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Census of Canada, 1851

Manuscript/Manuscript on Film
  • English
  • French
Ottawa, Ontario : Public Archives of Canada, 1954-1967
on 122 microfilm reels ; 35 mm.


An index for Canada Census, 1851 is available online, click here.

Microfilm of original records at the the Public Archives of Canada, Ottawa, Ontario. The Nova Scotia records are located at the Public Archives of Nova Scotia, Halifax.

The Nova Scotia Board of Registration and Statistics was responsible for the Nova Scotia census.

Arranged by census district (generally county). Nova Scotia is a head of household census. The other provinces include both nominal and agricultural censuses. A nominal census lists names of all family members; an agricultural census lists names of heads of families.

Cities, towns and villages are sometimes enumerated separately from the parishes or townships in which they are located.

Some schedules are in French.

The Nova Scotia census returns were filmed by: Salt Lake City : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1983.

Between 1841 and 1867, Ontario was known as Canada West and Québec was known as Canada East.

Contains the 1851 census for Québec and Ontario (united as the "Province of Canada") and the independent provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. RETURNS FOR MANY COUNTIES ARE INCOMPLETE. Returns are missing for the following counties: Shefford and Stanstead counties (Québec); Russell and Simcoe counties (Ontario); Gloucester, Kent and Queens counties (New Brunswick) as well as the City of Saint John (New Brunswick); all counties of Nova Scotia except Halifax and Kings.



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