22nd Regiment, South Carolina Infantry
Brief History[edit | edit source]
22nd Infantry Regiment was organized and mustered into Confederate service in December, 1861. Some of its members were recruited in Oconee and Edgefield counties. There was a reorganization in May 1862 and on the 16th of February 1864, the men re-enlisted for the duration of the war. After serving in South Carolina, the unit was sent to Virginia and assigned to General Evans', Elliot's, and Wallace's Brigade. The 18th Regiment surrendered on April 9, 1865 at the Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia.
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
- Company A - (also known as the Edgefield Rifles and Edgefield Riflemen), many men from Edgefield District (County): Captain C. Adams
- Company B - (also known as the Cedar Hill Guards) - many men from Spartanburg District (County)
- Company C - (also known as the Chapel Guards) - many men from Spartanburg District (County): Captain A. Wakefield
- Company D - (also known as the Hopewell Guards and the Walhalla State Guards), many men from Pickens District (County): Captain Jas. O'Connell
- Company E -(also known as the Lancaster Guards), many men from Lancaster District (County): Captain Miles Hilton; Captain Orin C. Hinson; Captain James N. Shedd
- Company F - (also known as the Hagood Guards) - many men from Pickens District (County): Captain J.M. Stewart
- Company G - many men from Anderson District (County), a few men from Pickens District (County) and Abbeville District (County)
- Company I - many men from Orangeburg, Lexington District (County) and Barnwell District (County) Captain H.W. Millhouse
- Company K - many men from Pickens District (County): Captain M.J. Messer
Information about the Companies, their nicknames and places of origin is taken from Siegler's book and another undocumented book.
Other Sources[edit | edit source]
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army as their main source for the regiment history.FHL book 973 M2crua, WorldCat.
- Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
- Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 and 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. Locate this book at other libraries. Lists 10 Regiments, A-I, K; and regiment involvements from January 1862 to February 1865.
- Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.
References[edit | edit source]
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).
- Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 195-207. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.