22nd Regiment, Tennessee Infantry (Freeman's)
Brief History[edit | edit source]
The 22nd Regiment, Tennessee Infantry (Freeman's)completed its organization at Camp Trenton, Tennessee, in August, 1861. Men of this unit were recruited in Memphis and Hardeman, Carroll, Gibson, and Dyer counties. It served in Cheatham's, R.M. Russell's, and B.R. Johnson's Brigade, and saw action in the conflicts at Belmont and Shiloh . On June 16, 1862, it merged with 12th Tennessee Infantry Regiment June 16, 1862 to form 12th Consolidated Tennessee Infantry Regiment. 
For more information about the;22nd Regiment Infantry and its history, see: Tennesseans in the Civil War, (accessed 22 Oct 2011.)
"Units of the Confederate States Army" by Joseph H. Crute, Jr. contains no history for this unit. 
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
All of the companies changed letters when mustered into Confederate service. In the list below the letters used in Confederate service are shown, with prior letters indicated. 
- W.D. Bethell, James Purl, Co. "A" formerly "H". "The Attakapas Rifles." Organized July 1, 1861. Became Co. "C" 12th Consolidated. Men from Memphis, Shelby County.
- Robert H. Wood, C.M. Wellons, Co. "B" formerly "E". "The Hatchie Hunters." Organized July 15th, 1861 at Camp Trenton, became part of Co. "H", 12th Consolidated. Men from Hardeman County. The muster-in roll for this company reads 26th Tennessee Infantry Regiment.
- James M. Richardson, Co. "C" formerly "G" also called "I". Organized July 18, 1861 at Camp Trenton, became part of Co. "H", 12th Consolidated. Men from Hardeman County.
- W.A. Marshall, Co. "D" formerly "A", also called "G". Organized July 14, 1861 at Camp Trenton. Became part of Co. "F", 12th Consolidated. Men from Carroll County.
- B.D. Shofner, John M. Fields, Co. "E" formerly "B". Organized July 22, 1861 at Camp Trenton; became part of Co. "G", 12th Consolidated. Men from Carroll County.
- Francis M. Stewart, William Lindsey, J. Clay Horne, Co. "F" formerly "F". "The Kentucky Braves." Organized July 2, 1861 at Camp Trenton, became Co. "M". 3rd Kentucky Infantry. Men from Kentucky.
- A. P. Hall, G.W. Parkison, John L. Bell, Co. "G" formerly "C". "The Carroll Invincibles." Organized June 25, 1861 at McLemoresville, Tennessee; became part of Co. "G", 12th Consolidated.
- L.P. McMurry, Benjamin T. Davis, Thomas W. Williams, Co. "H" formerly "I". Organized June 19, 1861 at Trenton; became part of Co. "D", 12th Consolidated. Men from Gibson County.
- William A. Dawson, Co. "I" formerly "D". "The Bell Grays." Organized July 22, 1861 at Camp Trenton, became part of Co. "F", 12th Consolidated. Men from Dyer County.
- Louis M. Williams, Co. "K". "The Newbern Blues." "The Newbern Grays." Organized July 22, 1861 at Newbern, Tennessee. Became part of Co. "D", 12th Consolidated. Men from Dyer County.
- Company F ( Captain L. P. McMurray) - many men fromGibson County
- The information above is from The Goodspeed History of Tennessee, vol 12.
(Hatchie Hunters) Captain R. H. Wood - many men from Hardeman County
Captain J. M. Richardson - many men from Hardeman County
The information above is from The Goodspeed Histories of Tennessee, Vol. 11.
Other Sources[edit | edit source]
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in 'Tennessee in the Civil War' and 'United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865' (see below).
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Tennessee in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Tennessee, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- Lindsley, John B. The Military Annals of Tennessee: Confederate, First Series; Embracing a Review of Military Operations, with Regimental Histories and Memorial Rolls, Compiled from Original and Official Sources. 1886. Reprint. Spartanburg, South Carolina: Reprint Co., 1974. (Family History Library book 976.8 M2L.) Digital versions at Ancestry ($); Internet Archive. Memorial rolls of the 22nd Tennessee Infantry begin on page 396.
- The Twenty-second Tennessee (Confederate) Regiment, a brief history, (accessed 29 Dec 2011).
- Tennesseans in the Civil War,22nd Tennessee Infantry Regiment, (accessed 29 Dec 2011). A brief history.