1st Regiment, Virginia Artillery (Confederate)
Brief History[edit | edit source]
When this Unit was first organized in September, 1861, this regiment was recorded on some of the rolls for the 2nd Regiment, but the Adjutant & Inspector General's Office mustered it on their records as the 1st Regt. Va. Arty. In 1861, there was also a 1st Regt. Va. "Light" Arty. that led to further confusion. Due to the attrition of war, the regiment was reduced to a battalion in September 1864 and also with a redesignation as the 1st Battalion Virginia "Light" Artillery. 
Companies[edit | edit source]
Field and Staff
- Company A "Washington Artillery" (also Hampton Artillery). Most men from Elizabeth City County. Formerly Company K (1st), 32nd Regt. Va. Inf. Disbanded in September 1862.
- Company B "James City Artillery." Formerly Co. H, 32nd Regt. Va. Inf. Most men from James City County. Several reorganizational changes later. In "Sources," see A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations, 1861-1865 for additional details. FHL book 75.5 M2vr v. 29
- Company C (1st) Lynchburg "Beauregard Rifles" Artillery. Organized in Campbell County in April 1861. Portsmouth Light Artillery disbanded and some of the men transferred to this battery October 1862.
Company C (2nd) "Henrico Artillery" (also called Courtney Artillery). Most men were from Henrico County. Formerly Company A. In October 1862, disbanded and men reassigned to other units of regiment.
Company C (3rd) "Halifax Light Artillery." Most men from Halifax County. Formerly Co. G (1st) "Mount Vernon Guards, 14th Regiment, Virginia Infantry. Additional unit changes can be found in A Guide To Virginia Military Organizations 1861-1865.
- AKA - C.F. Johnston's Company, Virginia Artillery (Albemarle Artillery) (Everett Artillery) (Confederate)
- AKA - Pulaski Georgia Light Artillery
Other Sources[edit | edit source]
- Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865.
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
- Virginia in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
- Burrows, J. L. (John Lansing). The Christian scholar and soldier : memoirs of Lewis Minor Coleman, professor in the University of Virginia - Lieut. Col. of First Regiment Virginia Artillery. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990), FHL fiche 6082739
- Sifakis, Stewart. Compendium of the Confederate Armies: Virginia. New York, NY: Facts on File, 1992- 1995. (Family History Library book 975 M2ss, Ten Volumes.) This gives organization information for each unit and its field officers, assignments, and battles. It also lists sources further reading. Volume 5 is for Virginia.
- Wallace, Lee A. A Guide to Virginia Military Organizations, 1861-1865. Lynchburg, Virginia: H. E. Howard, 1986. (Family History Library book 975.5 M2vr, Volume 29.) This gives brief historical sketches of each regiment and lists officers, company names, and commanders.
References[edit | edit source]
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).