10th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry

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Brief History[edit | edit source]

The 10th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry was organized in August 1861 for twelve months, but some of the companies appear to have been disbanded and others were added at various times until the regiment was finally composed of twelve companies. It was reorganized for the war in May 1862 and temporarily consolidated with the 19th Regiment South Carolina Infantry (September 1863 to April 1864). This regiment formed six companies of the consolidated organization but each company of the original regiments was mustered separately. The 10th and the 19th Regiments, South Carolina Infantry were again consolidated about April 10, 1865, and formed the Walker's Battalion, South Carolina Infantry. The unit served with the Army of Tennessee and surrendered on April 26, 1865.[1][2][3][4]

See also 19th Regiment, South Carolina Infantry and Walker's Battalion, South Carolina Infantry.

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin[edit | edit source]

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Company A (also known as the Georgetown Rifle Guards) - Georgetown District (County)  (some from Williamsburg District (County) and Horry District (County)  - Roster Roster
Company B (also known as the Brooks Rifle Guards or Brooks Guards) - Horry District (County) (Conway) - Roster 
Company C (also known as the Lake Swamp Volunteers) - Horry District (County) - Roster 
Company D (also known as the Marion Volunteers and Wee Nee Volunteers) - Marion District (County) and  Williamsburg District (County) - Roster
Company E (also known as the Black Mingo Rifles or Blank Mingo Rifle Guards) - Williamsburg District (County)  (and from men of other military units) - Roster
Company F (also known as the Pee Dee Rangers) - Marion District (County) - Roster
Company G (also known as the Coast Guards and the Horry Rough and Readys) - Charleston District (County) and Horry District (County) - Roster
Company H (also known as the Liberty Volunteers) - Williamsburg District (County) - Roster,Roster (one name)
Company I (also known as the Swamp Fox Guards) - Marion District (County) and Williamsburg District (County) - Roster
Company K (also known as the Eutaw Volunteers) - Charleston District (County) -Roster, Roster(one name)
Company L (also known as the Liberty Guards) - Marion District (County) - Roster 
Company M (also known as the Horry Dixie Boys) - Horry District (County) - Roster
A. H. Durpe Company (also known as Coast Guards) - Charleston District (County)
Wm. Mcagne (also known as Carvers Bay Palmetto Rifle Guards) - Georgetown District (County)
Field and Staff

Company names, nicknames, county of origin and rosters found on Steve Batson's website and Horry County Historical Society website. Also see "Other Source Material" below.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 2,189 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.

Other Sources[edit | edit source]

  • "South Carolina 10th Infantry Regiment". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/22/2010.  Lists a brief regiment history and Company Rosters for H and K.
  • "Tenth South Carolina Infantry Regiment". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010. This Internet site lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in. The site gives the county of organization and nicknames listed.
  • "South Carolina Tenth Regiment". Horry County Historical Society, Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010. Gives a chronology of battles, rosters of companies and officers.
  • "John Gourdin Gaillard papers". University of South Carolina Digital Manuscript.  Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010.  Gives some account of John G. Gaillard's involvement with the 10th South Carolina Infantry Regiment.
  • "10th South Carolina Infantry". Military History Online. Internet site, accesed 12/28/2010. Descendants of men who served in this regiment can submit their ancestors name to this database (partial roster). Gives brief information about the soldier and contact information for the descendant.

Books and Films

  • 10th Regiment Infantry, from The Flags of Civil War South Carolina by Glenn Dedmondt, p 96-98. Google Books, accessed 12/28/2010. Gives a brief history of the regiment and shows the regiment flag. Located at these Libraries.
  • Chapman, John A. History of Edgefield County from the earliest settlements to 1897(Microreproduction of original published: Newberry, South Carolina : E. H. Aull, 1897. 521, vi p. Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1958). Gives a brief account of this regiment.Google Books. FHL film 162293
  • Emanuel, Solomon.  An historical sketch of the Georgetown Rifle Guards and as Co. A of the Tenth Regiment, So. Ca. Volunteers, in the Army of the Confederate States : delivered at the dedication of the Company's Armory, Georgetown, So. Ca., November 17th, 1909.  (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990).  Available at the Family History Library, FHL US/CAN Fiche 6082636.
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. (Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001). FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 12 Companies (A-I, K-M) listed. Available at these libraries: Worldcat.
  • Manigault, Arthur Middleton and R. Lockwood Tower. A Carolinian goes to war : the Civil War narrative of Arthur Middleton Manigault, Brigadier General, C.S.A. (Columbia, S.C. : Published for the Charleston Library Society by the University of South Carolina Press, ©1983), 344 pages. Includes indexes. Available at WorldCat Libraries.
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina : The History Press, c2008), 85-104. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 1. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries
  • Tolar, J. R., ed. Brief history of Company B Tenth Regiment South Carolina Volunteers Confederate States Army. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990). Includes a description of battle activities and a roster. FHL fiche 6082637
  • Walker, Cornelius I.  Rolls and Historical Sketch of the Tenth Regiment, South Carolina Volunteers .in the Army of the Confederate States    (Alexandria, Virginia : Stonewall House, 1985) [37], 138, [84] pages. Reprint. (Originally published: Walker, Evans & Cogswell, 1881). Includes: An historical sketch of the Georgetown rifle guards, Company A, 10th South Carolina, by Sol. Emanuel. Includes roster for Company A on pages 12-16, Company B pages 17-21, Company C pages 22-25, Company D pages 26-29, Company E pages 30-34, Company F pages 35-38, Company G pages 39-42, Company H pages 43-47, Company I pages 48-51, Company K pages 52-56, Company L pages 57-61, Company M pages 62-65.  Digital Copies at Google Books and Internet Archives. Book found at FHL 975.7 M2w 1985 and FHL Fiche 6082638 and Other Libraries.
  • Walker, C. I. An historical sketch of the Georgetown Rifle Guards and as Co. A of the Tenth Regiment, So. Ca. Volunteers. Additional authors, Solomon Emaanuel and Jim D Moody. Microfiche of original published: [S.l. : s.n., 1909?]. 32 p. Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990. FHL Fiche 6082636 (1 fiche). (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990),

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina, microfilm publication M267. (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958). These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription ($) website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  2. Joseph H. Crute. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987).FHL book 973 M2crua. Information available at: National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).
  3. "South Carolina 10th Infantry Regiment". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/22/2010. Lists a brief regiment history and Company Rosters for H and K.
  4. Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), p??.FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 1. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.