Records of the Dakota Superintendency of Indian Affairs, 1861-1870, and 1877-1878 and of the Wyoming Superintendency, 1870

Manuscript/Manuscript on Film
Washington, D.C. : National Archives & Records Administration, Central Plains Region, 1976
13 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.
National Archives microfilm publications; M1016


Microfilm of records at the National Archives, Washington, D.C.

The records of the Dakota Superintendency relate to almost all aspects of Indian administration including negotiation and enforcement of treaties, Indian delegations, annuity and other payments, intrusions on Indian lands, hostilities and depredations, enforcement of federal laws and regulations, traders and licenses, contracts, claims, location of agencies, construction and repair of buildings, purchase and transportation of goods and supplies, furnishing food and other subsistence to Indians, Indian education and farming, medical supplies and health, agency accounts and employees, general conditions among the Indian tribes, locations of Indian bands, hunting, and intertribal relations.

The Dakota Superintendency was created in 1861. Since 1851 the Indians in the Dakota Territory area had been under the Central Superintendency, which had received responsibility for Indians in Dakota from the St. Louis Superintendency. The Indians in Dakota most mentioned in this correspondence are the Brulé, Yankton, Miniconjou, Sans Arc, Two Kettle, Blackfeet, Hunkpapa, Yanktonai, Yankton, Cut Head, Mandan, Ponca, Crow, Blood, Piegan, and Grosventre. Localities are South Dakota, North Dakota, Nebraska, Montana, and Wyoming. Agencies at the time of the establishment of the Superintendency and tribes for which they were responsible were the Blackfeet Agency, Fort Benton, Montana, for the Blackfeet, Piegan, Blood, and Grosventre Indians; the Ponca Agency in Nebraska for the Ponca Indians; the Upper Missouri Agency for Sioux and other Indians including the Mandan, Arikara, Assiniboin, and Grosventre in the Upper Missouri Area; and the Yankton Agency in South Dakota for the Yankton Indians. The Fort Berthold Agency became responsible for the Mandan, Arikara, Assiniboin, and Crow Indians who lived on the Upper Missouri. The Grand River Agency served the Yanktonai, Cut Head, Hunkpapa and Blackfeet Sioux; the Cheyenne River Agency received the Sans Arc, Two Kettle, Miniconjou,

and some of the Blackfeet Sioux. The Crow Creek Agency was responsible for the Yanktonai and Brulé. The Whetstone Agency had the responsibility for Chief Spotted Tail's Brulé. The Superintendency was revived in April, 1877. It took charge of the Standing Rock (formerly Grand River), Cheyenne River, Crow Creek, Lower Brulé, Yankton, Red Cloud, and Spotted Tail (formerly Whetstone) Agencies. The Superintendency was abolished in June, 1878. The Wyoming Superintendency functioned from April, 1869, until November, 1870. It had one agency, the Shoshone and Bannock Agency for Shoshoni and Bannock Indians.



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