16th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Greenville Regiment)
Brief History[edit | edit source]
The 16th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (also known as the Greenville Regiment and the Greenville Boys) recruited its men in Greenville County. It was organized and mustered into Confederate service in December, 1861. The regiment moved to Charleston and for a time was stationed at Adams Run under General Hagood. During December, 1862, the unit was ordered to Wilmington, North Carolina and in May, 1863, to Jackson, Mississippi where it was assigned to General Gist's Brigade in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana. Later the 16th Regiment joined the Army of Tennessee. On April 9, 1865 the 16th consolidated with the 24th Infantry regiment to form the Consolidated 16th and 24th Infantry Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers. This consolidated unit surrendered on April 26, 1865 with the Army of Tennessee.
Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]
Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.
Company A (also known as the Mountain Rebels and Reedy Rifles) -
Company C (also known as Croft Mountain Rangers) - men possible from Greenville District (County), upper area.
Company D (may have been called Elford Guards) - Greenville District (County), Green Mountain View and upper area.
Company E (also known as the McCullough Lions) - Greenville District (County), Dunklin Township area.
Company I - Greenville District (County), Simpsonville, Fountain Inn and Fairview areas.
Company J Company
Company K Company (also known as the Goodlett Guard) - Greenville District (County), Mauldin area
Information about the companies, their nicknames and counties or origin is taken from Seigler's book.
Other Sources[edit | edit source]
- Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System can be searched by soldier's name or by regiment; includes regimental rosters and additional history of the regiment. This site uses Joseph H. Crute's book, Units of the Confederate States Army as their main source for the regiment history.FHL book 973 M2crua, WorldCat.
- Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
- Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 and 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. Locate this book at other libraries. Lists 10 companies, A-I, K.
- Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries
- Taylor, John S. Sixteenth South Carolina Regiment, CSA, from Greenville County, S.C. ([S.l. : s.n.], 1964, c1964). Includes officers and staff and rolls of companies. List of soldiers in MacGavock Cemetery, Franklin Tennessee (page 25). Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Book 975.7 A1 no. 90 and Other Libraries
References[edit | edit source]
- National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).
- Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 3, p 167-177. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.