194th Regiment, New York Infantry

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Brief History[edit | edit source]

The 194th Regiment, New York Infantry was organized at Elmira, N.Y., and mustered in Companies "A" and "B" March 29, Company "C" April 7, "D" April 16, "E" April 22, "F" April 26, "G" at Hart's Island, N.Y., April 27, 1865. They mustered out May 3 to 10, 1865.[1]

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

See the Regiment Roster, for listing of individuals, their company and their involvement.

Company A - recruited principally at Horseheads, Elmira, Southport, Chemung, Big Flats, and Veteran, all of Chemung County, and Baldwin, Nassau County and  Orange County.

Company B - recruited principally at Southport, Elmira and Horsehead of Chemung County, Tioga County,  Candor, Tioga County,  Triangle and Maine of Broome County,  Dix and Reading of Schuyler County.

Company C - recruited principally at Holland, Erie County,  Baldwin, Nassau County,  Elmira, Chemung County, Hume and New Hudson, Allegany County,  Catlin and  Veteran, Chemung County, Rochester, Monroe County and Canandaigua, Ontario County.

Company D, Ninth Independent Company - recruited principally at Victor, Ontario County.  Milo, Jerusalem, Benton, Potter, Italy and  Barrington of Yates County.  Naples,Ontario County and Seneca County

Company E - recruited principally at Jerusalem, Elmira, Caneadea, Angelica of Allegany County,  Potter, Yates County, Southport, Chemung County and Rochester of Monroe County.

Company F, Twenty-first Independent Company - recruited principally at Ischua, Leon, Mansfield, Westfield, Randolph, Ellicottsville, Persia all of Cattaraugus County,   Cold Spring, Putnam County and Allegany County.

Company G, Forty-ninth Independent Company - recruited principally at Lockport, Niagara County and Buffalo, Erie County.

Company H, Twelfth Independent Company - recruited principally in part, at Syracuse and Van Buren of Onondaga County, Rochester, Monroe County.  Virgil, Cortland County, Marion, Walworth and Macedon of Wayne County. Conquest, Auburn and Niles of Cayuga County. Palmyra, Wayne County.

Company I, Seventeenth Independent Company - recruited principally in part, at Rochester, Irondequoit, Mendon and Greece of Monroe County. Buffalo, Erie County. Auburn and Niles, Cayuga County. Elmira, Chemung County.  Canandaigua,  Ontario County.  Clay, Onondaga County,  Mendon, Monroe County

The above information about the roster, and the companies with their recruitment places is from The New York State Military Museum and Veterans Research Center site, 194th Infantry Regiment Civil War page, that took its information from New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed., by Frederick Phisterer, (Albany: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912).

Other Sources[edit | edit source]

  • The Union Army: a History of Military Affairs in the Loyal States, 1861-65, Records of the Regiments in the Union Army, Cyclopedia of Battles, Memoirs of Commanders and Soldiers, Reprint of original published: Madison, WI.: Federal Pub. Co., 1908. Other libraries with this book,FHL Books 973 M2ua, vols. 1-9
  • Frederick Henry Dyer, A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion, (Des Moines, Iowa: Dyer Publishing Co., 1908), as cited at Civil War Soldiers; Sailors System (accessed March 2011)
  • Robinson, Wardwell G. Annotated history of the 184th Regiment, New York Volunteers : an address prepared by Wardwell G. Robinson, late Colonel commanding and delivered by him at the Regimental reunion held at Oswego Falls, Oswego County, New York, June 5, 1895. (Clovis, California : T.J. Ebert, 2006) FHL On line Book
  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘New York in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • New York in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for New York, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861-1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 6 December 2010).