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A Glossary of Genealogical Terms

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A

a (ab)[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "from, by."
a cagione di[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "because of."
a casa[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "at home."
a reçu[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "has received."
a, az[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "the."
außer Dienst(a.D.)[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "formerly employed, retired."
avioliiton ulkopuolella[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "illegitimate, out of wedlock."

a[edit | edit source]

  • Czech word for "and."
  • French word for "has."
  • Portuguese word for "the (feminine)" and "to, toward."
  • Spanish word for "to, in, into, on."
abuela materna (Aa.M.)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "maternal grandmother."
abuela paterna (Aa.P.)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "paternal grandmother."
aamu[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "morning."
aamulla[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "in the morning."
aamupäivä[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "forenoon."
aan, Afrikaans[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "to."
aan, Dutch[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "upon, to."
aand[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "evening."
aangenome naam[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "alias."
aangenomen naam[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "named, alias, also known as, assumed name, accepted surname."
aangiften[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "intentions (marriage), declarations."
aanneem[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "to adopt (a child)."
aannemen[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "to adopt (a child), to assume, to take on."
aanneming[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "confirmation."
aannemingsdag[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "day of confirmation."
aanstaande, Afrikaans[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "betrothed, future (husband/wife), next."
aanstaande, Dutch[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "next, toward, following, expectant, future, impending."
aanval[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "stroke, attack."
aarde, Afrikaans[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "earth (buried in)."
  • Dutch word for "earth (buried in), ground."
aardrijkskundig woordenboek[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "gazetteer."
aardrykskundige woordeboek[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "gazetteer."
aateli(nen)[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "noble."
aatelisto[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "nobility."
aatto[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "eve."
ab[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "from, since."
ab hoc mense[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "from this month on."
abaixo-assinado[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "undersigned."
abavia[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "great-great-grandmother."
abavus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "great-great-grandfather, ancestor."
abbiamo[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "we have."
abbiente[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "owner."
abbracciatutto[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "jack-of-all-trades."
abcesso[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "abscess."
abdormitus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "died."
abdormivit[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "he/she died."
Abend[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "evening."
abends[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "in the evening."
aber[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "but."
abgestorben[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "deceased."
abiatico[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "grandson."
abiit[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "he/she died."
abinde[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "since."
abitante[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "inhabitant."
abitare[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "to live."
abitazione[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "home, residence."
abitus est[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "he/she died, went away."
abjectarius[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "cabinetmaker, woodworker."
abjurations[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "renunciations of Protestant faith."
abjuro[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "to renounce by oath."
ablutus est[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "he was baptized."
abogado[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "lawyer."
abolished[edit | edit source]
  • Done away with, discontinued.
abril (abl)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish and Portuguese word for "April."
abs[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "from, by."
absceso[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "abscess."
abscessus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "death."
Absentee landlords[edit | edit source]
  • Landowners who lived far away from the area they owned. Most of the landowners for Prince Edward Island before 1873 lived in Great Britain. People who lived on the island rented or leased the land from them.
absolution[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "absolution, last rites."
absolvere[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "to give absolution."
absque[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "without, except."
absterben[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "to die, to die off."
abstersus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "baptized."
Abstract Index of Deeds, Canada[edit | edit source]
  • A type of land record that documents the chronological history of land transfers in Ontario, Canada, from one person to another. Each township or village in southern Ontario had a book with a page reserved for each individual parcel of land. Parcels were usually described by concession and lot numbers within the township or by lot numbers on subdivision plans of the village. The page listed the document number for each land transaction applying to that parcel of land and the date the document was registered. The document numbers in the Abstract Index of Deeds refer to original deeds and wills which were copied into separate county, township, or village deed books. The Abstract Index of Deeds is particularly important in Ontario research since few indexes to grantors (sellers) and grantees (buyers) exist. Also called Abstract Index of Title.
Abstract Index of Title, Canada:[edit | edit source]
  • A type of land record that documents the chronological history of land transfers in Ontario, Canada, from one person to another. Each township or village in southern Ontario had a book with a page reserved for each individual parcel of land. Parcels were usually described by concession and lot numbers within the township or by lot numbers on subdivision plans of the village. The page listed the document number for each land transaction applying to that parcel of land and the date the document was registered. The document numbers in the Abstract Index of Title refer to original deeds and wills which were copied into separate county, township, or village deed books. The Abstract Index of Title is particularly important in Ontario research since few indexes to grantors (sellers) and grantees (buyers) exist. Also called Abstract Index of Deeds.
Abstract, census[edit | edit source]
  • The summary of census results sent to the United States government by the census taker.
Abstract, general[edit | edit source]
  • A summary that contains only the pertinent points of a longer text. Abstracts are commonly created for articles (such as obituaries) in periodicals and newspapers and for documents or collections of records.
abuela[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "grandmother."
abuela materna (Aa.M.)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "maternal grandmother."
abuela paterna (Aa.P.)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "paternal grandmother."
abuelo[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "grandfather."
abuelos[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "grandparents."
abuo[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "I baptize, I wash."
aby[edit | edit source]
  • Polish and Czech word for "so that."
ac[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "and."
Acadia, Canada[edit | edit source]
  • A region in what is now Eastern Canada that comprises the present-day provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island. The area remained under French control until the end of Queen Anne's War (1702–1713). The Treaty of Utrecht (1713), which ended this war, gave Acadia to Great Britain. A dispute arose, however, because some parts of Acadia had remained neutral during the war, so only peninsular Nova Scotia ended up in British control at that time. In 1755, during the French and Indian Wars, the British tried to force the Acadians to swear an oath of allegiance to the British king. The Acadians who refused were forced to move south. After suffering many hardships, most returned to southern New Brunswick. About 4,000 went to Louisiana, then a French colony, where they became the Cajuns.
Acadian[edit | edit source]
  • A person from Acadia; also a descendant of French settlers who came from the Acadia region of Canada, or present-day New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. In 1755 during the French and Indian Wars, the British tried to force the Acadians to swear an oath of allegiance to the British king. When they refused, many were forced to move south. After suffering many hardships, some returned to northern New Brunswick and to coastal areas of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island. About 4,000 went to Louisiana, then a French colony, where their descendants became known as the Cajuns.
acatholicus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "non-Catholic, Protestant."
accanto[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "beside."
Accelerated Indexing Systems[edit | edit source]
  • A private company that published indexes to various United States censuses and other records.
accipio[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "to take, receive, take possession of."
accola[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "local resident."
accoucher[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "give birth."
accoucheuse[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "midwife."
Account, financial[edit | edit source]
  • The records containing information regarding an individual’s or institution’s financial dealings.
Account, guardianship[edit | edit source]
  • A record that contains the details of a guardian’s services in support of a minor child.
Accounts, probate[edit | edit source]
  • Records that show all transactions pertaining to the settlement of a deceased person's estate.
accusato[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "accused, charged."
acheter[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "to buy."
acht[edit | edit source]
  • German and Dutch word for "eight."
achte[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "eighth."
achtenswaardig[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "respectable, honorable."
achtentwintig[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "twenty-eight."
achtentwintigste[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "twenty-eighth."
achterkleindochter[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "great-granddaughter."
achterkleinzoon[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "great-grandson."
achternaam[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "surname, last name."
achtste[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "eighth."
achttien[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "eighteen."
achttiende[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "eighteenth."
achtundzwanzig[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "twenty-eight."
achtundzwanzigste[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "twenty-eighth."
achtzehn[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "eighteen."
achtzehnhundert[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "eighteen hundred."
achtzehnte[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "eighteenth."
achtzig[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "eighty."
achtzigste[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "eightieth."
acicularius[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "needle maker."
Acid free[edit | edit source]
  • Acid in poor quality paper causes the destruction of documents and photographs. Documents whould be written on acid free paper, and documents should be stored in acid-free containers. See archival quality.
Ackermann[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "farmer."
acordo[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "agreement."
acougueiro[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "butcher."
acquiescat[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "he/she reposes, dies, is content with."
acquietus est[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "he died."
acra[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "acre."
acre[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "acre."
Act book[edit | edit source]
  • A day-by-day account of probate court actions. Also called grant book.
Act of the Parliament of Canada[edit | edit source]
  • A decision, law, or determination made by the Parliament of Canada. Divorce in Canada used to require an act of Parliament.
Act of Union, Canada[edit | edit source]
  • A law passed by the British Parliament in 1840 that established a united government for Lower Canada (to be called Canada East and later Québec) and Upper Canada (to be called Canada West and later Ontario). In 1791 the British government had established two colonies in central Canada: one to please the English-speaking United Empire Loyalists and another to please the French-speaking settlers. These two colonies had separate governments until the Act of Union took effect in 1841. The act provided for one governor to oversee both colonies. It established two legislative bodies. The legislative council was made up of 20 people appointed by the governor. The legislative assembly was made up of 42 members elected by the people in the colonies. The act established English as the only official language for councils and assemblies. French was made the second official language in 1848.
acta[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "record, document."
acte de baptême[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "baptismal record."
acte de décès[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "death record."
acte de naissance[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "birth certificate, record."
acte de sépulture[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "burial record."
Actes de tutelle[edit | edit source]
  • A French term for guardianship agreement.
Actes notaries[edit | edit source]
  • The French term for notarial records, which are records prepared by a notary. In France, Québec, and other areas of the world, notaries prepare acts and contracts and certify authentic copies of them. Some important notarial records in France include marriage contracts (contrats de mariage), wills (testaments), divisions of property among heirs (partages and successions), household inventories taken after someone's death (inventaires des biens or inventaires après décès), and guardianship agreements (actes de tutelle).
Action against Sweden, in Bohuslän (1788)[edit | edit source]
  • A failed attempt by Norway to capture the fortress at Bohus.
actum[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "record."
Acuerdos[edit | edit source]
  • The Spanish term for an agreement or settlement.
[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "to, at, in, for, towards."
Addendum[edit | edit source]
  • A portion of the International Genealogical Index® that contains the names acquired since the main file was published.
Addendum, Index to the Old Parochial Registers of Scotland on Microfiche, Scotland[edit | edit source]
  • One of the two parts of the index to the Old Parochial Registers of Scotland. It contains all entries that were missed in the Main index. The index is organized alphabetically by surname.
Additional Information, Scotland Church Records[edit | edit source]
  • A field on the Scottish Church Records that contains notes written by the person who indexed the original record. This field may contain frame numbers, additional relatives, or other information.
Address[edit | edit source]
  • The street or mailing location where a person or a business is located or may be communicated with.
Addressbücher, Germany[edit | edit source]
  • The German word for a city directory, which lists the names, addresses, and possibly telephone numbers of people living in the same city.
addì[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "on the day."
adel[edit | edit source]
  • Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish word for "nobility."
Adel, German[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "gentry, nobleman."
adelig[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "noble."
adellijk[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "noble, titled."
adelsman[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "nobleman."
adelsmann[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "nobleman."
aderlating[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "bleeding, bloodletting."
aderton(de)[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "eighteen (eighteenth)."
adesso[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "now."
adhuc[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "as yet, still."
adjoint du maire[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "mayor's assistant."
Adjutant[edit | edit source]
  • An officer in the army, air force, or marines who helps other higher-ranking officers with tasks such as correspondence.
Administration[edit | edit source]
  • A legal document appointing a person to supervise the distribution of an estate belonging to a person who died intestate (without a will). An administration may also be called a letter of administration or admon.
adjutor[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "assistant."
adjuvenis[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "assistant."
adlig[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "noble."
administración[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "administration."
Administration bond[edit | edit source]
  • A written statement posted by the administrator of an estate guaranteeing that he or she will faithfully perform the tasks assigned by the probate court.
Administration of estate[edit | edit source]
  • A legal document appointing a person to supervise the distribution of an estate belonging to a person who died intestate (without a will). An administration may also be called a letter of administration or admon.
Administrator[edit | edit source]
  • An individual appointed by a court to settle a deceased individual’s estate if that individual did not leave a will.
administração[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "administration."
Admiral[edit | edit source]
  • A high-ranking officer in the navy or coast guard. There are four grades of admiral: admiral of the fleet, vice-admiral, admiral, and rear-admiral. The admiral of the fleet is the highest-ranking officer in the British navy.
Admiral of the fleet[edit | edit source]
  • The highest-ranking officer in the British navy.
Admiralty court[edit | edit source]
  • A court with jurisdiction over ships and seamen. Admiralty courts were originally British courts. After the Revolutionary War, federal district courts began handling admiralty cases in the United States.
Admiralty court, Pennsylvania[edit | edit source]
  • A court established in 1697 in Maryland to deal with issues of navigation and trade. This court had jurisdiction in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and West Jersey. In 1789, this court was dissolved and the authority transferred to federal jurisdiction.
Admission record[edit | edit source]
  • A record created when an individual became a member of a church or a particular congregation.
Admon[edit | edit source]
  • A legal document appointing a person to supervise the distribution of an estate belonging to a person who died intestate (without a will). An admon may also be called a letter of administration or administration bond.
Admon with will[edit | edit source]
  • A record granting the right to administer an estate when the executor named in the will is deceased or unwilling or unable to act as executor.
adolescens[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "young man, adolescent."
adoptado (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "adopted."
adopterad[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "adopted."
adopteret[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "adopted."
adoptert[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "adopted."
adoptiert[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "adopted."
Adoption[edit | edit source]
  • A legal process in which the rights, privileges, and duties of caring for a child are transferred from the natural parent(s) to another individual or couple.
Adoption record[edit | edit source]
  • A record of the legal proceedings in which the rights, privileges, and duties of caring for a child are transferred from the natural parent(s) to another individual or couple.
Adoptive parents[edit | edit source]
  • Parents who legally assume responsibility for the rights and privileges of a child not born to them. The duty of caring for the child is transferred from the natural parents to the adoptive parents.
adoptovaný[edit | edit source]
  • Czech word for "adopted."
adoptowany[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "adopted."
adoptált[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "adopted."
adopté(e)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "adopted."
adotado (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "adopted."
adottato, -a[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "adopted."
adresboek[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "directory."
adress[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "address."
adressbok[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "directory."
adresse[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "address."
adulterio[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "adultery."
adulterium[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "adultery."
adultère[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "adulterer."
adultério[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "adultery."
advenit[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "he appeared, came."
advocaat[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "notary, lawyer."
advocatus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "lawyer."
advogado (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "lawyer."
advokaat[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "advocate, lawyer."
adó[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "tax."
adúltero (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "adulterer."
aeger[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "sick."
aegyptus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "gypsy."
aequalis[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "equal."
aetas (aetatis)[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "age."
aetate[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "(being) in the age of, age."
af[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "by."
af[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "of, at, by, from."
afdeling[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "part, division, portion."
afdød[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "deceased."
afficher les bans[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "post banns."
affiché[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "posted (on door)."
Affidavit[edit | edit source]
  • A voluntarily written declaration of facts that is confirmed by the oath of the individual making the declaration and witnessed by an individual having authority to administer such an oath.
African-American[edit | edit source]
  • A term generally used in the United States to describe residents of African descent.
affinitas[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "relationship by marriage."
affinità[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "relationship."
affirmavit[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "he/she affirmed, confirmed, asserted."
affittuario, -a[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "renter, tenant."
afgangne[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "departed."
afgangsliste[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "moving-out record."
afgift[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "duty, monetary fee."
afi[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "grandfather."
afkondigen[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "to post banns."
afkondigingen[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "proclamations, banns."
aflausn[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "public remission of sins."
Ancestral File number (AFN)[edit | edit source]
  • A number used to identify each record in Ancestral File.
afogamento[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "drowning."
afschrift(en)[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "extract, duplicate record, transcript, certified copy."
afskrif(te)[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "duplicate, transcript."
aften[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "evening."
afton[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "evening."
aftægt[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "support received after giving up an estate."
ag, agt[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "eight."
Agency records[edit | edit source]
  • Records kept by an agency of the United States government, such as the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) or the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).
agente[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "agent."
agentis[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "of the official."
agglegény[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "bachelor."
agnatus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "blood relative in the male line."
ago[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "August."
agosto, Spanish (ago, agto)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "August."
agonia[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "cramps."
agosto[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "August."
agosto[edit | edit source]
  • Italian and Portuguese word for "August."
agosto, Spanish (ago, agto)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "August."
Agreement and crew list, Britain[edit | edit source]
  • A list of crew members serving on a ship that includes written agreements stating each crew member's wages, the capacity in which he was serving, and the nature of the voyage. Masters or owners of merchant ships were required to keep these lists and agreements starting in 1747 when Parliament passed the Act for the Relief of Disabled Seamen. Lists for a few ports survive for the period 1747 to 1834.
Agricultural schedule[edit | edit source]
  • A list in the 1850 to 1880 censuses that contains information on farms and the names of farmers.
agricola[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "farmer."
agricoltore[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "farmer."
agricultor[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "farmer."
agste[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "eighth."
agt-en-twintig[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "twenty-eight."
agt-en-twintigste[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "twenty-eighth."
agterkleindogter[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "great-granddaughter."
agterkleinkind[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "great-grandchild."
agterkleinseun[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "great-grandson."
agtien[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "eighteen."
agtiende[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "eighteenth."
agto[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "August."
agyláz[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "brain fever."
agyvérzés[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "stroke, apoplexy."
ahenarius[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "coppersmith."
Ahnen[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "ancestors."
Ahnenpaß, Germany[edit | edit source]
  • A type of record kept by many Germans during the Nazi era, starting in about 1937. It documents four generations of a person's family. The information was usually verified from civil registration records and parish registers. The English term for this type of record is ancestor passport.
Ahnentafel chart[edit | edit source]
  • A table that lists the name and date and place of birth, marriage, and death for an individual and specified number of his or her ancestors. The first individual on the list is number one, the father is number two, the mother is number three, the paternal grandfather is number four, the paternal grandmother is number five, and so forth. Ahnentafel is a German word meaning ancestor chart or ancestor table. This chart is also called a continental pedigree.
ahí[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "there."
ai (ay)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "I have."
aika[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "time, date."
aikainen[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "early, (A.M.)."
aikaisempi[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "earlier."
aikakauskirja[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "periodical."
aikanaan[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "in due time."
aina[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "always."
ainda[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "still."
ainoa[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "only."
ainsi que[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "as well as."
Accelerated Indexing Systems (AIS or AISI)[edit | edit source]
  • A private company that published indexes to various United States censuses and other records.
aivokuume[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "encephalitis, inflammation of the brain."
aivotärähdys[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "concussion."
ajaja[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "coachman."
ajomies[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "coachman."
akatolicki[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "non-Catholic."
aki[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "who."
akt[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "an entry in a register, record."
akta malzenstw, akta slubów[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "marriage records."
akta urodzin[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "birth records."
akta zapowiedzi[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "banns records."
akta zejsc[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "death records."
akta zgonów[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "death records."
akte[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "certificate, deed, license."
Akten[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "documents."
akur[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "field."
akuszerka[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "midwife."
ala, ali[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "low(er), under."
Alabama Territory, USA[edit | edit source]
  • A territory established in 1817 that covered all of present-day Alabama.
alacsony[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "short."
alaikäinen[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "minor, underaged."
alapos[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "thorough."
alatt[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "under, before, during."
albacea[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "executor of estate."
Albarazado[edit | edit source]
  • A term used in Catholic church registers to describe a person from Spanish-speaking Latin America whose ancestry is a mix of Indian and Caucasian. Racial classifications were often based on physical appearance or social status; therefore, they were not always accurate
albañil[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "stonemason."
albei[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "both."
albergatore[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "innkeeper."
albero genealogico[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "pedigree."ays accurate.
Albino[edit | edit source]
  • A term used in Catholic Church registers to describe a person from Spanish-speaking Latin America whose ancestry is African and Caucasian. Racial classifications were often based on physical appearance or social status; therefore, they were not always accurate.
albo[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "or."
albus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "white."
American Lutheran Church Archives (ALC Archives)[edit | edit source]
  • The central archives of the American Lutheran Church.
alcalde[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "mayor."
Alcalde Ordinario, New Mexico[edit | edit source]
  • A Spanish term referring to a mayor's court that handled civil and criminal cases in what is now the state of New Mexico between 1598 and 1847.
alcunha[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "name."
alcuni, -e[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "some."
alcuno, -a[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "any, some."
aldea[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "village."
alder[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "age."
alderdomssvaghed[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "weakness from old age."
alderdomssvakhet[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "weakness of old age."
Alderman's court[edit | edit source]
  • A court created in 1851 by the Provisional State of Deseret. No records for this court appear to exist.
aldri[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "never."
aldrig[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "never."
aldur[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "age."
ale[edit | edit source]
  • Polish and Czech word for "but."
alemannus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "German."
alemán (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "German."
alemão (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "German."
Aleuts[edit | edit source]
  • The native people who have traditionally lived on the Aleutian Islands, off the coast of Alaska. The Aleuts call themselves Unangan, meaning "we the people." Though they are descended from the Eskimos, the Aleuts speak a different language.
alfaiate[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "tailor."
alfarero[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "potter."
Algerie[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "Algeria."
algodão[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "cotton."
algodón[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "cotton."
algum (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "some."
algún (o, a)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "some, someone."
alhier[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "here, at this place, locally."
ali[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "there."
Alias surname[edit | edit source]
  • A second surname that a person adopts. This was a common practice in Germany. In German records, aliases may be preceded by the word genannt, vulgo, modo, sive, or alias. A few people in France, mostly sailors or soldiers, also took alias surnames. These were preceded by the word dit, meaning so-called.
alias, Afrikaans[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "alias, known as, otherwise."
alias, Italian[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "alias, also known as."
alias, Latin[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "also, otherwise, or, at, another, called."
alibi[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "elsewhere, at another time."
Alien crew list, USA[edit | edit source]
  • A list of aliens employed on United States vessels as members of the crew.
Alien's declaration, Canada[edit | edit source]
  • A type of Canadian naturalization record in which aliens declare their intent to become Canadian citizens.
Alien's intention[edit | edit source]
  • The first legal document an alien files when he or she wishes to become a citizen of the United States. Filing this form signifies that the alien intends to become a citizen and will renounce all allegiance to other governments. The alien's intention is sometimes called a declaration of intention or first papers.
Aliens’ register[edit | edit source]
  • A document created during the Report and Registry process that listed all immigrants who reported to a local court to register their arrival in the United States.
alité[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "bedridden."
aliud (alius)[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "other, another."
all'uopo[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "to this end."
alla[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "under."
alla nascita[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "time of birth."
alla, allt[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "all."
alle[edit | edit source]
  • Danish, German, and Norwegian word for "all."
alle ore[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "at the hour."
alle ore sedici[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "at the sixteenth hour (4:00 p.m.)."
alle, Dutch[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "all, every."
alleen, Afrikaans[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "alone, single."
alleen, Dutch[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "alone, single, only."
allegati[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "supplements."
Allegheny Mountains (Alleghenies)[edit | edit source]
  • The mountain range that runs from Pennsylvania to Virginia. It is part of the Appalachian mountain range that extends from Maine to Alabama.
Allegheny Mountains (Alleghenies)[edit | edit source]
  • The mountain range that runs from Pennsylvania to Virginia. It is part of the Appalachian mountain range that extends from Maine to Alabama.
allekirjoittanut[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "undersigned."
Allemand(e)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "German."
allemania[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "Germany."
Allen County Public Library[edit | edit source]
alles[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "all, everything."
allevatore[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "animal feeder."
allhier[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "in this place."
alliance[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "marriage."
Allí te estás[edit | edit source]
  • A term used in Catholic Church registers to describe a person from Spanish-speaking Latin America whose ancestry is a mix of Indian, African, and Caucasian. Racial classifications were often based on physical appearance or social status; therefore, they were not always accurate.
allora[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "then."
Allowance docket[edit | edit source]
  • A list of court-ordered payments.
alltid[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian and Swedish word for "always."
allá[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "there."
allí[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "there."
alma, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "soul, person."
alma, Spanish[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "soul, inhabitant."
almeno[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "at least."
almisse[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "charity."
almisselem[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "indigent, poor."
alquiler, renta[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "rent."
Alsace Emigration Index[edit | edit source]
  • An index of people who emigrated from or through Elsaß-Lothringen (Alsace-Lorraine) between 1817 and 1866. About half of the people mentioned in this index are French. The others are mostly Swiss and German.
Alsace-Lorraine[edit | edit source]
  • Two regions in modern-day France that are located along the German border. Germany won these two regions in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian war. (The German term for the region is Elsaß-Lothringen.) France regained these two regions in 1919 with the Peace of Versailles.
Alsacien(ne)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "Alsatian."
Alsatian[edit | edit source]
  • A person from the Alsace region of France. Since many Alsatians spoke more German than French, they were often called Germans when they emigrated to other countries. Many Alsatians emigrated to Russia between 1763 and World War I. Beginning in 1874 many of these Russian Alsatians moved to the United States, Canada, and South America. In 1722 the Holy Roman emperors and Austro-Hungarian monarchs encouraged Alsatians and Germans to settle in their lands, especially on the border devastated by the Turks. Colonies developed in what became Hungary, Romania, and Yugoslavia. After World War II, many people of Alsatian descent moved to the United States, Canada, Australia, Brazil, and other nations.
alsó[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "lower."
alt-katholisch[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "old Catholic."
alt, Danish[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "all."
alt, German[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "old."
altare[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "altar."
Altbürger[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "full citizen."
Alter, German[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "age."
alter, Latin[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "the next, the other."
altera die[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "on the next day."
altergang[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "Communion."
Altersschwäche[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "weakness of old age."
altid[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "always."
altijd, steeds[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "always."
alto (a), Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "high."
alto, Italian[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "high."
altre volte[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "formerly."
altresì[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "also, too."
altro[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "other, else."
altura[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "height."
altyd[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "always."
alue[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "region, district."
aluguél[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "rent."
alulirott[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "undersigned."
Alumni directory[edit | edit source]
  • A list of the names and addresses of people who graduated from a school, university, or other educational facility.
alus[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "ship."
alutarius[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "tanner."
aláirás[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "signature."
além[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "beyond."
amanhã[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "tomorrow."
amanuense[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "scribe, clerk."
amarelo (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "yellow."
amarillo (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "yellow."
ambagsman[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "artisan, tradesman, workman."
ambedue[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "both."
ambo[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "both, two together."
ambos (as)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "both."
ambt[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "office."
ambtenaar[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "official, registrar, civil servant, clerk."
American[edit | edit source]
  • A person from the Western Hemisphere (North and South America). It can also refer to a person from the United States.
American Civil War (1861-1865)[edit | edit source]
  • The war with the highest casualty rate in the history of the United States. It divided the United States into two factions. The Union was composed of northern states who supported maintaining the power of the federal government and abolishing slavery. The Confederacy was composed of southern states who believed in maintaining more power at the state level and preserving slavery. Also called the War between the States and the War of Secession.
American Genealogical Biographical Index[edit | edit source]
  • A source containing over 12 million brief citations of individuals and families, mainly from New England, who are mentioned in manuscripts, periodicals, family histories, town and county histories, and published military records.
American Indians[edit | edit source]
  • The original inhabitants of North and South America. Also called Native Americans. In Canada the original inhabitants, Native Americans and Inuit (Eskimos), are often referred to as First Peoples or First Nations.
American Loyalist[edit | edit source]
  • An American colonist who remained loyal to the King of England during the Revolutionary War. Many Loyalists moved to Florida, the Caribbean Islands (including Cuba), Canada, or back to England after the Revolutionary War.
American Lutheran Church Archives[edit | edit source]
  • The central archives of the American Lutheran Church.
American State Papers, Land Grants and Claims[edit | edit source]
  • A published collection of about 80,000 diverse land claims, such as claims for state, Indian, and militia bounty lands. It does not contain information about land granted to war veterans.
ami(e)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "friend."
amico, -a[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "friend."
amigo (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "friend."
Amish[edit | edit source]
  • Members of the Old Order Amish Mennonite Church who followed the strict teachings of Jakob Ammann and broke from the Swiss Mennonites in the late 1600s. Many began migrating to America in 1720 and settled in eastern Pennsylvania. The "old order" followed strict practices that included severely plain dress and the shunning of electricity and telephones. After 1850 many "new-order" groups broke off to follow more modern practices. Today the largest old-order settlements are in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Iowa, Illinois, and Kansas.
amita[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "aunt, father's sister."
amitinus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "cousin, (child of father's sister)."
amma[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "grandmother."
Amman[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "bailiff, magistrate."
ammatti[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "profession, occupation."
amministratore[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "steward, manager."
amministrazione[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "administration."
amo[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "master, owner."
amogliato[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "took a wife."
amonestaciones[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "marriage banns."
amptenaar[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "official."
Amt[edit | edit source]
  • The Danish word for county.
  • German word for "office, district"
  • Norwegian word for "county"
amtmand[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "chief county administrator."
amtmann[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "chief county administrator."
Amtsgericht, Germany[edit | edit source]
  • A local court in Germany.
an (année)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "year."
Anabaptist[edit | edit source]
  • A religious movement that developed in Zurich, Switzerland, during the 16th century under the influence of Huldrych Zwingli. The Anabaptists, whose name means "rebaptizer," believed that infant baptism was blasphemous because people could not be punished for sin until they had developed an awareness of good and evil. Hence, though it was illegal, many Anabaptists were baptized a second time as adults. Anabaptists also believed in a separation of church and state, opposed war, and refused to swear oaths. The Mennonite and Amish faiths developed from the Anabaptist movement.
anabaptiste[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "Mennonite."
Anbauer[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "peasant."
Ancestor[edit | edit source]
  • An individual from whom one is descended.
Ancestor passport, Germany[edit | edit source]
  • A type of record kept by many Germans during the Nazi era, starting in about 1937. It documents four generations of a person's family. The information was usually verified in civil registration records. The German word for this type of record is Ahnenpaß.
ancestral[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "ancestor."
Ancestral File™[edit | edit source]
  • A computer file containing names and often other vital information (such as date and place of birth, marriage, or death) of millions of individuals who have lived throughout the world. Names are organized into family groups and pedigrees. To allow for coordination of research, the file also lists names and addresses of those who contributed to the file. Ancestral File™ is part of FamilySearch®.
Ancestral File™ number[edit | edit source]
  • A number used to identify each record in Ancestral File.
anche[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "also."
anciano (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "elderly."
ancilla[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "female servant."
ancillus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "male servant."
ancora[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "yet, still."
andarteppa[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "croup."
andast[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "die."
andaður, andaðir (plural)[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word "deceased (male), dead."
andedictus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "aforesaid."
anden[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "second."
anden gang[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "second time."
anden, andet[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "second, another."
ander(s), Afrikaans[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "different, other(s)."
ander(s), Dutch[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "other."
andere[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "other, next."
anders genoem[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "alias, also known as, differently called."
anders genoemd[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "alias, also known as."
andiamo[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "right away, immediately."
andlega vanheill[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "mentally deficient, weak-minded."
andra[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "second, others."
andre, Danish[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "others."
andre, French[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "others, other, next."
Andrea Leonardo Collection[edit | edit source]
  • A collection of research files about South Carolina families.
andtäppa[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "shortness of breath, asthma."
andvana fæddur[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "stillborn child."
anetavle, Danish[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "pedigree."
anetavle, Norwegian[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "pedigree chart."
anfald[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "seizures."
anfall, Norwegian[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "seizure, attack."
anfall, Swedish[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "seizure(s)."
anførelse[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "statement, quotation."
anført[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "entered, mentioned."
anførte[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "entered, mentioned."
Angeber[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "informant."
angeblich[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "alleged, assumed."
angiven[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "given, stated."
anglais(e)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "English."
anglia[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "England."
Anglican Church[edit | edit source]
  • A group of churches that are part of the Anglican Communion, which developed from the Church of England. The Anglican Church of Canada and the Episcopal Church in the United States are also members of the Anglican Communion. Anglican beliefs are based on the Nicene and Apostles' Creeds and follow the Book of Common Prayer, which outlines doctrine, discipline, and worship. National churches can revise the Book of Common Prayer to suit the needs of members in the country.
Anglican Communion[edit | edit source]
  • An international group of loosely organized, self-governing churches whose doctrines and practices are based on the Church of England. The major churches in the communion are the Church of England, the Anglican Church of Canada, and the Episcopal Church in the United States.
Anglo-American[edit | edit source]
  • An English-speaking person of European descent who is living in the United States.
angol[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "English."
Angola[edit | edit source]
  • A term used in Brazilian Catholic Church registers to describe an African from Angola. Racial classifications were often based on physical appearance or social status; therefore, they were not always accurate.
ani[edit | edit source]
  • Czech word for "not even."
anima[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "soul, spirit." Animam reddidit domino suo means "he/she returned the soul to his/her Lord (died)."
anime[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "parish census."
aniversario, Spanish[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "anniversary."
aniversário, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "anniversary, birthday."
anjo[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "angel, deceased child."
ankom[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "came, arrived."
ankomst[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "arrival."
anmerkning[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "remark, notice, note."
Anmerkungen[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "remarks."
anmärkningar[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "remarks, annotations."
anmærkning[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "remark, notice, note."
annan[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "other."
annar[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "second."
Anne Lea Nicholson Collection[edit | edit source]
  • A collection of documented family group records prepared by Anne Lea Nicholson. It is one of the first sources that should be checked for families from Gloucester, Salem, Burlington, Camden, and Cumberland counties in New Jersey and Philadelphia County in Pennsylvania.
annegato[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "drowned."
annen gang[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "second time."
annen, annet[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "second, another."
annettu[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "given."
Annexed[edit | edit source]
  • "Attached, attached to." For example: The United States annexed Texas in 1845.
anni[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "years."
anniversaire[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "anniversary."
anniversario[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "anniversary."
anno[edit | edit source]
  • Italian and Norwegian word for "year."
anno (Latin)[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "year."
anno domini[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "in the year of (our) Lord."
anno incarnationis[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "in the year (since/of) the incarnation (of the Lord)."
anno, Latin[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "in the year (of)."
annonsere[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "publish, announce."
annotazioni[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "annotations."
annuaire[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "directory."
Annual report[edit | edit source]
  • A report completed by stake, ward, branch, or mission clerks in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (The annual report from a branch may have been completed separately or as part of a mission report.) It lists the blessings, baptisms, confirmations, marriages, deaths, ordinations, missionary service, and divorces that occur in a stake, ward, branch, or mission during a given year. These reports were used from 1907 into the 1970s. In the United States and Canada, they were used until 1976. Also called Form E or Form 42FP.
Annual return[edit | edit source]
  • A yearly report made by the administrator or executor of an estate to a probate court.
annuale[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "annual, yearly."
Annuals Index[edit | edit source]
  • One of two indexes that comprise the PERiodical Source Index (PERSI). The Annuals Index is a subject index to articles that appeared in genealogical periodicals published in 1986 or later. This index is also on microfiche at the Family History Library™ (FHL fiche 6016864).
annuel[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "annual, yearly."
Annuity payment[edit | edit source]
  • A record that documents the payment of an annuity, which is a payment that is made annually or regularly at another interval.
annus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "year."
annus bissextus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "leap year."
ano, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "year."
anoppi[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "mother-in-law."
Anspänner[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "farmer."
antal[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "number, count."
antall[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "number, count."
antavla[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "pedigree chart."
ante[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "before, in front of, prior to."
ante meridiane[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "before noon."
ante meridiem[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "before noon (A.M.)."
antenato, -i[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "ancestor(s)."
antepasado (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "ancestor."
antepassado (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "ancestor."
anterior[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "former, previous."
antes[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "before."
Anti-Burghers Church, Scotland[edit | edit source]
  • A church that formed out of the Secession Church in 1745. The Anti-Burghers believed that communion should be withheld from people who took the Burgess Oath, which contained a clause that the Anti-Burghers believed gave approval to the Established Church. In 1820 the Burghers and Anti-Burghers reunited.
antigo (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "old, ancient."
antiguo (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "old, ancient."
antiquus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "old, senior."
Antirent movement, New York[edit | edit source]
  • A movement that began in 1839 when tenant farmers in New York revolted against the manorial (leasehold) system and the wealthy landowners who had inherited their land from ancestors who lived in the 1600s and 1700s. The tenant farmers had lived on the land for generations and felt that they rightfully owned it. Many farmers had not paid their rent for years, and in 1839 landowners tried to collect back rent. However, angry farmers, disguised as Native Americans, began terrorizing the landowners and county officials in Columbia and Delaware Counties. The farmers formed secret societies that became powerful enough to defeat any political party that opposed them. In 1846 the antirenters had the New York constitution amended in their favor, and the farms were handed over to the tenants in 1847, marking the end of the patroonship system in New York.
anual[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "annual."
anuario, Spanish[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "yearbook."
anuário, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "yearbook."
anya[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "mother."
anyakönyv[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "register of births, marriages, and deaths; church book; parish register."
anyós[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "mother-in-law."
anzidetta[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "aforesaid."
anzitutto[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "first of all, initially."
ao[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "to the (masculine)."
août[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "August."
apa[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "father."
Apache Indians[edit | edit source]
  • A group of Native American tribes of the southwestern United States.
aparecer[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "to appear."
apelido[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "name, nickname."
apellido[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "surname."
apenas[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "only."
aphotækar[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "pharmacist."
apodo[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "nickname."
apoplexia[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "stroke."
aposentado (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "retired."
aposentadoria[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "retirement."
Apostolies[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "Apostolic."
apostolisch[edit | edit source]
  • German and Dutch word for "Apostolic."
apostólico (a)[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "apostolic."
appartenenza religiosa[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "religious affiliation."
appartiene[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "pertains."
apparu[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "appeared."
Appearance docket[edit | edit source]
  • A book containing minutes or abstracts of court appearances.
Appellate jurisdiction[edit | edit source]
  • The authority of a court to review and revise decisions made by lower courts.
appelé(e)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "named."
appena[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "as soon as."
appi[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "father-in-law."
appivanhemmat[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "parents-in-law."
Application, land[edit | edit source]
  • A formal, written request submitted by an individual seeking a land grant.
Application, organization[edit | edit source]
  • A formal, written request to become a member of an organization.
Applications for Passage Warrants (Series L), Canada[edit | edit source]
  • A list of the names of immigrants in Ontario, Canada, whose passage was paid by sponsors.
Appointment to public office[edit | edit source]
  • The act of assigning, as opposed to electing, an individual to serve in a government position.
Appraisal[edit | edit source]
  • The process of determining the value of property, such as a deceased individual’s estate or a document stating the value of property.
Appraisement[edit | edit source]
  • The estimated value of property.
Appraiser[edit | edit source]
  • An individual who determines the value of property. When determining the value of a deceased individual's estate, appraisers use an inventory to estimate the estate's value.
apprendista[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "apprentice."
apprenti[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "apprentice."
Apprentice[edit | edit source]
  • An individual, usually a child, who was legally bound to the master of a trade to work for the master and learn the trade. The master provided training, food, and lodging for the apprentice.
Apprentice indenture[edit | edit source]
  • A record that documents an agreement between a master and an apprentice or the apprentice's legal guardian.
Apprentice record[edit | edit source]
  • Documentation about an apprenticeship, which was a legal arrangement in which an individual, usually a child, worked for the master of a trade to learn the trade. The master provided training, food, and lodging for the apprentice.
Apprenticeship tax, Britain[edit | edit source]
  • A tax assessed on the money a master received for an apprenticeship indenture. This tax was assessed from 1710 to 1811. Apprentices put out by a parish or charity were exempt from the tax.
appresso[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "after, the next."
approuvé[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "approved."
aprendiz[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "apprentice."
april[edit | edit source]
  • Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "April."
April[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch and German word for "April."
  • Afrikaans word for "April."
aprile[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "April."
aprilis[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "of April."
aproximado (a),, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "approximate."
aproximado (a), Spanish[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "approximate."
après[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "after."
après-demain[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "the day after tomorrow."
après-midi[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "afternoon."
apríl[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "April."
apteekkari[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "pharmacist, druggist."
apud[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "at the house of, at, by, near."
apéndice, Spanish[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "appendix."
apêndice, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "appendix."
após, Hungarian[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "father-in-law."
após, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "after."
apótekari[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "pharmacy."
aqua[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "water."
aquel (la)[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "that."
aquele (a),[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "that."
aquí[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "here."
araldica[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "heraldry."
Arapaho Indians[edit | edit source]
  • A tribe of Native Americans living in the Great Plains from southern Canada to northern Texas.
aratore[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "plowman."
arbeider[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans, Dutch and Norwegian word for "laborer."
Arbeiter[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "laborer, worker."
arbejder[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "laborer."
arbetare[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "worker, laborer."
arbre généalogique[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "family tree, pedigree."
Archaic word[edit | edit source]
  • A word that is no longer used or that has a meaning that has changed substantially over time.
Archdeacon's court, Church of England[edit | edit source]
  • An English ecclesiastical court with jurisdiction over an archdeaconry. These courts frequently handled probates.
Archdeaconry[edit | edit source]
  • An ecclesiastical division within a diocese that is headed by an archdeacon. It may consist of one or more rural deaneries.
Archdeacons' transcripts[edit | edit source]
  • Copies of parish registers sent by Church of England parish ministers to their archdeacons each year. An archdeacon was the church official over an archdeaconry, which was part of a diocese. An archdeacon was under the authority of the Bishop of the diocese.
Archdiocese[edit | edit source]
  • An ecclesiastical division that is headed by an archbishop.
archidiaconus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "archdeacon."
archief[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "archive."
archiepiscopus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "archbishop."
Archiv[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "archive."
Archival quality[edit | edit source]
  • Acid-free folders, acid-free boxes, and archival-safe plastic sleeves made of polyester, polypropylene, or polyethylene are archival quality and the only safe way to store documents and photographs.
Archive[edit | edit source]
  • A place where institutions such as governments, businesses, and churches keep their records and official documents. Also used in the plural.
Archive Section of the Family Group Records Collection[edit | edit source]
  • A portion of the Family Group Records Collection that contains five million family group records submitted by members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints between 1942 and 1969. Information from these records has been added to the International Genealogical Index®.
archives[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "archive."
Archives and Libraries, FamilySearch Catalog™[edit | edit source]
  • A subject heading used in the FamilySearch Catalog to categorize information about other archives (places where institutions such as governments, businesses, and churches keep their records and official documents) and libraries (places that contains books, manuscripts, music, art, and other reference materials).
Archives du Royaume[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "state archives (Belgium)."
Archives départementales, France[edit | edit source]
  • The French term for departmental archive. These archives collect records for a department of the French government. Departmental archives have most of the French records of genealogical value, including civil registration records, pre-1792 church records, census records, some notarial records, and military conscription records.
Archives Nationales[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "state archives (France)".
archivi[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "archives."
archivi di stato[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "state archives."
archivo[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "archive."
archivum[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "archive."
archiwum[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "archive."
archív[edit | edit source]
  • Czech word for "archive."
arcularius[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "carpenter."
Julia Hoge Spencer Ardery Collection (Ardery collection)[edit | edit source]
  • A collection of abstracted court records, deeds, family Bibles, family histories, and correspondence about families from Kentucky and Virginia.
argief[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "archive."
Arid[edit | edit source]
  • Dry, lacking in water, a desert.
Arizona Territory, USA[edit | edit source]
  • A territory organized in 1863 that comprised the present-day state of Arizona and part of Nevada. Many of the settlers in the area were from Confederate states, so in 1862 they applied to become a Confederate territory. The Confederate government sent troops to occupy New Mexico and Arizona and granted the request of the settlers. This action had little effect because Union forces defeated Confederate forces in New Mexico and Arizona. The United States Congress created the Arizona Territory in 1863 to retain control over the area.
Ark[edit | edit source]
  • One of the two ships that brought Catholic and Protestant English settlers to the western shore of Chesapeake Bay in 1634. The other ship was named the Dove. The settlers founded St. Mary's City. King Charles I had originally granted the Maryland region to George Calvert, who died before the king could sign the charter, so the king granted the charter to Calvert's son Cecelius. Cecelius, himself a Roman Catholic, believed in religious freedom and saw to it that law and policies were established to guarantee that right in Maryland.
arkisto[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "archive."
arkistoluettelo[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "archive list."
arkiv[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Swedish word for "archive."
arm[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "poor."
arma[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "coat of arms."
armentarius[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "herdsman."
armiger[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "gentleman, squire."
Armiger[edit | edit source]
  • A person entitled to use a coat of arms.
armoiries[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "coat of arms."
Armorial[edit | edit source]
  • An alphabetical list of people entitled to use a coat of arms. The armorial also describes the coat of arms. The term armorial can also refer to anything having to do with heraldry.
armorum[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "of coats of arms."
Armut[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "poverty."
Army[edit | edit source]
  • The branch of a nation's armed forces that is trained to fight on land.
Aroostook War (Maine)[edit | edit source]
  • A dispute in 1839 about the boundary between the state of Maine and what is now the Canadian province of New Brunswick. Troops were called out, but there was no battle. The boundary was finally settled by a treaty between the United States and Britain in 1842.
arpent[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "acre."
arpenteur[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "surveyor."
arpète[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "errand boy, apprentice."
arquibispo[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "archbishop."
arquivo[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "archive."
arrendamiento[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "rent."
arrendator[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "tenant farmer, leaseholder."
arrivo[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "arrival, immigration."
arrière[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "great (as in great-grandparents)."
Arrondissement[edit | edit source]
  • An administrative division of some large cities in France or the largest division of a department in the French government.
arroz[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "rice."
artefice[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "maker."
Article, periodicals[edit | edit source]
  • A written work in a magazine or newspaper.
Artifact[edit | edit source]
  • An object. In terms of family history research, an artifact is an item that provides information about an ancestor’s life, such as tools, books, or jewelry.
Artificer[edit | edit source]
  • A mechanic in the British military who makes and repairs machinery.
arton[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "eighteen."
artífice[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "journeyman."
arv[edit | edit source]
  • Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "inheritance."
arve[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "inherit."
arvelodd[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "share of inheritance."
arving[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "heir."
arvinge[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "heir."
arvo[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "title, rank, status."
arvskifte[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "distribution of an inherited estate."
arzobispo[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "archbishop."
Arzt[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "physician."
As Enumerated, 1881 British Census[edit | edit source]
  • An index of the 1881 British census that is organized in the same order as the original census. It can help identify households and neighbors living on the same street.
ascendente[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "ancestor."
ascendiente[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "ancestor."
ascesso[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "abscess."
ASCII[edit | edit source]
  • A type of data format for computers. ASCII contains a specified set of letters, numbers, characters, and spaces.
asema[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "station, class, standing."
asevelvollinen[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "conscript soldier."
asi[edit | edit source]
  • Czech word for "perhaps, about, maybe, circa."
asiakirja[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "document, record."
asilo, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "asylum, poorhouse."
asilo, Spanish[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "asylum, shelter."
asma[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans, Italian, Portuguese and Spanish word for "asthma."
asmi[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "asthma."
Assembly of God[edit | edit source]
  • The largest Pentecostal religion in the world. Its official name is the General Council of the Assemblies of God. Pentecostalism grew out of the religious revival of the early 1900s. Its doctrines include the infallibility of the Bible, the fall and redemption of man, divine healing through prayer, baptism by immersion, eternal punishment for the unsaved, and the return of Christ to rule on earth. Pentecostals believe that every Christian should be filled with the Holy Spirit.
assento[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "record, entry."
Assessment roll[edit | edit source]
  • A list of property owners, the value of their property, and the amount in taxes each owner owes.
assessore comunale[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "alderman."
assinatura[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "signature."
Assistant surgeon, British[edit | edit source]
  • An officer in the British army who helps the surgeon (doctor).
Assisted emigrant[edit | edit source]
  • Between 1815 and 1900, qualified emigrants received passage money or land grants in their destination country as an alternative to receiving poor relief. After 1840, New Zealand and Australia offered money or land grants to skilled workers to encourage immigration.
Assisted emigrants register[edit | edit source]
  • A record of people who applied for assistance to emigrate to a new country.
Assize court, England[edit | edit source]
  • A court in England that deals with more serious criminal cases. It existed from the 1200s to 1971 and consisted of twelve judges appointed by the Crown.
Association[edit | edit source]
  • An organization of people who have common interests or goals.
Association of Professional Genealogists[edit | edit source]
  • An organization for professional genealogists.
asszony, Hungarian[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "married woman, wife."
astma[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "asthma."
asua[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "live, reside."
asuinpaikka[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "place of residence."
asukas[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "inhabitant, resident, lodger."
asunto[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "residence."
asutuksen yleisluettelo[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "general register of inhabitants."
asystencya[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "assistance."
aszkór[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "dehydration."
asztalos[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "cabinet maker; joiner; woodworker."
asztma[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "asthma."
at, Latin[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "but."
at, Norwegian[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "that."
ata[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "record, document."
atd.[edit | edit source]
  • Czech word for "and so forth."
Atlantic provinces, Canada[edit | edit source]
  • A grouping of Canadian provinces consisting of Newfoundland and the Maritime provinces of Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.
Atlas[edit | edit source]
  • A book or computerized collection of geographical maps and charts.
atque[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "and."
atrás[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "behind, in back of."
att[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "that (know that he died)."
attacco[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "seizure."
Attained[edit | edit source]
  • Achieved, reached a goal, as in Hawaii attained statehood.
attaque[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "seizure."
atten[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "eighteen."
attende[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "eighteenth."
attesa[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "awaiting."
attest[edit | edit source]
  • Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "certificate."
atti diversi[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "miscellaneous records."
atto di matrimonio[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "marriage certificate."
atto di morte[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "death certificate."
atto di nascita[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "birth certificate."
atya[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "father."
au[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "at the, in the."
au dessus[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "over."
au matin[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "in the morning."
au même endroit[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "at the same place."
au soir[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "in the evening."
aubergiste[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "innkeeper."
auch[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "also, too."
aucun(e)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "no, none."
Audencia, New Mexico[edit | edit source]
  • A Spanish term referring to a Mexican court of appeal that handled civil and criminal court cases in what is not the state of New Mexico between 1598 and 1847.
Audiencia[edit | edit source]
  • A regional court that functioned under a Spanish viceroyalty. These courts had legal, financial, and administrative powers. They supervised local courts, applied Spanish law, and served to establish a legal tradition that has persisted in Hispanic America.
Auditor's books[edit | edit source]
  • Books containing information about personal payments for provisions, sewing, nursing, and wagon use during the Revolutionary War. The records cover from 1784 to 1800.
auf[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "on, upon, at."
aufbieten[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "post banns."
Aufenthaltserlaubnis[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "residence permit."
Aufenthaltsort[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "residence."
Aufgebote, Germany[edit | edit source]
  • A German word for marriage banns or proclamations.
auglýsing[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "proclamation."
august[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "August."
August, German[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "August."
augusti[edit | edit source]
  • Latin and Swedish word for "of August."
Augustus[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch and Latin word for "August."
Augustus, Afrikaans (VIII)[edit | edit source]
  • Afrikaans word for "August."
augusztus[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "August."
aujourd'hui[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "today."
aukko[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "gap (missing records)."
auparavant[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "former."
aurifaber[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "goldsmith."
auriga[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "driver."
aus[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "from, out of."
aussi[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "also, as, since."
austriacki[edit | edit source]
  • Polish word for "Austrian."
austriaco[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "Austrian."
Auswanderer[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "emigrant."
Auswanderung[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "emigration."
Auszehrung[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "consumption or emaciation (especially from TB)."
Auszug[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "extract."
aut[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "or."
autant[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "as much."
autem[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "but, however, moreover."
Author/Title Search[edit | edit source]
  • A type of search available in the microfiche version of the FamilySearch Catalog™. Records are listed alphabetically by author and title. This search is not available in the computer version of the catalog.
Authority[edit | edit source]
  • The right and power to make decisions, take action, enforce law, or influence others.
autio[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "uninhabited."
auto de fé, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "trial of faith, sentence handed down by the Inquisition."
auto de fé, Spanish[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "sentence given by the Inquisition."
autorisation[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "permission."
autour[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "around."
autre[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "other."
auxentium[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "Alsace."
außen[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "outside."
außer Dienst (a.D.)[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "formerly employed, retired."
außerehelich[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "illegitimate."
av, Norwegian[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "of, at, by, from."
av, Swedish[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "of."
ava[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "grandmother."
ava materna[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "maternal grandmother."
ava paterna[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "paternal grandmother."
avant[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "former, before."
avant-hier[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "the day before yesterday."
avant-veille[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "two days before."
avanti di[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "before."
avdeling[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "part, division."
avdød[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "deceased."
avec[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "with."
avere[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "to have."
Aveux[edit | edit source]
  • A French word for oaths. The term aveux et dénombrements refers to a specific type of land record used in Québec.


Aveux et dénombrements, Canada[edit | edit source]
  • A type of land record used in the mid-1700s in Québec, Canada, roughly translated as "land descriptions" or "censuses of land and inhabitants." The aveux et dénombrements list the name of the principal habitant (occupant) of each farm in each seigneurie (manor) but not family members or farm workers. The information required in this record was very precise and included the exact location of the land, its size, the streams that flowed through it, the number and condition of buildings and mills on the lands, the number of tenants and the rents they paid, and the acres of cultivable land.
avgangen[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "departed."
avgift, Norwegian[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "duty (monetary), fee."
avgift, Swedish[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "fee."
avgång[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "departure."
avgått[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "moved."
avgått med döden[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "died (departed through death)."
avi, Italian[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "ancestors."
avi, Latin[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "ancestors, grandparents."
avia[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "grandmother."
aviaticus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "nephew."
avioero[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "divorce."
avioliiton ulkopuolella (a.u.)[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "illegitimate, out of wedlock."
avioliitto[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "marriage."
avioliittoasiakirjat[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "marriage documents."
aviomies[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "husband."
avionrikkoja[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "adulterer."
aviopari[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "married couple."
aviopuoliso[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "spouse."
avioton[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "unmarried, illegitimate."
aviovaimo[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "wife."
avkom[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "offspring, issue."
avliden[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "deceased, death."
avo materno[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "maternal grandfather."
avo paterno[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "paternal grandfather."
avo, Italian[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "ancestor."
Avocat[edit | edit source]
  • A French term for lawyer.
avoir[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "to have."
avond ('s avonds)[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "evening, (in the evening)."
Avondmaal[edit | edit source]
  • Dutch word for "communion, sacrament."
avons[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "(we) have."
avoro, -a[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "grandfather (grandmother)."
avril[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "April."
avskedad[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "discharged, resigned."
avsomna[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "die, death."
avtale[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "agreement."
avunculus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "uncle (mother's brother)."
avus[edit | edit source]
  • Latin word for "grandfather."
avvocato[edit | edit source]
  • Italian word for "lawyer."
avó, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "grandmother."
avô, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "grandfather."
avôs[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "grandparents."
Award books[edit | edit source]
  • Records of land grants given to settlers in Hawaii between 1836 and 1855.
ayant[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "having."
ayer[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "yesterday."
ayuntamiento[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "city hall, town government."
az[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "the."
azok[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "they."
azonkívül[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "besides, in addition to."
azul[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese and Spanish word for "blue."
azúcar[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "sugar."
açúcar[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "sugar."
aîné (l'aîné)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "the older, senior."
aïeul[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "grandfather."
aïeule[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "grandmother."
aðkominn, aðkomnir[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "arrivals, guests."
año, Spanish[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "year."
aún[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "still."
à[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "at, to in."
à cet endroit[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "in this place."
à cinq heures[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "at 5 o'clock."
à jour[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "current."
à, Portuguese[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "to the, toward the (feminine)."
às horas[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "at o'clock."
á morgun[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "tomorrow."
á, Icelandic[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "on, at."
áar[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "ancestors."
ács[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "carpenter."
ág[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "branch, line."
ágostai (ág.)[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "Evangelical (Lutheran)."
ágostai (ág.)[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "Evangelical (Lutheran)."
ágyból származó[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "legitimacy status."
ágyrajáró[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "lodger."
ágúst[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "August."
ái[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "ancestor."
állami[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "civil, state."
állandó[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "permanent."
állapot[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "status, civil status, condition."
állapota[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "status of."
állapotos[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "pregnant."
állás[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "occupation, condition."
április[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "April."
ár[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "year."
árbol[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "tree."
árbol genealógico[edit | edit source]
  • Spanish word for "genealogical tree."
árva[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "orphan."
árvore[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "tree."
árvore genealógica[edit | edit source]
  • Portuguese word for "genealogical tree."
át, Hungarian[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "through."
átján[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "eighteen."
átjándi[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "eighteenth."
átta[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "eight."
áttatíu[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "eighty."
áttugasti[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "eightieth."
áttundi[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "eighth."
áttértek[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "persons converted."
áttérés[edit | edit source]
  • Hungarian word for "conversion."
âgé(e)[edit | edit source]
  • French word for "aged."
äga[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "own."
ägare[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "owner."
ägor[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "land, property."
äidinisä[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "grandfather (maternal)."
äidinäiti[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "grandmother (maternal)."
äiditön[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "motherless."
äiti[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "mother."
äitipuoli[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "stepmother."
äkta[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "legitimate."
äktenskap[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "marriage."
äldre[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "older, elder."
äldste[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "oldest, eldset, elder."
ältest[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "eldest."
ämbete[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "office."
änka[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "widow."
änkeman, änkling[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "widower."
ännu[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "yet, still."
äpärä[edit | edit source]
  • Finnish word for "illegitimate child."
är[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "are, is, am."
ärlig, Swedish[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "honest."
ätt[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "family."
äußere[edit | edit source]
  • German word for "outside, outward, external."
å[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "at, on, to, river."
åbo[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "tenant farmer with conditional, inherited lease."
ålder[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "age."
ålderdom[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "old age."
ånd[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "spirit."
åndsvag[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "mentally deficient."
åndsvak[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "mentally deficient."
år[edit | edit source]
  • Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "year."
århundrade[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "century."
århundre[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "century."
årlig[edit | edit source]
  • Danish, Norwegian and Swedish word for "yearly, annual."
årsak[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "cause, reason."
årsdag[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "anniversary."
årtionde[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "decade."
åsted[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegain word for "where event took place (place of event)."
åt, Swedish[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "to."
återvänd[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "returned."
åtta[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "eight."
åtte[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "eight."
åttende, Norwegian[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "eighth."
åtti[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "eighty."
åttiede[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "eightieth."
åttio(nde)[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "eighty (eightieth)."
åttonde[edit | edit source]
  • Swedish word for "eighth."
ægtabarn[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "legitimate child."
ægtaviigder[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "married, marriages."
ægte[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "legitimate."
ægtefælle[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "spouse."
ægteskab[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "marriage."
ægteskabelig[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "marital, conjugal."
ægteskapsbryder[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "adulterer."
ægteviet[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "married."
ælder[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "elder."
ældre[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "older, elder."
ældst[edit | edit source]
  • Danish word for "oldest, eldest."
ærbødig[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "respectful."
ære[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "honor."
ærlig[edit | edit source]
  • Danish and Norwegian word for "honest."
æsing[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "inflammation, agitation."
ættegransking[edit | edit source]
  • Norwegian word for "genealogy."
ættfaðir[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "ancestor."
æði[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "panic."
æðislegur[edit | edit source]
  • Icelandic word for "in panic."