23rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
The 23rd Regiment, Virginia Infantry completed its organization in May, 1861. Its members were recruited at Richmond and in the counties of Louisa, Amelia, Halifax, Goochland, Prince Edward, and Charlotte.
It ended the war at Appomattox, surrendered with 8 officers and 49 men. The field officers were Colonels Alexander G. Taliaferro and William B. Taliaferro; Lieutenant Colonels Clayton G. Coleman, Jr., James H. Crenshaw, George W. Curtis, John P. Fitzgerald, and Simeon T. Walton; and Majors J.D. Camden, Joseph H. Pendleton, Andrew J. Richardson, and Andrew V. Scott. 
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
Company A (Louisa rifles) - many men from Louisa County
Company B (Jetersville Grays) - many men from Amelia County
Company C (Amelia Rifles) - many men from Amelia County
Company D (Louisa Grays) - many men from Louisa County
Company E (Brooklyn Grays) - many men from Halifax County
Company F (Goochland Grays) - many men from Goochland County
Company G ( Frederick's Hall Grays) - many men from Louisa County
Company H (Richmond Sharpshooters) - many men from Richmond County
Company I (Prince Edward Central Guards) - many men from Prince Edward County mustered in July 1861 and reorganized in May 1882. Captains were John Augustus Michie, James C. Wyant, Henry Clay Michie, William E. Green, Thomas Stanhope Henry, John T. Palmer, William W. Williams and Charles J. Greene.
Company K ( Keysville Guards) - many men from Charlotte County. Initially organized in May 1861. Reorganized in Richmond in April 1862. Captains were Armistead W. Bailey, Samuel Taylor Walton, Napoleon Arthur Bass and Andrew B. Crawford.
The information above is from 23rd Virginia Infantry by Thomas M Rankin as well as sources found at the individual county regarding the Civil War.
Muster rolls of Companies B and C are included in:
- Muster Roll of Amelia County, Virginia, in the War in Defense of Virginia, 1861-1865. MSS. Amelia County Courthouse (Amelia, Va.). Copy: FHL Film 30474 Item 5.
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865.
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Virginia in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1992- 1995. (Family History Library book 975 M2ss, Ten Volumes.) This gives organization information for each unit and its field officers, assignments, and battles. It also lists sources further reading. Volume 5 is for Virginia.
- Wallace, Lee A. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations, 1861-1865. Lynchburg, Virginia: H. E. Howard, 1986. (Family History Library book 975.5 M2vr, Volume 29.) This gives brief historical sketches of each regiment and lists officers, company names, and commanders.
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 6 December 2010).