19th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry

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United States   Gotoarrow.png   U.S. Military   Gotoarrow.png   Mississippi   Gotoarrow.png   Mississippi Military   Gotoarrow.png   Mississippi in the Civil War   Gotoarrow.png   19th Regiment, Mississippi Infantry

Brief History

19th Infantry Regiment completed its organization at Oxford, Mississippi, in May, 1861, and soon moved to Virginia. The men were raised in the counties of Warren, Jefferson, Greene, Panola, Marshall, and was assigned to General Wilcox's, Featherston's, Posey's, and Harris' Brigade. It fought with the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Cold Harbor, then served in the Petersburg trenches south of the James River and in the Appomattox Campaign. This regiment lost 15 killed and 85 wounded of the 501 engaged at Williamsburg, had 58 killed, 264 wounded, and 3 missing at Gaines' Mill and Frayser's Farm, and had 6 killed and 52 wounded in the Maryland Campaign. Its casualties were 6 killed and 40 wounded at Chancellorsville and seven percent of the 372 at Gettysburg were disabled. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 8 officers and 129 men. The field officers were Colonels Thomas J. Hardin, Nathaniel H. Harris, Lucius Q.C. Lamar, Christopher H. Mott, John Mullins, Richard W. Phipps, and Ward G. Vaughan; Lieutenant Colonel James H. Duncan; and Majors Ben. Allston, Robert A. Dean, Thomas R. Reading, and Abner Smead. [1]

Regiment Companies with the County of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘Mississippi in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Mississippi in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Mississippi, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • Howell, H. Grady. Featherston's/Posey's/Harris' Mississippi Brigade : Army of Northern Virginia, a muster listing. (Carrollton, Mississippi : Pioneer Pub. Co., c2005), FHL book 976.2 M2hf

References

  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 11 January 2011)