23rd Battalion, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
The 23rd Battalion, Virginia Infantry was formed in January, 1862, with five companies, later increased to eight.In mid-April, 1865, disbanded.The field officers were Lieutenant Colonel Clarence Derrick; and Majors William Blessing, William P. Cecil, and David S. Hounshell. 
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
Company A (The Smyth County Sharpshooters) - many men from Smyth County
Company B ( The Blue Stone Greys) - many men from Mercer County, West Virginia
Company C ( Captain George Gose's Company) - many men from Tazewell County
Company D (Captain William P. Cecils Company) - many men from Tazewell County
Company E ( Captain Patrick C. Buchanan's Company) - many men from Smyth County
Company F ( Captain William H. McDonald's Company) - many men from Smyth County
Company G ( Captain Neville Beckley's Company) - many men from Giles County
Company H ( Captain James M. Barnes' Company) - many men from Stokes County, North Carolina
The above information is from 23rd Battalion Virginia Infantry, by J. L. Scott.
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865.
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Virginia in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1992- 1995. (Family History Library book 975 M2ss, Ten Volumes.) This gives organization information for each unit and its field officers, assignments, and battles. It also lists sources further reading. Volume 5 is for Virginia.
- Wallace, Lee A. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations, 1861-1865. Lynchburg, Virginia: H. E. Howard, 1986. (Family History Library book 975.5 M2vr, Volume 29.) This gives brief historical sketches of each regiment and lists officers, company names, and commanders.
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 6 December 2010).