African American Resources for Missouri

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Introduction

Online Resources

Online Resources for Missouri


Online Resources for St. Louis, Missouri

Research Strategy

History

  • McLaurin, Melton Alonza, Celia, A Slave (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991). Discusses the trial in 1855 of eighteen-year-old slave Celia for the murder of her abusive master Robert Newsom in Callaway County, Missouri.
  • Greene, Lorenzo Johnston. Missouri's Black Heritage. Gary R. Kremer, Anthony F. Holland; forward by Julius K. Hunter; Saint Louis, Mo.: Forum Press, c. 1980. 195 p. E185.93 M7 G73

Resources

Biographies

  • Historic Missourians: African Americans
  • James Cox: This was posted on the Missouri Genealogy Research Community on Facebook: Record of a slave girl named Malinda, born about 1824 and was hired out to work for W. S. Pollard and C. Bustes (sp) during 1860. Her owner, James Cox, had died in 1858 in Kingston Twp, Caldwell, Mo. See post.

Cemeteries

Census Records

Church Records

Emancipation Records

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Land and Property

Plantation

Oral Histories

Other Records

Military Records

Newspapers

Probate Records

Reconstruction Records

Freedman’s Bank

An excellent source is the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company (visit the African American Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Records page to learn more). This company was created to assist African American soldiers of the Civil War and freed slaves. Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company signature cards or registers from 3 March 1865 to 25 July 1874 may list the name of the depositor, date of entry, age, birthplace, residence, complexion, name of employer or occupation, wife or husband’s name, death information, children’s names, name of father and mother, brothers’ and sisters’ names, remarks, and signature. Early books sometimes contained the name of the former master or mistress and the name of the plantation. Copies of death certificates were sometimes attached to the entries. The collection is organized alphabetically by state, then city where the bank was located, then date the account was established, then account number.

Online collections of Freedman's Bank records:

Freedmen's Bureau

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was created by the US government in 1865 until 1872 to assist former slaves in the southern United States. The Bureau created a wide variety of records extremely valuable to genealogists. Such documents include censuses, marriage records, and medical records. These records often include full names, former masters and plantations, and current residences.[1] For 1865 and 1866, the section on abandoned and confiscated lands includes the names of the owners of the plantations or homes that were abandoned, confiscated, or leased. It gives the county and location, a description of the house, the number of acres owned, and the number of cabins of former slaves. These films do not appear to contain the names of former slaves.

To find Freedmen's Bureau records:

Other FamilySearch collections not included:

Visit the African American Freedmen's Bureau Records page to learn more about utilizing these records.

School Records

Slavery Records

Vital Records

Birth

  • Missouri, Birth Registers, 1847-1910 ($) - information may include name, gender, race, residence, birth date and place, number of child, and parents and their birthplaces, residence, and occupation

Marriage

The Freedmen's Bureau (1865-1872) was created by the US government to assist former slaves in the southern United States. One of their responsibilities was to record the marriages (past and present) of the former slaves. These records can be found in the collections below and include the lists of marriages that occurred previously, marriage certificates, and marriage licenses. The information contained on the records may include the name of the husband and wife/groom and bride, age, occupation, residence, year or date of marriage, by whom, number of children, and remarks.

Death

Divorce

Voting Registers

Archives and Libraries

The Griot Museum of Black History
2505 St. Louis Ave.
St. Louis, MO 63106-2324
Phone: 314-241-7507
Email: info@thegriotmuseum.com

The George B. Vashon Museum
2223 St. Louis Ave.
St. Louis, MO 63106
Email: info@georgevashonmuseum.org

Societies

References

  1. "African American Records: Freedmen's Bureau," "African American Heritage," National Archives, accessed 11 May 2018.