Williams County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Williams County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Bryan
Organized: February 2, 1824[1]
Parent County(s): Darke[2]
Neighboring Counties
Fulton  • Henry  • Defiance  • DeKalb (IN)  • Steuben (IN)  • Hillsdale (MI)
See County Maps
Williams County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH williams.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for David Williams, one of the captors of John André in the American Revolutionary War. It is located in the Northwest area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Williams County Courthouse
1 Courthouse Square
Bryan, OH 43506
Phone: 419-636-1551
Williams County website

County Record Center has birth and death records 1867-1908, marriage and probate records 1824-1984, divorce and court records 1824-1977 and naturalization records 1860-1926;
County Health Department has birth and death records from 1909[4]

Williams County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1867 1824 1867 1824 1824 1824 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county: [8]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places
Ghost towns

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Williams County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 387
1840 4,465 1053.7%
1850 8,018 79.6%
1860 16,633 107.4%
1870 20,991 26.2%
1880 23,821 13.5%
1890 24,897 4.5%
1900 24,953 0.2%
1910 25,198 1.0%
1920 24,627 −2.3%
1930 24,316 −1.3%
1940 25,510 4.9%
1950 26,202 2.7%
1960 29,968 14.4%
1970 33,669 12.3%
1980 36,369 8.0%
1990 36,956 1.6%
2000 39,188 6.0%
2010 37,642 −3.9%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes


Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Hillsdale CountySteuben CountyDeKalb CountyFulton CountyHenry CountyDefiance CountyOH WILLIAMS.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War
Civil War service men from Williams County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Williams County.

- 100th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company C
- 111th Regiment, Ohio Infantry, Company C

World War I

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Williams County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Williams County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]


Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Williams County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Williams County Records Center & Archives
107 W Butler St
Bryan, OH 43506

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Williams County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

William County Public Library
107 E High St
Bryan, OH 43506

Montpelier Public Library
216 E Main St
Montpelier, OH 43543-1199

Museums[edit | edit source]

Williams County Historical Society Museum
611 E Main St
PO Box 415
Montpelier, OH 43543

The Hopewell Indians Mounds
4 Road
Montpelier, OH 43543

The Quaker meeting House
Township Road N21
West Unity, OH

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Williams County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

Williams County Genealogical Society
107 E High St
PO Box 293
Bryan, OH 43506
419-636-6734 ext.275

Williams County Historical Society
PO Box 415
Montpelier, OH 43543-0415

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Williams County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/williams/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  3. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Williams County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/williams/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Williams County, Ohio Genealogy and History”, http://genealogytrails.com/ohio/williams/ accessed 2/27/2017.
  7. Ohio Historical Boundary Changes - list of all boundary changes by county provided by Newberry Library
  8. Wikipedia contributors, "Williams County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Williams_County,_Ohio, accessed 18 January 2019.