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African American Resources for Maine

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Introduction[edit | edit source]

Online Resources[edit | edit source]

Research Strategy[edit | edit source]

History[edit | edit source]

The earliest African Americans in Maine were slaves. Slavery was infrequent in colonial Maine; slavery was outlawed after the American Revolution. Free blacks also settled in Maine during this time, arriving as seamen or working on ships along the waterfront. African Americans often worked on the waterfront, owned small businesses, worked on railroad, were teamsters or drivers, or worked in the service industry in the 1800s. Some blacks were also laborers, woodsmen, or firefighters. It is estimated that in 1850 more than half of working African American men in Maine worked in maritime-related trades. By the later 1800s, African Americans worked in a variety of other industries as well.[1]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Emancipation Records[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Plantation[edit | edit source]

Oral Histories[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Maine is in the process of digitizing and making available online all of their historical newspapers (for more information go to www.maine.gov). Go to Maine Newspaper Project for a list of all the newspapers currently digitized and links to access them.

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Reconstruction Records[edit | edit source]

Freedman’s Bank[edit | edit source]

Freedmen's Bureau[edit | edit source]

School Records[edit | edit source]

Slavery Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

  • Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921 - information may include name, birth date and place, gender, race, no. of child, living or stillborn, and parents and their name, birthplace, race, residence, and occupation
  • Maine, Birth Records, 1715-1922 ($) - information may include name, birth date and place, gender, race, no. of child, living or stillborn, and parents and their name, birthplace, race, residence, and occupation

Marriage[edit | edit source]

  • Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921 - information may include the bride and groom’s name, residence, age, race, occupation, birthplace, number of marriage, marital status, and marriage date and place
  • Maine, Marriage Records, 1713-1922 ($) - information may include the bride and groom’s name, residence, age, race, occupation, birthplace, number of marriage, marital status, and marriage date and place

Death[edit | edit source]

  • Maine Vital Records, 1670-1921 - information may include name, death date and place, age, birthplace, gender, race, marital status, occupation, cause of death, place of burial, and parents and their birthplaces
  • Maine, Death Records, 1761-1922 ($) - information may include name, death date and place, age, birthplace, gender, race, marital status, occupation, cause of death, place of burial, and parents and their birthplaces

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Voting Registers[edit | edit source]

Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Kanes, Candace. "Blacks in Maine." Maine History Online. https://www.mainememory.net/sitebuilder/site/793/page/1203/display. Accessed 17 August 2018.