African American Resources for Georgia

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Introduction

Online Resources

Record Collections

Digital Archives

Lists of Sources

Research Strategy

History

  • Caldwell, Arthur Bunyan, History of the American Negro and His Institutions, Georgia Edition Volume 1
  • Caldwell, Arthur Bunyan, History of the American Negro and His Institutions, Georgia Edition, Volume 2
  • The Black Side: a partial history of the business, religious, and educational side of the Negro in Atlanta, Ga. / by Edward R. Carter. - Atlanta:[s.n.], 1894/ - ix, 323 p.Micro 28148 F LC copy replaced by microfilm.
  • Homecoming: African-American Family History in Georgia / Carole Merritt. - [Atlant: African-American Family History Association, c 1982. - 122 p. E185.93G4 M47 1982
  • Distinguished Negro Georgians. - Dallas: Royal Pub. Co., [1961]. - 203 p. E185.93 G4 T7
  • Profiles of Black Georgia Baptists: two hundred and six years of Black Georgia Baptist History, one hundred years of national Baptist history as told by Clarence M. Wagner. - Gainesville, GA.: Wagner, c 1980. - 268 p. BX6444.G4 W33
  • Stewart, Roma Jones, Africans in Georgia, 1870 (Chicago, Illinois:Homeland, c1993)

Resources

Biographies

Cemeteries

Census Records

Church Records

Emancipation Records

Funeral Homes

Genealogies

Land and Property

Plantation

Oral Histories

Other Records

Military Records

Newspapers

Probate Records

Reconstruction Records

Freedman's Bank

An excellent source is the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company (visit the African American Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Records page to learn more). This company was created to assist African American soldiers of the Civil War and freed slaves. Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company signature cards or registers from 3 March 1865 to 25 July 1874 may list the name of the depositor, date of entry, age, birthplace, residence, complexion, name of employer or occupation, wife or husband’s name, death information, children’s names, name of father and mother, brothers’ and sisters’ names, remarks, and signature. Early books sometimes contained the name of the former master or mistress and the name of the plantation. Copies of death certificates were sometimes attached to the entries. The collection is organized alphabetically by state, then city where the bank was located, then date the account was established, then account number.

Online collections of Freedman's Bank records:

Freedmen's Bureau

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was created by the US government in 1865 until 1872 to assist former slaves in the southern United States. The Bureau created a wide variety of records extremely valuable to genealogists. Such documents include censuses, marriage records, and medical records. These records often include full names, former masters and plantations, and current residences.[1] For 1865 and 1866, the section on abandoned and confiscated lands includes the names of the owners of the plantations or homes that were abandoned, confiscated, or leased. It gives the county and location, a description of the house, the number of acres owned, and the number of cabins of former slaves. These films do not appear to contain the names of former slaves.

To find Freedmen's Bureau records:

Other FamilySearch collections not included:

School Records

Slavery Records

Number of Slaves in Georgia[2]
1860 1850 1840 1830 1820 1810 1800 1790
462198 381682 280944 217531 149656 105218 59406 29264


Number of Free People of Color in Georgia[2]
1860 1850 1840 1830 1820 1810 1800 1790
3500 2931 2753 2486 1763 1801 1019 398


Contents: Vol. 1. sect. 1. Atlanta, Augusta, Baldwin, Bartow, Bibb, Bryan -- v. 1. sect. 2. Burke -- v. 1. sect. 3. Campbell, Carroll, Cass, Chatham, Chattahoochee, Clarke, Cobb, Columbia, Columbus, Covington, Coweta, Dekalb, Dooly, Early, Elbert, Emanuel, Fayette, Floyd, Franklin, Fulton, Greene, Gwinnett, Hancock, Henry, Houston, Jasper, Jefferson, Jones, LaGrange, Liberty, Lincoln, Lowndes, Lumkin -- v. 2. sect. 1. Macon, Madison, Marion, McIntosh, Meriwether, Milledgeville, Monroe, Morgan, Murray, Muscogee, Oglethorpe, Perry, Pulaski, Putnam, Randolph, Richmond, Savannah, Spartanburg, Stewart, Sumter, Telfair, Troup, Twiggs, Upson, Walton, Washington, Whitfield, Wilkes -- v. 2. sect. 2. Unidentified counties -- v. 2. sect. 3. Freedmen and contractors. and contractors.
  • Cotner, Neal N. Extractions of Slaves' Names from Select Georgia and Alabama Wills (SLC, Utah, 1992) FHL film 1697603 item 14 Extractions of slaves' names from wills of seven Traylor families of Troup, Jasper, and Upson counties, Georgia; and Lowndes and Dallas counties, Alabama. Wills dated from 1817 to 1860. 46 slaves listed.
  • United States Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands, Records of the assistant commissioner for the state of Georgia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-1869:NARA, RG105, M798 (Washington D.C.:NARA, 1968) FHL films 1498626 (first of 36) (digital images available on the FamilySearch Catalog)
"On the 36 rolls of this microfilm publication are reproduced the records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Georgia, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, 1865-69. A few papers are dated as early as 1862. The records consist of 34 volumes of communications sent, registers, and orders issued; and of unbound letters and reports received and miscellaneous papers. The documents were created or received by the Assistant Commissioner ...The records are part of Record Group 105, Records of the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands. ...The editorial material for this publication was prepared by Elaine Everly." -- P. 1, 8.
The library has bound numbers 791-800 together. Some numbers are missing.
  • Mohr, Clarence L. On the Threshold of Freedom: Masters and Slaves in Civil War Georgia. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1986

Vital Records

Birth

Marriage

The Freedmen's Bureau (1865-1872) was created by the US government to assist former slaves in the southern United States. One of their responsibilities was to record the marriages (past and present) of the former slaves. These records can be found in the collections below and include the lists of marriages that occurred previously, marriage certificates, and marriage licenses. The information contained on the records may include the name of the husband and wife/groom and bride, age, occupation, residence, year or date of marriage, by whom, number of children, and remarks.

Death

  • Georgia Deaths 1914-1927 - lists name, death date and place, burial date and place, gender, race, marital status, birth date and place, age, occupation, cause of death, parents and their birthplaces
  • Georgia Deaths, 1928-1940 - lists name, death date and place, burial date and place, gender, race, residence, marital status, birth date and place, age, occupation, cause of death, parents and their birthplaces

Divorce

Voting Registers

Archives and Libraries

Georgia Archives
University System of Georgia
5800 Jonesboro Road
Morrow, GA 30260
Phone: (678) 364-3710
Website: Georgia Archives
The website contains a guide to the African American resources at the archives.

Societies

References

  1. "African American Records: Freedmen's Bureau," "African American Heritage," National Archives, accessed 11 May 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Ninth Census of the United States: Statistics of Population, Tables I to VIII Inclusive (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1872), 21-22. Digital version at Internet Archive; FHL Book 973 X2pcu.