Alachua County.

In 1924 Gilchrist County was created from the western most portion of Alachua County

For animated maps illustrating Florida county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Florida County Boundary Maps" (1821-1997) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.


Populated Places

The following are locations in the county:[5]

  • Archer
  • Gainesville
  • High Springs
  • LaCrosse
  • Newberry
  • Waldo
  • Unincorporated communities
    • Adam
    • Arno
    • Arredondo
    • Beckhamtown
    • Beville Heights
    • Bland
    • Buckingham West
    • Buda
    • Burnetts Lake
    • Cadillac
    • Campville
    • Clark
    • Clinch
    • Cross Creek
    • Daysville
    • Earleton
    • Evinston
    • Fairbanks
    • Forest Grove
    • Green Grove
    • Grove Park
    • Hague
    • Haile
    • Hainesworth
    • Half Moon
    • Hasan
    • Idylwild
    • Island Grove
    • Jonesville
    • Kanapaha
    • Kincaid Hills
    • Kirkwood
    • Lochloosa
    • Los Trancos Woods
    • Louise
    • Malore Gardens
    • Melton Manor
    • Micanopy Junction
    • Monteocha
    • Newnans Lake Homesites
    • Newnansville
    • Northwood
    • Orange Heights
    • Peach Orchard
    • Phifer
    • Pine Hill Estates
    • Paradise
    • Pinesville
    • Rex
    • Riceland
    • Robinswood
    • Rochelle
    • Rocky Point
    • Ruthland
    • Rutledge
    • Santa Fe
    • Santa Fe Beach
    • Shannon Wood
    • Shenks
    • South Idylwild
    • Spring Hill
    • Suburban Heights
    • Tacoma
    • Traxler
    • Wacahoota
    • Wade
    • West Hills
    • West Park
    • Windsor

    Neighboring Counties

    Bradford  • Columbia  • Gilchrist  • Levy  • Marion  • Putnam  • Union

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    African American



    Cemeteries of Alachua, Florida online and in print
    Tombstone Transcriptions Online
    TombstoneTranscriptions in Print (Often more complete)
    List of Cemeteries in the County
    See Florida Cemeteries for more information

    The following web sites may have additional information on Alachua County cemeteries.


    For tips on accessing Alachua County, Florida Genealogy census records online, see: Florida Census.


    Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Florida denominations, view the Florida Church Records wiki page.



    Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

    See Florida Land and Property for additional information about early Florida land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

    Local Histories

    Local histories are available for Alachua County, Florida Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories see the wiki page section Florida Local Histories.


    Columbia CountyUnion CountyBradford CountyClay CountyPutnam CountyMarion CountyLevy CountyGilchrist CountyFL ALACHUA.PNG
    About this image
    Click a neighboring county
    for more resources


    Civil War
    World War I
    World War II
    Korean War
    Vietnam War


    Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Alachua County, Florida Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:



    Probate records are held by the Alachua County, Florida Genealogy Clerk of Court and are housed at the Alachua County, Florida Genealogy Courthouse. See the wiki page Florida Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

    Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

    Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, and adoptions.

    Online Probate Records

    Real Estate


    Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Florida Taxation.

    Vital Records

    Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Florida Department of Health, Bureau of Vital Statistics, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online. See also How to order Florida Vital Records

    For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Florida.

    Birth Records
    Death Records
    Divorce Records

    Societies and Libraries

    Alachua County Genealogical Society
    Post Office Box 12078
    Gainesville, FL 32604

    Archer Historical Society
    PO Box 1850
    Archer, FL 32618
    Telephone Number: 352-495-2310 General inquiries
    Telephone Number: 352-495-2289 Museum Inquiries

    Micanopy Historical Society
    706 NE Cholokka Blvd.
    PO Box 462
    Micanopy, FL 32667
    Telephone Number: 352-466-3200

    Family History Centers

    Family history centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See family history center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.



    1. Alice Eichholz, Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, Revised ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1992), 13-28. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 1992
    2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alachua County, Florida. Page 133 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
    3. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
    4. Wikipedia contributors, "Alachua County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Florida 04/21/2017.
    5. Wikipedia contributors, "Alachua County, Florida," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 17 September 2018.