Wood County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Wood County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Bowling Green
Organized: April 1, 1820[1]
Parent County(s): Non-County Area 9[2]
Neighboring Counties
Lucas  • Ottawa  • Sandusky  • Seneca  • Hancock  • Putnam  • Henry
See County Maps
Wood County Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH wood.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named in honor of Captain Eleazer Darby Wood, an engineer in the War of 1812 who built Fort Meigs. It is located in the Northwest area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Wood County Courthouse
1 Courthouse Square
Bowling Green, OH 43402
Phone: 419-354-9280
Wood County Website

Wood County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1820 1867 1823 1820 1820 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [6]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

  • 1808 Treaty of Brownsville. Construction of the Western Reserve Road began. The road connected the Maumee River to the western edge of the Connecticut Reserve stretching from Fort Meigs to Fremont, along present-day U.S. Route 20.[7] This route was difficult to travel due to high levels of water from rains and overflowing creeks, and the added danger of insects carrying diseases such as malaria.[8]
  • 1834 Bowling Green founded.
  • 1850s Settlers moved in to create farmland out of swamp and since then, Wood County has been mostly agricultural in nature, covered by farms growing mostly soybeans, corn and wheat.[9]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Wood County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 733
1830 1,102 50.3%
1840 5,357 386.1%
1850 9,157 70.9%
1860 17,886 95.3%
1870 24,596 37.5%
1880 34,022 38.3%
1890 44,392 30.5%
1900 51,555 16.1%
1910 46,330 −10.1%
1920 44,892 −3.1%
1930 50,320 12.1%
1940 51,796 2.9%
1950 59,605 15.1%
1960 72,596 21.8%
1970 89,722 23.6%
1980 107,372 19.7%
1990 113,269 5.5%
2000 121,065 6.9%
2010 125,488 3.7%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Lucas CountyOttawa CountySandusky CountySeneca CountyHancock CountyPutnam CountyHenry CountyOH WOOD.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

War of 1812

Civil War

Civil War service men from Wood County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Wood County.

- 100th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company A
- 111th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Companies B, D, I, and K

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Wood County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Wood County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Wood County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Wood County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Wood County District Public Library
Main Library
251 N Main St
Bowling Green, OH 43402

Way Public Library
101 E Indiana Ave
Perrysburg, OH 43551

Bowling Green State University - Center for Archival Collections
5th Floor - Jerome Library
Bowling Green State University
Bowling Green, OH 43403

Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center
Spiegel Grove
Fremont, OH 43420

Museums[edit | edit source]

Wood County Historical Center and Museum
13660 County Home Rd
Bowling Green, OH 43402

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Wood County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Wood County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society
PO Box 722
1st floor, Office Building, Courthouse Square
Bowling Green, OH 43402

Wood County Historical Center and Museum
13660 County Home Rd
Bowling Green, OH 43402

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  2. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Wood County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/wood/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "Wood County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wood_County,_Ohio, accessed 18 January 2019.
  7. Lawrence, Genealogy Trails, “Bowling Green Pre-1833.”
  8. Lawrence, Genealogy Trails, “Bowling Green Pre-1833.”
  9. Geoff Howes and Lucy Long, Wood County History (https://web.archive.org/web/20080827223230/http://woodcountyhistory.org/foodways/german_more.html : accessed 16 September 2012), “German-Americans in Northwest Ohio.”