3rd Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry
Brief History[edit | edit source]
The 3rd Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry was organized in early 1862 at Camp Hampton near Columbia and at Camp Gist near Charleston. It consisted of four companies. It was also called the 4th Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry. On August 22, 1862 it was consolidated with Hampton Legion's Cavalry Battalion, and the independent companies of Captain Boykin and Captain Lipscomb to create the 2nd Regiment, South Carolina Cavalry.
Companies in this Battalion with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
- Company A - (possibly called Captain Easley's Company) - many men from Pickens District (County); a few men from Greenville District (County) and Anderson District (County)
- Company B - (also known as the Congaree Rangers and Captain Frank Hampton's Company) - many men from Richland District (County)
- Company C - (also known as Captain Dean's Company) - many men from Spartanburg District (County), Greenville District (County) and Lauren District (County)
- Company D - (also known as the Wassamassaw Cavalry or Wassa Massaw Rangers) - many men from Charleston District (County), Goose Creek area; a few men from Orangeburg District (County) and Colleton District (County)
Information about companies, their nicknames and counties of origin is from Seigler's book.
[edit | edit source]
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘South Carolina in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- South Carolina in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for South Carolina, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
- Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.
References[edit | edit source]
- Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 265-267. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.